Doctor insights on:
What Is The Cause Of Kidney Stone
Many causes: In women the most common cause is not drinking enough water. In men, the most common is too much calcium in the urine and there are several causes for this. Find an expert in the metabolic evaluation of kidney stones, usually an endocrinologist, or go to a major medical center with a stone clinic. We can prevent over 90% of recurrences with proper evaluation and treatment of the underlying cause. ...Read more
The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more
Kidney stones: Most kidney stone do not have a definite cause, dehydration is common, inmobilization causes calcium loss from bones, kidney filtration defects, hyperfunction of the parathyroid gland, malabsortion from the GI tract, congenital renal defects (renal tubular acidosis, medullary sponge kidneys), gout, drug diamox, (acetazolamide) some diuretics. ...Read more
Metabolic issue.: Kidney stones are initiated by metabolic derangements in the handling of urinary oxalate, uric acid or calcium, for example. These derangements can be hereditary, and they allow for crystals of these substances to form. These crystals serve as a nidus for stone creation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Imbalance: Chemical imbalance inside the gallbladder with crystals that form from either bile salts or cholesterol, these grow into gallstones. More common in females and can also be hereditary in some native populations. Some theories of hormonal changes, gallbladder wall dysfunction, cholesterol imbalance, etc, etc. ...Read more
Inherited disease: You inherit polycystic kidney disease, so it is reasonable to be evaluated if you have a parent with polycystic kidneys. Evaluation will likely include a painless ultrasound (sound wave) examination. If you know you have polycystic kidneys, you want to do everything you can to protect their function. At some point, though, you may need dialysis or a transplant. Talk to your doctor. LGromkoMD ...Read more
Cause- unknown: Exact etiology for PKD unknown. Some researchers swear that genetics plays a big role-- hence ADPKD and ARPKD ( autosomal dominant type and recessive type). But then there are other tapers not genetically oriented. Some hypothesize-- something goes wrong in signaling at cellular level during renal development--- pronephro/ mesonephros/ metabephros stages! ...Read more
Many causes: Pelvicaliectasis of the kidney is dilation of the spaces in the kidney where urine goes prior to passage into the ureter (kidney tube) and bladder. This can indicate a possible obstruction downstream from the kidney (stone or congenital narrowing of the ureter) or possibly can be a normal anatomic variant. Talk to your doctor, especially if you have any pain, to determine appropriate testing. ...Read more
Cause of AKI: Acute renal failure or acute kidney injury (AKI) can be due to several causes including severe dehydration, bleeding, intake of nephrotoxins (medications or chemicals), obstruction of urine flow from both kidneys (e.g. enlarged prostate, retroperitoneal fibrosis), acute inflammation of kidneys (i.e. glomerulonephritis), infection of the kidneys (i.e. pyelonephritis), and much more. ...Read more
Yes: There can be a myriad of reasons a person produces kidney stones. Dietary factors and hydration play a role, but in most case, there is some metabolic predisposition. Having a family member who had kidney stones increases one's risk of having stones as well. A work-up to determine the cause of stones is warranted if you have had more than one episode. See your urologist. ...Read more
Depends: Your gallbladder will be distended when you are not eating. It fills with bile and then, when you eat, it empties. This is not a problem. It is normal physiology. The problem happens when your gb is obstructed by a stone or inflammation and cannot empty. This can lead to infection and severe pain, fevers, etc. If you have no stones on ultrasound you may need a hida to see how ur gb empties. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends on the cause: Kidney "swelling" is another term for hydronephrosis. Tis condition can only be diagnosed by an x-ray (typically a ct, mri, or ultrasound). If the swelling represents true obstruction and there is kidney function loss because of that blockage - surgery is indicated to restore good drainage and preserve function. Tis can often be accomplished by minimally invasive surgery. ...Read more
Solutes precipitate and combine to form stones formed of calcium oxalate usually around a nidus of uric acid. Other solutes that form stones are ca and mg phosphates, cystine, and uric acid staghorn calculi form in the presence of chronic urinary tract infections. Stones can be painful, may require ...Read more
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