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Doctor insights on: What Is The Benefits Of Having The Heart Enclosed In A Sac That Has Pericardium

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What is the benefits of having the heart enclosed in a sac that has pericardium?

What is the benefits of having the heart enclosed in a sac that has pericardium?

Many : The pericardium isolates the heart from surrounding organs, prevents the heart from over expanding when blood volume increases, limits heart motion, and keeps a small amount of fluid around the heart that severs as a lubricant which reduces friction with surrounding tissue as the heart beats. ...Read more

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Pericardium (Definition)

The thin tissue layer forming a sack around the heart ...Read more


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What is the worst area of the heart to have a mod-large pericardial effusion?

What is the worst area of the heart to have a mod-large pericardial  effusion?

Pericardial effusion: There is no particular area as almost all effusions affect the heart function. However, that being said the worst would be any restriction on ventricular function. ...Read more

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Is there a condition when the right side of ur heart is larger than the left assuming the heart is normal in thickness and there is abnormal septal m?

Is there a condition when the right side of ur heart is larger than the left assuming the heart is normal in thickness and there is abnormal septal m?

Not normal: It happens but it's not normal. A pressure or volume overload state in the pulmonary circuit or in the right heart structures can produce enlargement of the right ventricle, elevated pulmonary artery pressure, and abnormal septal motion. There is also an idiopathic condition that can do this. If your right heart is truly enlarged, you need a full cardio-pulmonary evaluation. ...Read more

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What are the effects of having a hole in the heart?

What are the effects of having a hole in the heart?

Hole in heart: Not enough room here, short inadequate answer is atrial or ventricular septal defects(holes)cause left to right shunting till bad things happen. For atrial the right heart gets overloaded and eventually pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure happen. For ventricular septal defect, left heart is overloaded and left heart failure and sometimes both sided failure occurs eventually. Oversimple ...Read more

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What is the relationship of a heart murmur to a hole in the heart in a child?

What is the relationship of a heart murmur to a hole in the heart in a child?

A heart murmur...: ....Is an extra sound the heart makes, nothing more. Sometimes it means something is wrong (like a hole), and other times it does not. Children may have meaningless, "benign" heart murmurs with fever, dehydration, or at different ages. A hole in the heart is one of many possible causes of a murmur. It might be a tiny hole that closes on it's own, or it might be one that needs to be fixed. ...Read more

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If someone has a hole in their heart, what is the name of the condition?

If someone has a hole in their heart, what is the name of the condition?

Hole in heart: The congenital conditions of atrial and ventricular septal defects are the commonest causes of 'hole in the heart'. Other causes include heart attack, trauma and rarer congenital heart diseases. ...Read more

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My physician said that enlarged heart is typically found in left side of heart. Mine is on the right. Is there a substantial difference?

Dr. Jesus Yap Dr. Yap
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My physician said that enlarged heart is typically found in left side of heart. Mine is on the right. Is there a substantial difference?

Yes: Enlargement of the right side of the heart is often due to abnormalities on the left side of the heart. Isolated enlargement of the right heart is uncommon and usually cause by a congenital heart disease such as a shunt, chronic lung disease , or high pressure in the lung circulation( pulmonary hypertension) the latter common in women. ...Read more

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What is the disease when there is a hole in the heart?

What is the disease when there is a hole in the heart?

Hole in heart: The congenital conditions of atrial and ventricular septal defects are the commonest causes of 'hole in the heart'. Other causes include heart attack, trauma and rarer congenital heart diseases. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for a hole in the heart of new born baby?

What is the treatment for a hole in the heart of new born baby?

Depends: Most of them are just physiological and will go away with a time. Some of them need an observation only, some of them would require surgical intervention. Your doctor with cardiologist will tell. ...Read more

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What is the part of the embryo that is actually in contact with the uterine wall of the mother?

What is the part of the embryo that is actually in contact with the uterine wall of the mother?

Trophoblast.: The part of the conception (not the embryo) that interfaces with the mother's uterine lining (decidua) is called trophoblast and evolves into the placenta as the pregnancy advances. ...Read more

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Why is there a large valve at the start of the aorta where it joins with the left ventricle?

Why is there a large valve at the start of the aorta where it joins with the left ventricle?

Aortic valve: If there isn't a valve to keep the blood from sloshing back into the left ventricle when the left ventricle relaxes, the systemic blood flow will be compromised and the left ventricle will be volume overloaded. This is what happens with severe major aortic valve insufficiency. ...Read more

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Is being born with the heart on the right side of the body harmful in any medically or unusual way?

Is being born with the heart on the right side of the body harmful in any medically or unusual way?

It depends...: By itself, having the heart on the right side (dextrocardia) is not harmful. However, about 30-40% of individuals with dextrocardia also have other heart problems, some of which can be dangerous if not treated properly. In addition, a fraction of people with dextrocardia also have have a condition called kartagener's syndrome, which can cause lung disease, sinusitis and infertility in men. ...Read more

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What is the difference between the symptoms of pericarditis (that develops rapidly over the course of an hour) and a heart attack?

What is the difference between the symptoms of pericarditis (that develops rapidly over the course of an hour) and a heart attack?

Different: Pericarditis is worse with deep breath/cough. It hurts to shake your chest like the slap of your foot on the pavement when walking. It's worse lying on your back & better sitting forward. Heart attack can mimic this because some heart attacks have associated pericarditis, but in general, they feel different: heart attack usually is a squeezing, tight central feeling without change for hours. ...Read more

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What is the medical name for a heart that is situated touching the back and ribs?

What is the medical name for a heart that is situated touching the back and ribs?

Big heart: never heard of a term for that but I'll give you a few anyway since the question has been here a long time: cardiomegaly, cordis Maximus, cordis Maximus anteroposteriensis, Good luck ...Read more

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What are the chances of survival in fat embolism. If it has occurred in brain and blood is entering lungs.

What are the chances of survival in fat embolism. If it has occurred in brain and blood is entering lungs.

Why's blood in lungs: Forget about the fat embolism here for a moment. This person has a bigger problem which is "blood ENTERING the lungs." What's that all about? Not from the fat embolism. So if we're talking major trauma and the lungs have blood in them....then, all hands on deck to stop that disaster first. The fat embolism will have to wait. ...Read more

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Once the pericradial fuid is removed through cath proceduer are there any chances of small amount of fluid being left over if yes what is the nextstep?

Once the pericradial fuid is removed through cath proceduer are there any chances of small amount of fluid being left over if yes what is the nextstep?

Doctors will check: Doctors will check for re-accumulation of new fluid, which can happen if the original problem that caused the fluid is still active. Hopefully, the original problem is going away, so that new fluid will not build up and need to be removed again. ...Read more