Doctor insights on:
What Is Prophylaxis
What's the likelihood of long term antibiotic prophylaxis resulting in pulmonary fibrosis with Nitrofurantoin? Mom's getting sequentially recurrentuti
Pulmonary fibrosis: Pulmonary fibrosis due to nitrofurantoin is rare, about less than 1% reported in literature, but risk increases with age of patient and other medical condition. Symptoms may start to develop after 6 months of treatment. Usually fatigue, dry cough and shortness of breath without fever. Stop the nitrofurantoin if these symptoms develop and see a physician immediately ...Read more
Endocarditis: Sbe stands for subacute bacterial endocarditis. It can occur in patients who have a very leaky valve in the heart (mitral valve) causing a back flow (called regurgitation) across the valve. During a dental cleaning, bacteria from the mouth may travel through the blood and seed such a valve, cause bacterial endocarditis. To prevent this, antibiotics are prescribed for these folks before cleaning. ...Read more
Prevention of hiv: One can be infected by HIV if stuck by an infected needle; however studies have shown that if highly active anti-retroviral (haart)medication is taken within 36 hours of exposure to the HIV virus through needle stick and/or body fluid or any bloody fluid, the risk of contracting the disease is dramatically decrease when haart is taken as prophilaxis (prevention). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Food, H2O precautions: Travelers diarrhea is due to bacteria in water, uncooked foods, salads & fruits in developing countries; avoiding these will reduce the risk. Prescription medications for short term travelers may minimize diarrhea in certain circumstances. Prescriptions for self treament are sometimes given. Always get pre-travel advise, medications and vaccines from your pcp or infectious disease md. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the ideal prophylaxis for plasmodium falciparum malaria at the hilly areas of eastern belt of bangladesh especially chittogang hill tracts?
Migraines?: If you are taking ergotamine, then someone has likely determined that your attacks are migraines. Migraines are a very common problem, but their cause is not entirely understood. There are many over-the-counter and prescription medications that may be helpful for migraine prophylaxis. Discuss your options with your doctor. ...Read more
Traveling to 4 places in India (New Delhi, Agra, Jaipur & Ratambore) what do you recommend for prophylaxis? Thank you.
The best way to get: Precise advice about this is to call your local Health Dept and ask about a traveler's clinic in your area. In general, routine immunizations recommended for North America should be up to date with strong consideration given to also receiving hepatitis A, typhoid, perhaps hepatitis B.Also, based on your itinerary Japanese encephalitis and rabies vaccines and malaria prophylaxis. Go to Travel Clinic ...Read more
Prophylaxis: This is antibiotic therapy given before a procedure which may induce bacteria into the blood stream in a patient with pre-existing heart valve abnormalities. There is very little evidence outside of some animal studies to suggest the efficacy of this, but it is often used because the doctor believes it is effective, or in fear of subsequent litigation if they fail to do so. ...Read more
What is meant by "professional prophylaxis " to treat tooth discoloration. My teeth are cleaned every 6 months but brown stain remains.?
Bacterial endocardit: Sbe stands for subacute bacterial endocarditis. Infection on the heart valve. People who have abnormal (or artificial) heart valves may need antibiotic before certain medical procedures to kill bacterial that enter the bloodstream and may stick onto and infect the abnormal heart valve. ...Read more
??? Indication: It would have helped to know what it was being used for? Was it for a procedure or for surgery? Once a patient is fully ambulatory there would be no indication for lovenox (enoxaparin), (enoxaparin)so to answer your question, it is quite possible to use it for prophylaxis for one day. In high risk patients with limited ambulatory capacity though, evaluation would be needed after the surgery/procedure to discontinue lovenox (enoxaparin) ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is psyllium husk safe to take as prophylaxis for a long time? Or should it only be used for acute problems?
How can I obtain malaria prophylaxis as soon as possible? I am traveling to a malaria-affected part of the world.
Doctor: You need to see a doctor or go to the health department to get a prescription. ...Read more
More than Likely: Malaria medication & insect repellent, secure window screens, possible bed netting for malaria risk year round throughout country including cities of delhi and bombay), except altitudes > 6561 ft in himachal, jammu, kashmir, pradesh, or sikkim. Most malaria cases reported from forested madhya pradesh, maharashtra, orissa, gujarat, rajasthan, bihar, & karnataka. Also risks of dengue, chikungunya. ...Read more
Still working on it: Not out yet, the medicine you are looking for ...Read more
It depends: Great question. It really depends on two factors: 1. The severity of the reactions, and 2. The frequency of the reactions. When the reactions become too severe and/or too frequent, prophylactic treatment is recommended. Now, what does too severe/frequent mean? It depends on the person. Ultimately, when the reactions impact a patient's daily life, it's time to consider prophylaxis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer