Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Coronary And Congenital Heart Disease
CHD: Congenital means you are born with it, and is usually a structural defect inside the heart. Coronary disease is a 'clogging' of the coronary arteries which occurs later in life due to a variety of causes. ...Read more
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
Yes: The former is an acquired condition while the latter is present at birth. ...Read more
Difference: Congenital heart disease means you are born with it. Rarely coronary arteries are the main problem, usually it is one of the more common structural deformities. Coronary heart disease is disease of the coronary arteries, generally as a result of lifestyle issues such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, etc. ...Read more
What's more accurate a cardiac MRI or an mdct. ...Specifically for adult congenital heart disease? What's the prefrence between the 2?
None.: Thee terms are used interchangeably.Get a more detailed answer ›
Depends: Congenital heart disease have had significant advances in technology of diagnosis and treatment. Especially with surgical treatments. So much so that there is now a specialty in cardiology kown as "adult congenital cardiology" dedicated to the care of adults born with congenital heart disease. To answer your question it depends on the details of the disease. Some may not affect life span, some will ...Read more
No.: Just the opposite; congential heart disease encompasses heart malformations that are present at birth. ...Read more
How old is she?: Kids will process ideas if presented in a developmentaly appropriate format. Small kids believe in the tooth fairy & explanations should be short, focused & evident. A simple"you were born with a weak heart " should do early on, repeated as needed. (they don't take notes) after 7-8 when they let go of the tooth fairy they can process more, by the late teens they can get a full explanation. ...Read more
Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more
Multifactorial: The inheritance of congenital heart defects follows a different pattern than commonly thought of genetic traits like skin or eye color. The risk to any newborn is a little less than 1%. The risk of a subsequent child I higher - about 2-3%. The risk to the child if the mother (or father although the numbers are lower)is affected is about 6-8% and varies with the defect. ...Read more
Polygenic problem: The information that codes for proper heart formation is shared by many genes on chromosomes. Genetic studies show linkage, where a person with a form of chd has a 4% chance of having a first degree relative with any form of chd as well as a 4% risk of having a child with a chd. A few rare syndromes have higher genetic risk (dominant = 50%) that sometimes have chd as part of the syndrome. ...Read more
Later: This complication usually occurs in late toddler stage and older. ...Read more
Too vague: Congenital heart disease is an incredibly broad term, encompassing critical life-threatening & debilitating conditions as well as transient defects with no real clinical effect. With the more severe defects, any supplement or homeopathic medication should really be discussed with the PCP (especially if there is any history of arrhythmias), while mild defects may not need any special consideration. ...Read more
Not likely.: Most congenital cardiac defects are due to multifactorial inheritance and environmental factors such as Folic Acid deficiency. I am not aware of specific studies linking them to a faulty signal transduction pathway, although such mechanisms frequently become the final common pathway of multiple etiological pathogenic factors. ...Read more
Too complex: There are many types of congenital disease with many different and often unknown causes. So. There is no pat answer to this broad question. ...Read more
Yes: Both short term and long term outcomes depend on the exact type of congenital heart disease. The great majority of children with congenital heart disease will go on to live a normal or near normal life, even if they require open heart surgery. Almost every child born with congenital heart disease was options for successful care. Best care is delivered at congenital heart centers. ...Read more
Depends on defect: Some types of congenital heart disease increase one's risk for infectious endocarditis more than other types. Congenital heart defects that raise the risk for endocarditis include: bicuspid aortic valve, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, and tetralogy of Fallot. ...Read more
What are the chances of a parent having congenital heart disease and? Passing it onto their children?
Varies: Most CHD is polygenicm meaning it travels on multiple genes/chromosomes. Their offspring have about 4% risk of any (not just the same) CHD. If the other parent has any form of CHD it jumps to about 10%. There are some forms of CHD that are associated with gene based dominant or recessive syndromes. For these it depends on the syndrome. A geneticist can provide a better number with more history/data. ...Read more
My friend have congenital heart disease and is pregnant right now. How many percent of chances can she survive?
Is congenital heart disease correlated with age? Are older people more at risk with congenital heart disease, if so, how can it be prevented?
No: I think this is a definition issue. Congenital means "from birth", and most congenital issues are caught nearer to birth, especially major ones that either cause blue lips and gums, or failure to grow properly. Sometimes an issue like a small hole between chambers of the heart goes undetected, and is found later on a cardiac work up for other reasons. But issues like that start from birth. ...Read more
Not specificly: The sporadic occurrence of congenital heart disease in a baby is influenced by many factors including heredity & toxic exposure. Maternal /paternal age at conception does not seem to have a direct influence unless a chromosome defect comes into play. Then advanced maternal age increases risk of trisomy & each chromosome defect has a higher risk of a heart defect. ...Read more
No plan I know of: Congenital heart disease (chd) is a sporadic event occuring in ~1% of births. It is frequently seen in chromasome disorders. Having one or more parents with a defect increases risk but not always for the same defects. Having a 1st child with chd increases risk for a 2nd. A healthy lifestyle prior to and during pregnancy is the best anyone can do. Even then, ~4% of nbns will have an issue to deal with. ...Read more
Varies with defect: Some are minor and involve minimal impact on health or lifespan. Some are major & require many life threatening surgeries & a n altered limited lifestyle. The specific chd lesion is the most important factor followed by the availability of appropriate specialty care. ...Read more
Depends on study: Many forms of congenital heart disease are detected by prenatal ultrasound depending on the type of study preformed. A low level scan is often used to verify the head size which helps verify dates, position & placental location. Higher resolution studies can examine the heart size, valves &chambers & find many chd's. ...Read more
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