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What Is Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis
Prophylaxis: This is antibiotic therapy given before a procedure which may induce bacteria into the blood stream in a patient with pre-existing heart valve abnormalities. There is very little evidence outside of some animal studies to suggest the efficacy of this, but it is often used because the doctor believes it is effective, or in fear of subsequent litigation if they fail to do so. ...Read more
When a bacteria gets in the bloodstream, there is a chance of attaching to a heart valve. This is called endocarditis. If this happens, the bacteria can grow, causing lesions called vegetations to appear which can break off and plug small blood vessels in the hand, foot, or brain. The bacterial growth can also cause the valve to leak. If this is significant, valve ...Read more
Heart infection: Subacute infective endocarditis is an infection of the endocardial surface (lining) of the heart, which may include heart valves, the walls, or a septal defect. People at greatest risk of endocarditis have a damaged heart valve, an artificial heart valve or other heart defects. Iv drug abusers are at great risk. Symptoms may be vague and diagnosis is often delayed. Treatment is essential. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Can you advise me if having piercings with a prosthetic heart valve. subacute bacterial endocarditis?
No clear guidelines: Prosthetic valve indicates increased risk of endocarditis. Even under current, stricter AHA guidelines, you would need SBE prophylaxis before high-risk procedures, like dental cleaning/extractions, tonsillectomy, I&D of abscesses. No clear data about body piercings, so different MDs have different approaches. Discuss with your MD, but clean the area very well & care for the site after. Take care! ...Read more
Not sure of question: Symptoms in SBE can be quite variable, but typically reflect a slow or indolent course, as opposed to acute endocarditis, with symptoms evolving over weeks. Systemic complaints are common, like fever, chills, poor appetite, weight loss, malaise, headache, muscle aches, night sweats, cough, or joint pains. Cardiac sxs may include dizziness, shortness of breath, swelling or edema. ...Read more
No: Sbe comes about from bacteria in the circulation lodging in a blood stream dead space in the heart usually due to valvular dysfunction or congenital abnormalities of cardiac surface. They then proliferate in that nutrient rich space can shed bacteria into the brain, eye and other parts of the body. The glass in question would have to be infected and your body have an opening for that infection. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Why does subacute bacterial endocarditis may give embolic manifestation but not in acute rheumatic fever?
Debris breaks off : Rheumatic fever is a misguided attack on your heart by your own immune system. Rheumatic fever creates damage that can cause susceptiblity to endocarditis. In bacterial endocarditis, colonies of bacteria develop on a heart valve or other intravascular structure. Clumps of bacteria, infection fighting cells or other debris can break off and travel through the body. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
AHA Guidelines: The aha (american heart association) has the latest guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis to help prevent subacute bacterial endocarditis. The indications for premedication underwent revision and changed several years ago, and most dentists and surgeons follow the aha guidelines. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Very: Infective endocarditis is always a very serious illness. It requires lengthy treatment with one or more antibiotics, may require surgery, and complications are numerous. A good infectious diseases expert can manage these, minimizing morbidity and mortality. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
A heart infection...: ...Usually involving a bacteria (or sometimes a fungus) which attach to diseased or artificial heart valves. The bacteria usually get into the bloodstream from dental or other surgical procedures, but may enter through an inadvertent event. This is a very serious infection, requiring hospitalization, and often weeks of intravenous antibiotics. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
...Usually involving a bacteria (or sometimes a fungus) which attach to diseased or artificial heart valves. The bacteria usually get into the bloodstream from dental or other surgical procedures, but may enter through an inadvertent event. This is a very serious infection, requiring hospitalization, and often ...Read more
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