Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Down Syndrome And Autism
Autistic Spectrum : Disorder can present as regression in language & behavior as late as school age in kids with DS & mild-moderate Intellectual Disability (ID). Hearing loss is also common in DS. Try "When Down Syndrome & Autism Intersect", edited by Margaret Froehlke, R.N. & Robin Zaborek & "Dual Diagnosis of DS & Autism" by George T. Capone, M.D., adapted from Disability Solutions, vol.3, issues 5 & 6. ...Read more
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Patients with autism may display significant delays in certain developmental areas while having normal or superior strengths in other developmental or learning domains. The severity of the disorder is highly variable ...Read more
By letting them be: If kids get only frustrated by confronting them constantly with ther limitations, they can never just be happy. A common mistake parents make is to try to operate constantly in educating and training them without allowing them any time to just be kids, on that, they are just like any other kid. And, believe me, free play time, non-directed, helps a lot brain development naturally. ...Read more
Clinical research : reveals that 10-19% of people with Down Syndrome also have Autistic Spectrum Disorder, often manifesting as regression in language & behavioral regression between 3-7 years. See sfari.org/news-and-opinion/in-brief/2014/clinical-research-down-syndrome-autism-often-coexist. Contact Dr. George T. Capone at Kennedy-Krieger Institute in Baltimore, email@example.com, to participate in studies. ...Read more
From infancy through: adulthood people with DS have delays in receptive & expressive language, ='in some areas to cognition, usually mild-moderate Intellectual Disability, others lower..Babies, toddlers & children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder may not talk or may have bizarre jargon mixed with babbling, then words, but they lack joint attention, communicative intent & reciprocal conversational skills. ...Read more
If you have both. : yes. Autistic Spectrum Disorder presents as regression in language & behavior between ages 3-7 years in kids with DS & mild-moderate Intellectual Disability. The child must be evaluated for hearing loss, also common in DS. The closest Developmental/Behavioral Pediatricians near you are in Bangor. See www.healthgrades.com/pediatric-developmental-behavioral-health-directory/me-maine/bangor. ...Read more
Developmental peds: A developmental pediatrician specializes in developmental and behavioral problems in children, including autism, Down Syndrome, ADD and some other issues. If you are looking for a developmental pediatrician in your area, you can ask your general pediatrician for a referral or you can look on the American Academy of Pediatrics website: www.aap.org. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
None. "Mongoloid" is: considered an ethnically pejorative term & is no longer used to describe the facial features of flat mid-face, flat nasal bridge, epicanthic folds, skin folds of the inner corners of the eyes & up-slanting palpebral fissures or eye openings that are characteristic facial features of people with Down Syndrome but also are seen in many perfectly neurotypical individuals of Asian descent. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Both are caused by : genetic accidents. Down Syndrome occurs in a fetus with a full or partial extra copy of Chromosome 21, with characteristic features, congenital anomalies, hypotonia & Intellectual Disability. Turner Syndrome occurs in a female fetus with an incomplete or missing X Chromosome, with characteristic features, Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities, short stature & infertility. See each disorder's website ...Read more
Old world term: Quite a while back & before the chromosome defect was found in '60's, the the facial structure of down syndrome kids/adults, reminded folks of the features of mongolian race. Original scientific publications uses that terminology. It was well into the '70's before the descriptions began to change & the public began to use more modern descriptors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Neurodevelopmental : Disorders like AS & DS that cause Intellectual Disability differ in etiology, signs & symptoms & Neurobehavioral profiles including motor, language, cognitive & social/ adaptive skills. The genetic accident that causes DS gives a fetus 3 copies of Chromosome 21; a fetus with AS may lack a maternal UBE3A gene, have 2 copies of the gene from dad, or only dad's gene is active at Chr.15 q11.2-q13. ...Read more
Down syndrome is the classic presentation clinically of the congenital malformation syndrome also known as Trisomy 21. Classic features may include simian creases, epicanthal folds, upslanting palpebral fissures, flat nasal bridge, hypertelorism, low set ears, endocardial cushion defects of the heart, atlanto-axial joint instability, blood ...Read more
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