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What Is The Difference Between A Dialysis Shunt And A Fistula
Simple answer is that it is a medical technology used primarily to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Hemodialysis remove wastes and excess water from the blood by circulating blood outside the body through an external filter, called a dialyzer. Blood and dialysate flow through in opposite directions and the ...Read more
Dialysis shunts.: A shunt is a term for the connection that shunts blood from an artery to a vein, bypassing the microscopic network in the tissues that normally connect them. This allows a high blood flow access for pulling blood from the body to the dialysis filter. A fistula is a shunt that has a direct connection of a native artery and native vein, rather than using an artificial tube to make the connection. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Fistula vs shunt: Basically, fistulas are natural occurring, abnormal communications between structures (e.g. Between the trachea & the esophagus or between the bladder & the vagina) & shunts are man made communications between structures (e.g. Between an artery & a vein for dialysis or between a cerebral ventricle & the peritoneal cavity for removing excess cerebrospinal fluid in hydrocephalus). ...Read more
Arterial Diversion: When an artery is connected to a vein, the vein walls thicken and become muscular (due to the new high arterial pressure). This makes finding the vein easier. More importantly, the large bore needles can be removed and pressure held, with clot forming in the muscular walls, to stop the bleeding. If the veins weren't muscular, putting the needle in and taking it out safely, aren't possible. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Why is it that if a dialysis patient has a ruptured fistula and is haemorrhaging, you shouldn't place a torniquet proximal to the haemorrhage?
Direct pressure: Hold direct pressure over the leak try to control without clotting the entire fistula or graft, so that it may be salvaged. Tourniquet may stop the bleeding if high enough pressure but may clot the fistula and require more extensive repair. Call 911 and get help and transport. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Open or endo: It can be done with tpa (alteplase) (a high-potency medication to dissolve blood clot) and a rotor-rooter device inserted through a needle stick in the access. I tend to make a small incision to remove the clot with a balloon catheter, then do an angioplasty on the area of stenosis (narrowing) which you usually find in the vein or graft. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
"short circuit": A patient who is on dialysis needs the machine to clean toxins from the blood that the kidneys usually do. The patient's blood needs to get out of the body, through the machine, and back into the body. A dialysis fistula is made by sewing a vein to an artery. This short-circuits the blood flow and the vein becomes dilated because it experiences arterial pressures. This can be used for access. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A fistula: A fistula for dialysis is created by connecting a vein in the arm to an artery and giving it usually 6-8 weeks to mature. A good fistula is anatomically not visible but felt through the thrill and bruit it creates. So you should not be able to know the location of a fistula if it is well done. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A fistula is an abnormal connection between two places. Most commonly, it originates somewhere in the intestine and communicates to another location in the intestine or in the skin. A fistula can develop after abdominal surgery, with inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, anorectal abscess, and ...Read more
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