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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Autism And Mental Retardation

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I want to know what is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

I want to know what is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

Many differences: Autism is a specific group of disorders with communication difficulties, inability to react to surrounding people; repetitive movements and sounds. Diagnosis is difficult -- on going p.., o.T. And speech therapy , ay help. Mental retardation implies abnormal iq but has many causes ---- need ped neurologist, geneticist for diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more

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Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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What's the difference between autism and mental retardation other than socioeconomic status?

Autism vs MR: Mr is a reflection of compromised intellectual skills which can be measured and categorized. I may also be seen in any medical, physical and psychological states. Autism, by contrast, is a psychological/biological psychological characterized by an inability to form relationships and relate. To the outside world. Autism means "preoccupation with the self". It may or may not effect intellect. ...Read more

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How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

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Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Absolutely: Although many more children with normal or superior intelligence now are being diagnosed than used to be the case, a large number of children have both autism and mental retardation, and each increases the complications of the other. ...Read more

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Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Yes, current studies: show that 40-68% of children with autistic spectrum disorder also have intellectual disability, a Full Scale IQ < 70. Behavioral & educational therapies are tailored to the child's cognitive level. The Early Start Denver Model for 12-48 month-olds has shown gains in cognition & language as well as reduction of autistic symptoms after 2 years of 20 hours/week therapy. See www.autismspeaks.org. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with autistic spectrum disorder [observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest], also have intellectual disability (aka mental retardation), defined as cognitive ability. Significantly below average (iq. ...Read more

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Is autism a version of mental retardation or a psychological problem?

Is autism a version of mental retardation or a psychological problem?

Autism: Autism is one in a group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulty in social interaction, language, and behavior. There are varying intensities of autism. In most cases, children with severe autism have marked impairments or a complete inability to communicate or interact with other people. It's different from mental retardation (now called intellectual disabilities). ...Read more

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Hello docs, is autism considered mental retardation?

No: While some children with autism may have mental retardation, many of them are actually quite intelligent. Some of them learn how to excel at things and lead actually quite productive lifestyles. Those unfortunately who do have true mental retardation however do not fare so well in life. Best wishes. ...Read more

Dr. Johanna Fricke
623 doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Patients with autism may display significant delays in certain developmental areas while having normal or superior strengths in other developmental or learning domains. The severity of the disorder is highly variable ...Read more


Dr. Johanna Fricke
516 doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

Autism spectrum disorder, also called pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is a type of condition that includes life-long impairment in the ability to communicate and to have normal social interactions. These include ...Read more