Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Endocarditis And Pericarditis
An infection of the inner lining of your heart. It generally occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage or destroy your heart valves and can ...Read more
Difference: Pericarditis is inflammation of the lining around the heart - the pericardium, generally with a fluid collection between the pericardium and the heart. Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart, generally on a valve surface, either natural or artificial. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Similar & different: Infection can cause all three of these entities, however combination of all three is rather uncommon. Endocarditis is typically caused by a bacteria and rarely as an end result of major illness (lupus, etc.), myocarditis is very typically viral in etiology, and pericarditis can be infectious in etiology, or due to radiation, connective tissue disease (lupus or the like) or renal failure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Location: Each of these involves infection or inflammation of the heart. Pericarditis is infection or inflammation of the outside lining of the heart. Myocarditis is inflammation or infection of the heart muscle. Endocarditis is infection or inflammation of the heart valves. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can you define pericarditis, myocarditis, and endocarditis. How do these various conditions differ? How are they diagnosed and treated?
It varies: Pericarditis is inflammation of the sac around the heart that is often treated with antiinflammatories but may need surgery. Myocarditis can be a serious, often viral infection of the heart muscle. Treatment could be medication, artificial heart support or even a transplant. Endocarditis is an infection of the heart valves that may respond to antibiotics but might need a valve replacement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Infective endocarditis is infection of one or more heart valves by a microorganism. Non-infective endocarditis is inflammation of a heart valve not caused by an infection. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is found in patients with malignancy, chronic wasting diseases, rheumatic and congenetal heart diseases and autoimmune diseases such as sle. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Restricted vs constr: To oversimplify, one squeezes the heart from outside and the other restricts from stiffening within the heart wall. ...Read more
Several: Constrictive pericarditis is a condition where the sac around the heart (the pericardium) becomes scarred and shrinks, which does not allow the heart to fill fully. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a condition where the pericardium is normal, but the heart muscle itself is diseased in a way that does not allow the muscle to relax and the ventricle to fill. The treatment for each is different. ...Read more
Intrinsic/extrinsic: Restrictive cardiomyopathy involves the heart itself becoming stiff and not filling properly which eventually can cause heart failure and need a transplant to treat. Constrictive pericarditis affects the sac around the heart entrapping the heart and causing similar symptoms but may be treated if needed by removing the sac from around the heart by surgery ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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