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Doctor insights on: What Is Stage 4 Cancer

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What are stage 4 cancer treatment options?

What are stage 4 cancer treatment options?

Depends: Depends on type, but most often some sort of chemotherapy is used. Today there are many new "targeted therapies" that turn off specific things in the cancer cells that make them grow that might be used instead of chemo. Some stage IV cancers are treated with immunotherapy. Surgery or radiation may be used to focus on problem spots that are resistant to the other treatments. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,369 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What is stage four cancer?

What is stage four cancer?

Cancer spread: There are 4 stages of cancer. Stage 4 means the cancer has spread from the starting organ into another organ. Examples: breast cancer into bone, colon cancer into liver. Stage 4 cancers are usually not cured surgically and often require chemotherapy. The goal of treating stage 4 cancer is to prolong life and ease suffering. Rarely some stage 4 cancers are cured...Think lance armstrong! ...Read more

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What is stage 4 liver cancer?

What is stage 4 liver cancer?

Metastasis: It means that the cancer has migrated to other organs or sites in the body. Systematic treatment (chemo) since surgical resection or transplant is no longer an option. ...Read more

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What does stage 4 colon cancer mean?

What does stage 4 colon cancer mean?

It has spread: Stage 4 colon cancer involves spread to distant organs; commonly it spreads to the liver, lungs, bones, abdomen cavity. Though these patients can have long-term survival for years in most cases it is incurable. ...Read more

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What does stage 4 uterine cancer mean?

What does stage 4 uterine cancer mean?

Spread to other area: Stage 4 means that the cancer has spread to the bladder and/or bowel (4a) or it has spread to other parts of the body beyond the pelvis (4b). ...Read more

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What characterizes stage 4 brain cancer?

What characterizes stage 4 brain cancer?

Brain cancer: In general, Stage 4 means distant spread to other organs other than the organ where the tumor started (lung cancer that spreads to brain, would be Stage 4 Lung Cancer). There are 4 stages, so Stage 4 is the most extensive degree of spread, unfortunately. Primary brain tumors are not staged, because they rarely spread. Prognosis is based on age, location, histology, functional status, extent, etc ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of stage 4 cancer non hodgkins lymphoma b cell with walderstoms IgM protein 4000?

What is the prognosis of stage 4 cancer non hodgkins lymphoma b cell with walderstoms IgM protein 4000?

Fairly good: We have good treatments for nonhodgkins lymphoma such that a fairly large proportion of patients are cured and can live a normal life. At least we can keep them alive for many years with the use of chemotherapy along with a biologic agent/immunotherapy drug called rituximab. ...Read more

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What is stage 4 biliary tree cancer?

What is stage 4 biliary tree cancer?

It is widespread.: Staging across cancers can be complex, but stage IV usually means it has spread. This website is a nice place to learn about cholangiocarcinoma (another term for biliary tree cancer): http://www.Macmillan.Org.Uk/cancerinformation/cancertypes/bileduct/bileductcancer.Aspx. ...Read more

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What's longest live stage 4 renal cancer?

What's longest live stage 4 renal cancer?

Variable: There are many types of renal cancer, with different outcomes. As your are 37 years old, renal cell carcinoma may be the type you are most interested in. Although not common, some individuals with stage 4 renal cell carcinoma have had prolonged (many years) of good quality life after diagnosis. I would recommend discussion with an oncologist about options for treatment. ...Read more

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What actually makes stage 4 colon cancer terminal ? Is it organ failure ?

What actually makes stage 4 colon cancer terminal ? Is it organ failure ?

Varies widely with: the individual yet correct, one of more organ system functions become so compromised that staying alive becomes increasingly fragile and any number of otherwise easily handled variables result in death. Additionally, with awareness of ?ing debility, decreasing options, often pain with very advanced disease, the internal will to live fades & dying appears the better option. ...Read more

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What is the stage 4 bone cancer life expectancy?

What is the stage 4 bone cancer life expectancy?

Depends on a lot of: Factors, like the bone involved, type of cancer, treatments so far received, and where has it spread, whether the treatments are working or not. Your oncologist and his team (like the radiologist) might be able to give your more precise answers, as they'll have explanations for all these factors. Good luck. ...Read more

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
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What is the stage 4 lung cancer average survival rate?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
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What is the stage 4 lung cancer average survival rate?

Survival : Only god knows how long we are going to live and when we are going to die. Having said that, at least based on studies we have on average - 15 months would be the average survival rate. It could be shorter or longer than that. With better understanding about the biology of the cancer and the use of newer biological agents in the appropriate case- survival would be longer hopefully. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for stage 4 cancer?

What is the treatment for stage 4 cancer?

Varied: A number of different approaches used depending on the nature of the tumor and the extent of spread. The main goal for solid tumors is reducing tumor mass preferably by surgery. Radiation is next employed especially if the mass is lymphoid Then chemo is utilized. The smaller the mass is at the time of systemic therapy the better the response. Some metastatic lesions respond to immunochemo. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is stage 4 terminal primary brain cancer?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is stage 4 terminal primary brain cancer?

I assume: I assume that you are referring to a grade 4 tumor - we don't really stage brain tumors like other cancers. We classify them by grade. Grade 4 typically refers to a glioblastoma, which is a very aggressive primary brain tumor with very poor surival rates. Most patients unfortunately die from their disease within 2 years. ...Read more

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Going for 2nd opinion on Small lump and imaging. 30 yrs old. Fibrocystic breast. Very scared. What is chance if cAncer stage 4?

Going for 2nd opinion on Small lump and imaging. 30 yrs old. Fibrocystic breast. Very scared. What is chance if cAncer stage 4?

Deep breaths,Hold On: Of course at your age, breast cancer is common, and with "lumpy" breast, you may find yourself going for repeat imaging often in your life. To this and many patients I say, please complete the work up. Stage IV means that it has spread everywhere, which is a rarity at your age. Have faith and hold on! ...Read more

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What are the four stages of cancer?

What are the four stages of cancer?

Cancer stages 0-5: In general there are 5 stages - each cancer has its own staging system Stage 0 - precancerous - has not spread to nearby tissues Stage I - In general is a small cancer and has not grown deeply into nearby tissues Stage II - In general is larger or has grown more deeply in nearby tissues, may involve lymph nodes Stage III - Like stage II but even more advanced Stage IV - Has spread to other organs ...Read more

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What are symptoms of stage four cancer?

What are symptoms of stage four cancer?

Depends: Each common cancer has a staging system depending on how far it has spread, and in turn, the symptoms depend on exactly where the tumor has spread and what it's doing. There's no telling. A stage IV lung cancer in the liver will behave much differently than a stage IV lung cancer in the chest wall. ...Read more

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How bad is stage 4 cancer?

How bad is stage 4 cancer?

Verybad: Stage IV of what organ ? In general it is end stage terminal cancer , how ever some cancers like lymphomas , testicular tumors etc when detected late will respond well to chemotherapy. ...Read more

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Can stage 4 cancer mean u will die soon?

Not necessarily: Stage 4 cancer is a late stage cancer which has spread inside the body. But the survival is quite varied and it depends on which type of cancer it is. For many cancers we have good treatments and patients can live for several months to several years. Cancers like colon, breast and kidney can be controlled for 2-5 years even in stage 4. Others can be fatal over a period of few months. ...Read more