Doctor insights on:
What Is The Cause Of Coronary Artery Disease
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Chest pain: Symptoms from coronary artery disease (CAD) can vary. The most common is angina and can include chest pain as well as pain in the arm, jaw, or abdomen. The pain typically gets worse with activity and better with rest. Shortness of breath can also develop, especially as the heart muscle begins to weaken from inadequate blood flow. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Genes and lifestyle: Coronary thrombus is a clot in an artery that feeds the heart. Anything that damages or roughens the lining of the blood vessels could result in clot formation, such as elevated cholesterol and hypertension. Risk factors include family history of heart disease, being male, increasing age, elevated cholesterol or ldl, obesity, smoking, and being sedentary. ...Read more
Cholesterol plaques: Atherosclerosis literally means "hardening of the arteries" which is caused by plaques or buildup of cholesterol along with immune cells and scar tissue inside the walls of blood vessels. This can occur in any blood vessel in the body, including the aorta, which is the large artery that delivers blood out to the body from the heart. ...Read more
Several: There are a number of risk factors that lead to plaque in the coronary arteries which is the reason for the blockage. Some of these are smoking, high blood pressure, unhealthy diet, an abnormally high cholesterol, lack of exercise, and obesity. There are also hereditary factors. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Different than adult: The type of heart disease seen in teenagers is different from that seen in adults. Some problems are congenital (born with them) that only become apparent in the teenage years. Some common diagnoses include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis (viral infection), pericarditis, and marfan syndrome. There are variety of congenital metabolic disorders which are uncommon such as glycogen-storage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Another idea: Narrowing of coronary arteries usually is a result of atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque on the arterial walls. It is the long term effect of inflammation, cholesterol and aspects of lifestyle. If someone is motivated to change exercise habits, stress levels and diet, investigate the insurers- and medicare-approved program of dr. Dean ornish (www.Pmri.Org). It's work but can reverse this. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Peripheral Artery : The symptoms can include pain, numbness, weakness, wounds, gangrene, or slow healing of the affected extremity. The most common early sign is claudication, which is defined as muscle discomfort or cramping brought on by exercise & relieved with rest. Chronic pain in the leg or foot, often a achiness or burning, is also common. Get testing w/ ultrasound or blood pressures of the legs by vascular MD ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Lifestyle: There are risk factors you can't control, like family history and diseases you've had that put you at risk. Most of the risk factors are within your control, such as diet and exercise to keep you LDL low and your HDL high. Discuss preventive measures with your doctor as everyone can benefit from this, get regular checkups and blood tests to help plan prevention. Do not smoke or take drugs. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
They are related: But the technical difference would be related to whether the blockages in the arteries (coronary disease) are causing the heart to get less blood flow and oxygen than it needs to function properly (ischemic disease). You can have coronary disease without ischemia, but other than unusual conditions, it's less likely to have ischemia without coronary disease. ...Read more
Blood flow limited: It means that the heart muscle is not getting enough blood flow to meet its metabolic demands to carry out the required activities. This usually connotes a narrowing ("blockage") in one of the major coronary arteries that supplies heart muscle with blood, and hence oxygen. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Arterioclerosis: Arteriosclerosis or plaque buildup in the wall of the coronary arteries will narrow the lumen to the point where there is flow restriction, then clot formation. The plaque may rupture, allowing a flap-like effect, blocking the lumen, resulting in clot formation. Trauma may cause a separation of the layers of the wall, and this dissection results in clot formation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
The leading cause of death and disability in adults in the U.S. It develops when lipid (fatty) plaques builds up in the arteries, thereby stopping blood flow to the organ supplied by that artery. If the artery supplies the heart, blockage causes a heart attack. If the blockage is in a brain vessel, the ...Read more
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