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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between A Pituitary And Thyroid Dwarfism

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What is done to diagnose dwarfism?

What is done to diagnose dwarfism?

Prenatal ultrasound.: Screening with prenatal ultrasound is one way to screen for certain types of dwarfism that could potentially be lethal. Prenatal screening and diagnosis are primarily performed in the second trimester, but late first trimester fetal structural assessment is becoming more common with advances in transvaginal ultrasound imaging and the widespread use of first trimester screening for down syndrome. ...Read more

Dr. Tanya Russo
13 Doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


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What are the complications associated with pituitary dwarfism?

What are the complications associated with pituitary dwarfism?

Pituitary dwarfism: Who in the family has this pituitary dwarfism? Surely you have discussed this condition with a pediatrician at some time. If not, please do so. You will learn a lot and get some comfort. ...Read more

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What about dwarfism? Is it related to the pituitary gland?

What about dwarfism? Is it related to the pituitary gland?

Infrequently: Dwarfism results from any of over 200 different conditions. 70% of little people are classified as achondroplastic (short limbs, near normal torso/head size). This results from a genetic disorder of long bone growth. Proportionate dwarfism (body parts in proportion but small) may result from pituitary failure of growth hormone secretion. Short stature in healthy people is not abnormal. ...Read more

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Does having a history of pituitary dwarfism (GH therapy x 2 years) predispose me to future pituitary issues? Several possible symptoms are rising.

Does having a history of pituitary dwarfism (GH therapy x 2 years) predispose me to future pituitary issues? Several possible symptoms are rising.

Yes: Early developmental pituitary problems may foreward of other later developing pituitary problems, since the gland has multiple functions across many organ system. You need to be followed by an Endocrinologist. ...Read more

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Help docs! I'm trying to find out what causes pituitary dwarfism (hypo-somatotropism)?

Help docs! I'm trying to find out what causes pituitary dwarfism (hypo-somatotropism)?

Multiple causes: Hyposomatotropism has a variety of causes including genetic controls over production ; secretion of pituitary hormones. This cause is often detected at birth due to other accompanying signs of physical abnormalities which occur in utero. If not genetic then, other causes include trauma, infections, sarcoidosis, tumors, pituitary gland developmental problems, and cranial irradiation. Best to you! ...Read more

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What are symptoms of hypopituitarism and when to be concerned? Hx of dwarfism caused by deficient pituitary.

What are symptoms of hypopituitarism and when to be concerned? Hx of dwarfism caused by deficient pituitary.

Hypopituitarism: If entire pituitary affected, not just growth hormone, other hormones such as gonadotropins, TSH and ACTH will be low as well. Symptoms are those of target gland dysfunction - absent or diminished secondary sex characteristics or menses, thyroid or adrenal insufficiency. ...Read more

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Could pediatric neuro-sarcoidosis cause pituitary dwarfism (hyposomatotropism) in children?

Could pediatric neuro-sarcoidosis cause pituitary dwarfism (hyposomatotropism) in children?

It could be a cause: Causes of hypopituitarism can directly affect the pituitary gland or indirectly through the hypothalamus, which in turn affects the pituitary gland. Causes of hypopituitarism, of which there are many, includes sarcoidosis - a rare inflammation of the lymph nodes and other tissues throughout the body.
...Read more

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Prolactin of 48.3 cycle day 21, estradiol of less than 25 cycle day 3. 22 year old female. Hx of pituitary dwarfism. Are those normal levels?

Prolactin of 48.3 cycle day 21, estradiol of less than 25 cycle day 3. 22 year old female. Hx of pituitary dwarfism. Are those normal levels?

You may have...: A microproctinoma or a large one. I would place you on cabergoline 0.5 mg two times per week to see if your results normalize. Also, many drugs such as Reglan raise prolactin levels. Your prolactin is moderately elevated. I would have other pituitary hormones checked. ...Read more

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Can there be some other parent out there who has a child with pituitary dwarfism & spina bifida combined?

Can there be some other parent out there who has a child with pituitary dwarfism & spina bifida combined?

Rare: I have been practicing pediatric radiology for forty years and have seen one case of achondrodysplasia dwarfism associated with spina bifida. Patients with spina bifida have high incidence of associated anomalies developing from multiiple germ layers. Pituiary gland develops from neuroectoderm. List of many associated but rare syndromes. Http://ispub. Com/ijpn/4/1/8777#es. ...Read more

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If cushing's syndrome is undiagnosed during pregnancy what problems could the baby be born with? Could this cause pituitary dwarfism?

If cushing's syndrome is undiagnosed during pregnancy what problems could the baby be born with? Could this cause pituitary dwarfism?

Not really.: Cushing's doe not appear to be terribly damaging to the fetus. Most complications seen from cushing's in pregnancy result from effects on the health of the mother, which can in turn affect the health of the developing fetus. Common maternal complication is high blood pressure, which can lead to pre-eclampsia, can also predispose to diabetes during pregnancy. Once born, babies are usually normal. ...Read more

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What is the difference between gigantism or dwarfism?

What is the difference between gigantism or dwarfism?

Gigantism/ dwarfishm: Gigantism = abnormal increased growth due to presence of too much growth hormone in childhood. Dwarfism involves short stature. (4 feet 10 inches or less) ...Read more

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Is there a difference between achondroplasia dwarfism and other types?

Is there a difference between achondroplasia dwarfism and other types?

Yes: Achondroplasia dwarfism is genetic & accounts for 70% of individuals with dwarfism. Growth hormone deficiency & other medical consitions are other potential causes of dwarfism. ...Read more

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I have hashimoto thyroidism, pituitary tumor, seizures, lesion on my brain and had multiple concussions. My calves are hurting bad what could this be?

I have hashimoto thyroidism, pituitary tumor, seizures, lesion on my brain and had multiple concussions. My calves are hurting bad what could this be?

Wow- a lot!: This can either be as simple as muscular if you have had any changes in excercise or even trauma (fall, seizure). Or it can be neurological, neuropathic pain due to your comorbidities or even the brain lesion. Or vascular such as a DVT or blood clot in your veins. I would recommend that you get evaluated at your earliest convenience. ...Read more

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Difference between hypothyroidism from thyroid and hypothyroidism caused by insufficient pituitary. What lab tests can help differentiate?

Difference between hypothyroidism from thyroid and hypothyroidism caused by insufficient pituitary. What lab tests can help differentiate?

TSH level: If thyroid is underactive, TSH will be elevated. If TSH is low but thyroid hormones are low, suspect pituitary issue. Other pituitary hormones will be hypoactive as well, for example Gonadotropins (FSH, LH) and ACTH. Thanks for trusting HealthTap! ...Read more

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What is primordial dwarfism and can people that have it function normally in society?

What is primordial dwarfism and can people that have it function normally in society?

Many diagnoses: Primordial dwarfism means that medicine has not found a cause for such, so it is a basket category that might encompass many different conditions that will be further categorized as our genomic knowlege improves. Most children with primordial dwarfism do have low IQ, but some postulate thatbthis might be related to emotional retardation for not being considered as "full grown". ...Read more

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How do you test for dwarfism or "little people"?

How do you test for dwarfism or "little people"?

X-rays and physical: Usually with a skeletal series, (X-rays of several body parts) and a physical exam by a genetics physician. There is also genetic testing available ...Read more

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Is osteogenesis imperfecta a form of dwarfism?

Yes: In it's more severe stated there is retardation of growth therefore dwarfism would be seen. ...Read more

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What is the gene or chromosome that causes dwarfism?

What is the gene or chromosome that causes dwarfism?

Genes on chromosomes: The knowledge of the osteochondrodystrophies causing dwarfism has in some cases reached the molecular level. There are dozens of different kinds. Some are much better elucidated than others. In some, therapy has become available. ...Read more

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What chromosome carries the gene that can cause dwarfism?

What chromosome carries the gene that can cause dwarfism?

Probably all of them: There are a few hundred different genetic loci that produce dwarfism. Achondroplastic dwarfism is usually the result of a mutation on chromosome 4. ...Read more

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How could 2 people of normal height have an offspring with dwarfism?

How could 2 people of normal height have an offspring with dwarfism?

Yes: Approximately 80% percent of achondroplastic dwarfs have average-size parents due to new mutations of the FGFR3 gene. ...Read more

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Please help! What is the proper medical term for the afflictioon that causes dwarfism?

Short stature: There are literally hundreds of causes (or afflictions) of dwarfism. One of the most common is achondroplasia but that is not the only one. ...Read more

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If 2 ppl, woman (156cm) and man163cm)marry, does this yield a possibility of dwarfism for their children or may result in children being shorter thn thm?

If 2 ppl, woman (156cm) and man163cm)marry, does this yield a possibility of dwarfism for their children or may result in children being shorter thn thm?

Not really dwarfism: That's a 5'1" woman and 5'4" man... Both shorter than average but in the normal range for people. "shorter than average" is not related to dwarfism, because dwarfism is usually due to a genetic problem. Without some type of defect, such normal heights should not be a factor in deciding to marry and have children, unless a parent would have some sort of psychological problem from having short kids. ...Read more

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Does primordial dwarfism affect the mental capabilities?

Many diagnoses: Primordial dwarfism means that medicine has not found a cause for such, so it is a basket category that might encompass many different conditions that will be further categorized as our genomic knowlege improves. Most children with primordial dwarfism do have low IQ, but some postulate thatbthis might be related to emotional retardation for not being considered as "full grown". ...Read more

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Is dwarfism caused by a recessive or dominant allele?

Is dwarfism caused by a recessive or dominant allele?

It depends: It depends on what one means by dwarfism: a short stature in general (this depends on your ethnic origin as well) or a genetic syndrome which involves extremely short stature as part of the clinical picture. Some of them are dominant = inherited from a parent or rose spontaneously (de novo) in the individual. Some of them are recessive (=parents unaffected carriers of the condition). ...Read more

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Dwarfism is caused by the mutation of which chromosome?

Dwarfism is caused by the mutation of which chromosome?

Many types: There are many different types, for example, the most common type is achondroplasia which is on the short arm of chromosome 4. ...Read more

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What amount money will I get if I introduce the best and fastest cure of dwarfism?

Nothing: This is an inappropriate question. I suggest that you learn something about the multiple causes of dwarfism.
Start at The Little People of America, as lpaonline. Org ...Read more

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Could I have proportional dwarfism? I am an 18 yr old female. All of me is small so I look proportionate but I ama little over 4'9"?

Could I have proportional dwarfism? I am an 18 yr old female. All of me is small so I look proportionate but I ama little over 4'9"?

Just short: Dwarf is a general term of short stature below 4 1/2 ft (135 cm). Those who have normal body proportions are often called midgets. ...Read more

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Is primordial dwarfism considered a genetic disorder?

Is primordial dwarfism considered a genetic disorder?

Yes: There are several forms of primordial dwarfism. Many are now known to be single gene defects. This includes forms caused by mutations in a gene known as pericentrin. Pericentrin helps with cell division and movement among other functions. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about dwarfism?

Dwarfism: There are multiple types of dwarfism: achondroplasia, diastrophic dysplasia, spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia (SED), pseudoachondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, & osterogenesis imperfecta. Dwarfish is "An adult, height of 4 ft. 10 in. Or under, as the result of a medical or genetic condition." per LPA. ...Read more

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What can you tell me about dwarfism?

Dwarfism: There are multiple types of dwarfism: achondroplasia, diastrophic dysplasia, spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia (SED), pseudoachondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, & osterogenesis imperfecta. Dwarfish is "An adult, height of 4 ft. 10 in. Or under, as the result of a medical or genetic condition." per LPA. ...Read more

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When was dwarfism brought to attention and who discovered it?

When was dwarfism brought to attention and who discovered it?

Ancient: This has been known long before writing. One of the first pharaohs had a dwarf as his entertainer, and dwarfism has enjoyed a mystique in many cultures, even being seen as desirable. ...Read more

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How many cases of primordial dwarfism are found worldwide?

About 200: Primordial means we do not know the specific cause, about 200 sub-types have been described in medical literature. With the genome project many of this causes will gradually come to light. ...Read more

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Which limitations do you have when you have achondroplasia (dwarfism)?

Achondroplasia: Beyond the obvious limitations of small stature (being short) achondroplasia can lead to severe respiratory problems that can lead to death, also joint and spine problems including twisting of the spine. ...Read more

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What is done to diagnose dwarfism?

Prenatal ultrasound.: Screening with prenatal ultrasound is one way to screen for certain types of dwarfism that could potentially be lethal. Prenatal screening and diagnosis are primarily performed in the second trimester, but late first trimester fetal structural assessment is becoming more common with advances in transvaginal ultrasound imaging and the widespread use of first trimester screening for down syndrome. ...Read more

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What race is mostly affected by dwarfism?

Dwarfism: Good wikipedia question and go to uptodate. I also recommend you learn to us pubmed. Com to help with your research. ...Read more