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Doctor insights on: What Is Portal Hypertension

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What is portal hypertension?

What is portal hypertension?

Portal hypertension: This is an obstructive condition of the venous outflow from the liver, often associated with cirrhosis. It causes abdominal distension and fluid leak into the legs and abdomen. ...Read more

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Dr. Sandra Lora Cremers
324 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Definition)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to ...Read more


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What is pulmonary hypertension?

What is pulmonary hypertension?

See below: Normal pulmonary artery pressure (pap) in a person living at sea level has mean value of 12-16 mm of hg.Pulmonary hypertension is present when mean pa pressure is above25 mm of hg at rest or 30 mm of hg with exercise! ...Read more

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How is Portal Hypertension diagnosed? is there specific Blood work for it? Does Nash causes Portal Hypertension?

Clarify ?: Portal hypertension is a function of the liver being diseased and poorly functioning, it's diagnosis requires ultrasound and nuclear scanning techniques to measure function, and a good clinical doctor that can detect liver disease before it gets bad ...Read more

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What exactly is pulmonary hypertension?

What exactly is pulmonary hypertension?

High BP in the lungs: High blood pressure (BP) in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (ph) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah). Pah is a chronic and life-changing disease that can lead to right heart failure if left untreated. ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

What is hypertension?

Elevated BP: Hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90 (either value). Normal BP is considered 120/80 with pre-hypertension as 120-140/80-90. For pre-hypertension recommendations include improved diet (low salt) and exercise with consideration of an anti-hypertensive medication. Hypertension can lead to problems such as heart attack and stroke and usually does not cause any symptoms. ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

High blood pressure: For an adult, a blood pressure of >135 systolic (the top number) or >85 (the bottom number), when taken at rest and averaged over multiple readings at different times, is considered to be high or "hypertensive.". ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

Persistent elevation: of resting BP above 140/90 is what most doctors use to define hypertension. We usually require three readings at three different dates before diagnosing the disorder. ...Read more

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What is secondary hypertension?

What is secondary hypertension?

Secondary to another: Medical condition. Most hypertension is called essential or primary hypertension . Not caused by another medical condition. Conditions that cause hypertension include but are not limited to tumors called pheochromacytomas , cushing's disease or syndrome, renal disease and renal artery stenosis. There are many other conditions that can cause high blood pressure . ...Read more

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What is intercranial hypertension?

What is intercranial hypertension?

Intracranial HTN: Intracranial hypertension means that the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull is too high. Brain has the fluid inside and is also surrounded by the fluid. Since the skull is closed any increase in this fluid will cause the pressure to go up. This is very serious. Intracranial hypertension in adults is generally defined as intracranial pressure that reaches 250mmh2o or above. ...Read more

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What is danger of primary pulmonary hypertension?

What is danger of primary pulmonary hypertension?

Life-threatening: Untreated, it can be fatal. There are many factors that influence survival such as age, sex, presence of heart failure, etc. Thus, it is best not to make a general statement before a thorough evaluation. The key is early evaluation and treatment. ...Read more

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What is portal hypertension with enlargement of main portal vein with presence of perisplenic and perigastric variceals? How serious is this?

What is portal hypertension with enlargement of main portal vein with presence of perisplenic and perigastric variceals?   How serious is this?

Has risk: Portal hypertension is the elevation of porta pressure. May occur in liver cirrhosis. Varices are dilation of vessels making them susceptible to bleeding. Alcohol should be avoided and beta blockers may be helpful in reducing portal pressure. ...Read more

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What is the difference between arterial hypertension and pulmonary hypertension?

What is the difference between arterial hypertension and pulmonary hypertension?

Peripheral vs Lung: Systemic arterial hypertension or just regular hypertension is elevated pressure in aorta or peripheral circulation (arms, legs). Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries in the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension usually has different causes, prognosis and much different treatment than systemic arterial hypertension. ...Read more

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What is hypertensive nephrosclerosis? What causes it?

What is hypertensive nephrosclerosis? What causes it?

Kidney damage: Hypertensive nephrosclerosis refers to damage to the kidneys caused by high b.p. Persistent hypertension can cause glomerulosclerosis where the filtering units of the kidney are progressively destroyed to the point where they resemble homgenized balls mircoscopically. Sclerosis literally means hardening. The kidneys regulate bp via elaboration of hormones and regulation of salt & volume. ...Read more

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What is pathophysiology polyhydramnions cause hypertension?

What is pathophysiology polyhydramnions cause hypertension?

Polyhydramnios: Polyhydramnios is an over abundance of amniotic fluid. There are many causes including fetal anomalies, diabetes, and an unknown. A good ultrasound examining the fetus for abnormalities is indicated. Polyhydramnios does not usually cause hypertension in the mother. That is more commonly due to either underlying high blood pressure or developing pre-eclampsia. ...Read more

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What is systolic hypertension?

What is systolic hypertension?

High blood pressure: Blood pressure is a systolic number over a diastolic number: the heart never fully goes down to 0 pressure so there is a squeeze pressure and a coast or relax pressure. Systolic hypertension means the top number is too high. ...Read more

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What exactly is coronary artery disease or hypertension?

What exactly is coronary artery disease or hypertension?

2 different things.: Hypertension means simply high blood pressure. Blood moving through tight, inflexible pipes (arteries) is under more pressure than more flexible arteries. High blood pressure can lead to a host of diseases such as stroke and coronary artery disease (cad). CAD is clogging of the arteries that directly supply the heart itself which can lead to heart attack. ...Read more

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What is "persistent pulmonary hypertension?

What is "persistent pulmonary hypertension?

HIGH BP in the LUNG: Persistant pulmonary HTN means that the the blood pressure in the lung is elevated even during rest. There can be many causes including heart and lung diseases, blood clots in the lung and primary disease of the blood vessel of the lung. It can be difficult to diagnose, sometimes unrecognized for months to years. Symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain and sometimes dizziness. ...Read more

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What is portal vein obstruction.

What is portal vein obstruction.

Portal vein: Is the vein that collects the blood reach in absorbed fatty particles, protein particles and sugars form the entire gut and will bring all these to the liver that will process them. Obstruction means that the the flow in this vein is "obstructed" it depends however where is the location: b4 the liver, in the liver or above the liver. Hope a gstroenterologist is overlooking this case... ...Read more

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What is primary pulmonary hypertension like?

What is primary pulmonary hypertension like?

PH: High blood pressure in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (ph) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah). Primary ph is now known as idiopathic (no clear cause) pah which is a chronic and life-changing disease that can lead to breathlessness and right heart failure if left untreated. ...Read more

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