Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Meningitis And Meningococcal Infection
Yes: Meningitis is a general term which refers to any process resulting in inflammation or swelling of the lining of the brain or spinal cord. Meningococcal meningitis refers specifically to meningitis caused by the bacteria neisseria meningitidis. Several bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites may cause meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis is one of the most severe. ...Read more
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Dead in 24 hours: This is a devastatingly horrific disease. Patients go from initial fever, to very ill, to fulminant sepsis, hypotension, shock and death within 24 to 48 hours. When patients call at night after three days of fever in a small child, we pediatricians actually breath a sigh of relief. "This is not a child with meningitis, we think to ourselves" We are always more concerned about new onset fever ...Read more
Risk for meningitis:
Meningococcal meningitis is an infections disease, spread by close contact with infected individuals or carriers of meningococcus. The risk is high in populations such as college student, camps and schools, especially boarding schools.
Known contacts of infected individuals should consult their doctor about the need for prophylactic treatment. ...Read more
Get vaccinated: Vaccines are available that help boost resistance to meningocal meningitis. It covers 4 strains of the germ and may provide some cross resistance for others. It has been in regular use amoung teens & college age kids for some time. If u are directly exposed to a case, several days of abx are given to supress it before it starts. Effective handwashing and other hygenic practices round out your options. ...Read more
Location: Meningitis is infammation of the tissue covering our brains. There are a number of causes including infections, which also include a bacterium called meningococcus. Septicemia is when the infection is actively moving in the bloodstream allowing it to spread to many parts of the body. Both are very serious and life threatening. ...Read more
So not all meningitis is caused by n. Meningitis? And not all "meningococcal disease" is meningitis?
Infection vs sequela: The duration of treatment depends on the presentation. If it was caught early and appropriate antibiotics were started the studies have shown that the CSF is sterilized before the 4th day (in immunocompetent patients). If it was more advanced, associated with bacteremia and sepsis then 7 days is the norm. About 10% of individuals will suffer from long-lasting sequelae that will need further help. ...Read more
Terminology: There are several vaccines that help reduce bacterial meningitis. The Hemophylis influenza type B (HIB) and pneumococcus are commonly given in infancy. The most common meningococcal vaccines are 2 that help protect against meningococcal strains A, C,W &Y. A newer separate vaccine is now heavily advertised in the US against meningococcal strain B. These are given to pre-teens thru adults. ...Read more
Different: Bacteria of many types can cause meningitis. In premi's it is often Group B strep or E.coli. In unimmunized infants and toddlers, Hemoplillis influenzae or pneumococcus & rarely meningococcus. In older kids, teens and adults it may be meningococcus or pneumococcus among others. Meningococcal meningitis is just getting more advertising time with newer vaccines available. ...Read more
Many places: Almost any health care provider should be able to administer this vaccine, and a quick search of drug store chains shows that many of them also provide the vaccine. However, the cdc does not currently recommend all adults get this vaccine (only certain at-risk groups). See http://www.Cdc. Gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/mening/who-vaccinate. Htm for more info. ...Read more
Depends: You may get lucky, never be exposed and never need the vaccine. You could also be exposed, take meds before symptoms start and do fine. You could also be exposed by an unknown source, develop the disease and say goodbye to the world in 24 hours. The general risk is low in most adults. ...Read more
Is meningococcal meningitis bacterial and I'm taken topamac i still feel dizziness, aposynttonismos, nausea?
Yes. It is bacterial: It is a bacterial infection of the brain. I assume u mean topamax (topiramate) which is an anti seizure medicine. If you recently had bacterial meningitis you will likely have these symptoms for quite sometime. Recommend seeing a neurologist and an MRI might be the next step. ...Read more
Meningitis: Meningococcal is one type of Bacterial infection. ...Read more
MeningococcalVaccine: The latest recommendation is to have a booster after five years. ...Read more
The same: A vaccine is a set of proteins that trigger your body to produce antibodies against a certain agent. In this case it is the agent that causes Meningococcal infections. The most serious Meningococcal infection is the one that involves the meninges of the brain. This becomes Meningococcal meningitis. Good antibodies that build up from the vaccine can protect against the meningitis. ...Read more
VACCINE: SIDE EFFECT:
Meningococcal vaccine: current recommendation: 1st dose at 11 years and booster 5 years later. New recommendation is coming to start at two years or as early as 2 mo age in susceptible children, 2 to 4 doses.
Side effects: like all other vaccines, some malaise, mild headache, low grade fever, localized redness lasting 1-2 days. ...Read more
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