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Doctor insights on: What Is Rubella Caused By

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What causes rubella?

What causes rubella?

Single viral strain: Rubella is caused by a virus with only 1 known strain & humans as the only known source. Infection is passed by contact with infected fluid on surfaces or in the air from a sneeze or cough. Immunization has reduced the case numbers when used, but is not 100% efective after 1 dose. Ease of international travel & transmission during incubation results in clusters of new cases every year. ...Read more

Dr. Peter Bernstein
245 doctors shared insights

Rubella (Definition)

Rubella is generally a benign communicable exanthematous disease. The major complication of rubella is its teratogenic effects when pregnant women contract the disease, especially in the early weeks of gestation. Because of the successful immunization program in the US since 1969, rubella infection and congenital rubella syndrome ...Read more


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What is congenital rubella syndrome? What causes it?

What is congenital rubella syndrome? What causes it?

Congenital Rubella: Syndrome occurs when a woman contracts Rubella (German measles) during pregnancy and it is passed on to the fetus, leading to certain eye, heart, hearing or neurologic abnormalities after birth and lung, growth, bone, liver, skin and blood abnormalities in utero. It is important that any woman of child bearing age make sure they are immune and if not, get vaccinated to prevent this syndrome. ...Read more

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Can rubella in early pregnancy cause baby to have spina bifida ?

Unlikely : The neural tube defects are considered a random event and are present by ~ 28 days into the pregnancy. Rubella that occurs this early in pregnancy would more likely cause fetal loss, although a heart and eye defects would also be possible. ...Read more

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Can rubella vaccine cause viral mengitis 3 months later?

No: To my knowledge, this has never been reported. Possibly one of the other physicians on this panel may know otherwise. ...Read more

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What would cause someone to not have sufficient titers to rubella during prenatal blood work but was immunized?Immune deficiency?

What would cause someone to not have sufficient titers to rubella during prenatal blood work but was immunized?Immune deficiency?

Not uncommon: Many do show up as lacking in a "protective level" of antibody on prenatal blood work but had the vaccine in childhood. There is some question whether the protective level is set too high, and the person is immune, but risk may remain.Since the damage of rubella can be so severe, most go ahead and get a booster to be sure. ...Read more

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Can the rubella vaccine cause autism? I’ve heard stories about the MMR vaccine, which includes rubella, can cause autism or other problems. Is there any evidence that this could be true?

Can the rubella vaccine cause autism? I’ve heard stories about the MMR vaccine, which includes rubella, can cause
autism or other problems. Is there any evidence that this could be true?

In : In 1998, a doctor by the name of andrew wakefield published a study in the lancet journal implicating a relationship between the MMR vaccine and autism. Wakefield's study was found to be fraudulent, the data was manipulated and the study was retracted by the lancet in 2004. Dr. Wakefield even had his medical license revoked for unethical practices. After this study was published in 1998, it spurred tons of research looking in to whether the relationship between vaccines and autism could be true. There have been well over 100 large-scale studies and evidence reviews looking at the relationship between vaccines and autism and every single one of those studies has shown that vaccines (including the mmr) do not cause autism. Below, i've linked to 3 websites that discuss this controversy and the research involved in-depth. I will also add that i vaccinated my own child on the schedule recommended by the center for disease control and american academy of pediatrics without any hesitation. ...Read more

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Can you die from rubella?

Almost never: However, it is several days of misery, and if you are pregnant, it is likely that your unborn child will end up blind and/or deaf and/or seriously deformed and/or mentally handicapped. Before immunization, when one girl in a community came down with "german measles", all the other girls would be invited to a slumber party with her in hopes they'd catch it and thus be immune. ...Read more

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How can rubella be controlled?

How can rubella be controlled?

Immunize: The rubella vaccine is safe and very effective. This measure alone has grossly reduced rubella cases in the US, encourage everyone to immunize. ...Read more

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What does rubella reactive means?

Immunity: It means you've had rubella or the vaccine and cannot be infected. ...Read more

Dr. Heidi Fowler
189 doctors shared insights

German Measles (Definition)

German measles, also called rubella, is a viral infection that often causes a rash spreading from the face to the rest of the body, as well as fever, headache, and runny nose. Infection during pregnancy can cause severe birth defects or ...Read more