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Doctor insights on: What Is Surgical Repair Of A Heart Valve Called

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Dr. Jeffrey Wint
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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What is surgical repair of a damaged ureter called?

What is surgical repair of a damaged ureter called?

Ureteroplasty: if surgery confined to ureter between kidney & bladder or or ureteral reimplant if end of damaged ureter is removed & ureter above damaged area reimplanted into the bladder. Sometimes so called "Boari flap" of bladder is used to bridge a gap between end of damaged ureter & bladder &/or Psoas hitch to remove tension from ureter. ...Read more

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What is surgical repair of a damaged ureter called?

What is surgical repair of a damaged ureter called?

Ureteroplasty: if surgery confined to ureter between kidney & bladder or or ureteral reimplant if end of damaged ureter is removed & ureter above damaged area reimplanted into the bladder. Sometimes so called "Boari flap" of bladder is used to bridge a gap between end of damaged ureter & bladder &/or Psoas hitch to remove tension from ureter. ...Read more

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What is the role of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement surgery?

What is the role of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement surgery?

If needed: A small percentage of patients require post op pacemakers after aortic valve surgery. It usually does not cause any problems. ...Read more

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What is the risk of death during a heart valve surgery?

What is the risk of death during a heart valve surgery?

This question cannot: be answered over the internet because it is a complex issue. It depends on the valve, the nature of the valvular abnormality, your general health the presence of other heart problems, the anesthesia used and the skills of the surgeon. Every surgeon will give you his experience and numbers specific for your case. ...Read more

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What is the significance of a heart valve tendon?

What is the significance of a heart valve tendon?

Heart strings: Cord like tendons that connect the papillary muscle to the tricuspid and mitral valve. By relaxing during atrial systole blood pass to the ventricle and contracting during ventricular systole and preventing the prolapse of the valves. ...Read more

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What percentage of obstruction a heart surgery is recomended?

What percentage of obstruction a heart surgery is recomended?

50% or greater: Blockage of 50% or more in an artery in the presence of symptoms or evidence of lack of adequate blood flow is necessary before recommending bypass surgery. ...Read more

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What is a replacement of the aortic valve?

What is a replacement of the aortic valve?

AVR: Exactly what it says. If there is a problem with the aortic valve (between left ventricle and aorta) (either narrowed -stenotic- or leaking -insufficient) it can be surgically replaced. It can be replaced with a mechanical "metal" or tissue valve "pig valve". ...Read more

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What is the possibility of future cardiac intervention once mitral valve replaced(mechanical)?

What is the possibility of future cardiac intervention once mitral valve replaced(mechanical)?

No different: It's no differenct than someone whose mitral valve hasn't been replaced. If you need something to be done and your general health is otherwise okay, it should be done. Naturally, one would prefer to avoid a second open chest surgery, so percutaneous approaches are first considerations, but redos are possible. ...Read more

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What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

Pacemaker and AVR: After an aortic valve replacement the pacemaker works the same way to keep the heart from going too slow. Sometimes with aortic valve disease the conduction system gets damaged because it is close to the valve, and the patient needs a pacemaker. ...Read more

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What is surgical repair of the ureter called?

What is surgical repair of the ureter called?

Ureteroplasty: if surgery confined to ureter between kidney & bladder or or ureteral reimplant if end of damaged ureter is removed & ureter above damaged area reimplanted into the bladder. Sometimes so called "Boari flap" of bladder is used to bridge a gap between end of damaged ureter & bladder &/or Psoas hitch to remove tension from ureter. ...Read more

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What is the process of an open heart surgery?

Heart Surgery: Open heart surgery can mean CABG (bypass surgery), valve surgery, and more. Each process is quite different and complicated. In many cases, the patient receives their anesthesia, the chest is opened and prepared, and the patient is put on a heart lung bypass machine and the surgery is performed, followed by reversal of the steps. In many cases, the surgery can occur while the heart is beating, too. ...Read more

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What is the pathogenesis of a mitral valve prolapse ?

What is the pathogenesis of a mitral valve prolapse ?

Myxomatous change: Mitral valve prolapse is due to the mitral valve tissue being slightly redundant. Often this is related to slight thickening of the tissue and stretching of the chords that guide how far the valve moves. Sometimes the valve leaks, other times not. In may cases this is completely benign. Sometimes people feel their heart skip. ...Read more

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What is the success rate of aortic valve repair?

What is the success rate of aortic valve repair?

Aortic valve surgery: Aortic valves are replaced. Mitral valves are repaired if possible, otherwise replaced. The success rates are very high in a typical pt. If bypass surgery is needed or if the pt has alot of other comorbid condtions then risks go up and success rates go down. Over all in low risk pts the rates of success are in excess of 95%. ...Read more

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Which is a good hospital to have a surgery of the mitral valve with a minimally invasive method?

Several options: There are many excellent surgeons doing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery both with and without the davinci robotic system. Finding the right surgeon that you feel comfortable with and trust is more important than the specific hospital. ...Read more

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What is a sticky heart valve called?

What is a sticky heart valve called?

Heart valve: We don't use the terminology 'sticky heart valve'. You may mean a stenotic valve. ...Read more

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What is the procedure of a transesophageal echocardiogram?

What is the procedure of a transesophageal echocardiogram?

TEE: Transesophageal echocardiogram is an ultrasound examination of the heart. The esophagus lives right behind the heart, so if an ultrasound transducer is placed inside the esophagus, a technologist or cardiologist can get a very nice window to look at the heart. ...Read more

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I have tetralogy of fallout. Is a heart valve replacement is necessary?

Case specific: If your cardiologist and cardiac surgeon advised you to replace a valve obviously it is necessary based on their knowledge of your case. Without actually studying your echo, cardiac cath hemodynamic data, can not have an opinion about your valve issues. ...Read more