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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Autism And Mental Retardation

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I want to know what is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

I want to know what is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

Many differences: Autism is a specific group of disorders with communication difficulties, inability to react to surrounding people; repetitive movements and sounds. Diagnosis is difficult -- on going p., o.T. And speech therapy, ay help. Mental retardation implies abnormal iq but has many causes ---- need ped neurologist, geneticist for diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 Doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living. For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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What's the difference between autism and mental retardation other than socioeconomic status?

Autism vs MR: Mr is a reflection of compromised intellectual skills which can be measured and categorized. I may also be seen in any medical, physical and psychological states. Autism, by contrast, is a psychological/biological psychological characterized by an inability to form relationships and relate. To the outside world. Autism means "preoccupation with the self". It may or may not effect intellect. ...Read more

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How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

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Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Absolutely: Although many more children with normal or superior intelligence now are being diagnosed than used to be the case, a large number of children have both autism and mental retardation, and each increases the complications of the other. ...Read more

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Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Yes, current studies: Show that 40-68% of children with autistic spectrum disorder also have intellectual disability, a Full Scale IQ < 70. Behavioral & educational therapies are tailored to the child's cognitive level. The Early Start Denver Model for 12-48 month-olds has shown gains in cognition & language as well as reduction of autistic symptoms after 2 years of 20 hours/week therapy. See www. Autismspeaks. Org. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with autistic spectrum disorder [observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest], also have intellectual disability (aka mental retardation), defined as cognitive ability. Significantly below average (iq. ...Read more

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Is autism a version of mental retardation or a psychological problem?

Is autism a version of mental retardation or a psychological problem?

Autism: Autism is one in a group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulty in social interaction, language, and behavior. There are varying intensities of autism. In most cases, children with severe autism have marked impairments or a complete inability to communicate or interact with other people. It's different from mental retardation (now called intellectual disabilities). ...Read more

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Hello docs, is autism considered mental retardation?

No: While some children with autism may have mental retardation, many of them are actually quite intelligent. Some of them learn how to excel at things and lead actually quite productive lifestyles. Those unfortunately who do have true mental retardation however do not fare so well in life. Best wishes. ...Read more

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My son has cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, catatonic schizophrenia, seizures, & no lower left lope of brain what is his life expectancy?

My son has cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, catatonic schizophrenia, seizures, & no lower left lope of brain what is his life expectancy?

Who knows!: So sorry about your son. All of his conditions you could think might cause a shorter life span for all sorts of reasons, but with good care one never knows. Accidents, poor nutrition (because he doesn't eat well), progressive brain deterioration if repeated seizures, infections, general stress with its harmful physical effects, all could contribute to premature death. Best of luck! ...Read more

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Are there any mentally retarded people who are also savants, like in autism?

Are there any mentally retarded people who are also savants, like in autism?

Definitions change: The original term was "idiot savant." the reason these rare individuals are of such interest is that often their overall capabilities, what most of us would think of as intelligence, is quite low, and yet in one or two specific areas, they have skills vastly superior to the average population. The term "autistic savant" is now preferred, but mental retardation usually is a part of the picture. ...Read more

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Is autism person is mentally retarded, do they have professional lives? Are they nomrally weak in studies

No: Autism presents with a spectrum of symptoms. Some can function in society quite well. Some are quite proficient in math studies ...Read more

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What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

One is slang: Handicapped covers a whole spectrum of developmental disabilities where retarded is vulgar and no professional uses that term anymore ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism and a mental handicap?

What is the difference between autism and a mental handicap?

Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest - also have intellectual disability (ID), measured cognitive & adaptive abilities < 70 before age 18. Many Neurodevelopmental Disorders with ID do not have ASD in their Neurobehavioral profile. ...Read more

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Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism and aspergers?

What is the difference between autism and aspergers?

Because the same: Core deficits - diminished or absent joint attention, facial recognition & Theory Of Mind - exist in all types of Autistic Spectrum Disorder, the diagnoses of Asperger Syndrome & PDD-NOS were subsumed into ASD in the DSM-V. The level of ASD is defined by the type & degree of supports needed for a person with ASD to function optimally, 1 being the lowest level of need & 3 being the highest. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism and asperger's syndrome?

Symptom presentation: This distinction, introduced in the early 1990's, arose because some individuals had major delays in social interactions and language, along with odd behaviors (autism), while others had good language but problems with the other two areas (asperger's). Subsequent research has shown that, controling for intelligence, the main difference is language--a circular process. It may be going away soon. ...Read more

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I need to know what is the difference between autism and aspergers?

Smart question: They are related to each other. One way of thinking of aspberger's syndrome is as a milder form of autism with a greater chance of being able to live independently. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism tantrums and normal tantrums?

A rose is a rose;: A tantrum is an outburst of temper with screaming, hitting, kicking, etc. Typically used by kids with limited language to obtain a desired object or avoid a non-preferred task. Ignoring tantrums & modeling developmental-age-appropriate self-calming skills extinguishes tantrums in neurotypical toddlers. Kids with Autistic Spectrum Disorder require intensive, repetitive behavioral therapy ...Read more

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I need to know what is the difference between autism and introverted personality?

Introversion is not: A pathological condition but the end of a spectrum between that and extroversion. As long as being somewhat quiet does not cause social problems no need for treatment. Autism is a condition that needs treatment. Folks w/this have difficulty relating to other socially, often won't look people in the eye. They have difficulty w/reading nonverbals. Great plains lab has info and tests. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism, autism spectrum?

What is the difference between autism, autism spectrum?

Semantics: The diagnosis of autism has broadened. The term has also been softened with euphemisms like "asd" (autistic spectrum disorder). Clinically, the terms are now interchangeable. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism and autism spectrum?

What is the difference between autism and autism spectrum?

Not much: Autism is currently a diagnosis that meets a specific set of diagnostic criteria. We know that their are a great number of people who do not meet this set of criteria, but still are very much autistic in nature. This is why there is a spectrum of autism diagnoses. This is predicted to change soon to only one diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder; early recognition and early treatment are the key. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism itself and autism spectrum?

What is the difference between autism itself and autism spectrum?

Autism: ASD or autism spectrum disorder is a continum of diagnoses. An easy way to think of it is to imagine a number between 1-100. The severity of symptoms makes the diagnosis on a scale of 1-100. Aspergers is an asd, but so is autism. Intervention is based on what services are needed. ...Read more

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What is the difference between autism now and in the 70s?

Symptom focus: Although the early descriptions of autism focued on impairments in social interaction, language, and behaviors, during the 70's the cause was thought to be poor mother/child bonding and the diagnosis was mainly made along with severe mental retardation. Now, focus in on biological causes of autism, and autism is recognized at all levels of cogntive functioning, including geniuses. ...Read more

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What is? The difference between autism and developemental verbal dyspraxia?

See below: Autism effects speech, cognition, and socialization. Speech apraxia/dyspraxia only effects speech. ...Read more

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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and autism?

Angelman Syndrome =: intellectual disability, puppet-like, jerky movements, hand-flapping, laughter outbursts, sociability, & severe language deficits from lack of maternal genes, 2 sets of paternal genes or only active paternal genes on Chromosome 15q11.2-q13. A few kids with AS lack social communication & reciprocity + their stereotypical movements, warranting additional diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder. ...Read more

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What is the difference between aspergers and autism in general?

What is the difference between aspergers and autism in general?

They are both: On the spectrum of autism disorder. Aspergers in general is more high functioning. They are all very bright people. Aspergers tend to excel academically and have social problems because they do not read emotional cues well at all. Autism usually has more severe developmental and language delays with diarrhea, constipation, self stemming, and eating issues. This is a broad and general description. ...Read more

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Help please? What is the difference between aspergers and autism?

Help please? What is the difference between aspergers and autism?

Autism spectrum: Autistic disorders, like many, if not most, other diseases and disorders, exist on a spectrum from milder to more severe. Asperger's disorder is a way of describing someone in the "higher functioning" or "milder" range of the spectrum. Although if you are someone or a loved one with the disorder, there is probably nothing that seems " mild" about it. Best wishes. ...Read more

Dr. Johanna Fricke
532 Doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

ASD are a spectrum of disorders of varying degrees that are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 68 American children as ...Read more


Dr. Johanna Fricke
643 Doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

A neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between ...Read more