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Doctor insights on: What Is Polyhydramnios

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What is polyhydramnios?

What is polyhydramnios?

Polyhdramnios: Is a medical condition describing an excess of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac. It is seen in about 1% of pregnancies.[1][2][3] it is typically diagnosed when the amniotic fluid index (afi) is greater than 24 cm.[4][5] there are two clinical varieties of polyhydramnios: chronic polyhydramnios where excess amniotic fluid accumulates gradually acute polyhydramnios quickly accumulates. ...Read more

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Dr. Lauren Phillips
13 doctors shared insights

Excess Pregnancy Fluid (Definition)

Polyhydramnios is a condition where there is too much amniotic ...Read more


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What is preeclampsia?

What is preeclampsia?

Pregnancy high BP: Preeclampsia (also called "toxemia") is a triad of findings (high blood pressure, swelling, and protein in the urine) usually seen in the third trimester of pregnancy. Typically seen in first pregnancies, younger pregnant women, multiple pregnancies, and other risk factors, pre-eclampsia can lead to serious complications. Treatment: bedrest or hospitalization. Cure: delivery. ...Read more

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What is iugr?

What is iugr?

Slow growth: Iugr= intra uterine growth retardation. This descriptive term applies to growth, when the size of the fetus/baby bump does not meet the size expected for the stage in the pregnancy. The reason can be as simple as having the wrong dates, (expected date of conception) or some process that is interfering with the growth of baby.After an ultrasound, firmer dates & size analysis are possible. ...Read more

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What is pre-eclampsia?

What is pre-eclampsia?

Hypertension: Pre-eclampsia is a constellation of symptoms that arise during pregnancy. It is most likely caused by substances secreted by the placenta causing damage to maternal blood vessels. As a result, blood pressure rises, protein is noted in the urine, liver enzymes may also rise. The only cure is delivery and this is indicated if symptoms are severe. ...Read more

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What is pre-eclampsia?

What is pre-eclampsia?

Pregnany condition: Pre-eclampsia is a constellation of symptoms that can occur during pregnancy . The most common symptom is high blood pressure. You can also have protein in the urine and other blood abnormalities. It can be life threatening and proceed to eclampsia (seizures). The cure is delivery. ...Read more

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What is gastroschisis?

What is gastroschisis?

Gastroschisis: Is a birth defect in which an infant's intestines stick out of the body through a defect on one side of the umbilical cord. ...Read more

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What is perinatology?

What is perinatology?

Perinatology is: The branch of obstetrics dealing with the period of time around childbirth and focuses on the medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies. ...Read more

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What is anencephaly?

What is anencephaly?

Anencephaly: Anencephaly is one of a group of malformations of the central nervous system collectively called neural tube defects. Anencephaly is readily apparent at birth because of the absence of the skull and scalp and with exposure of the underlying brain. ...Read more

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What is eclampsia?

What is eclampsia?

Eclampsia: Eclampsia is an acute and life-threatening complication of pregnancy, characterized by the appearance of tonic–clonic seizures, usually in a patient who has developed pre-eclampsia. (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are collectively called hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and toxemia of pregnancy.). ...Read more

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What is neonatology?

What is neonatology?

Neonatology: Neonatology is the care of high risk newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit. It is a subspecialty of pediatrics. A neonatologist becomes board certified by the american academy of pediatrics in pediatrics after a pediatric residency and then after a 3 yr. Neonatology fellowship can take the boards for neonatology. ...Read more

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What is preclampsia?

What is preclampsia?

Pre-eclampsia: A potentially deadly complication involving high blood pressure in pregnancy. ...Read more

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What is perninatologist?

What is perninatologist?

MFM: A perinatologist is an OB/GYN who completed additional training in high risk Obstetrics. We also call this Maternal Fetal Medicine. ...Read more

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What is amniocentesis?

What is amniocentesis?

Amnio is a procedure: Amniocentesis is the procedure during which a long, slim needle is inserted through the prenant woman's abdominal and uterine walls and through the membranes of the amniotic sac, and fluid is aspirated/drawn into a syringe attached to that needle. Fluid can be studied for chromosomes (karyotype) or special genetic disorders, for infection, for lung maturity and for other conditions of baby or mom. ...Read more

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What is annencephaly?

What is annencephaly?

Fetal abnormality: Anencepharly is a serious developmental abnormality in which the fetus does not develop the major brain components. It causes gross distortion of the head and is easily detected on ultrasound. It is a strong indication for termination although some will carry to term. The newborn will die in 12-48 hours as there is no treatment. ...Read more

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What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

Swollen fetal kidney: Baby's kidney is swollen with urine. Very common & not serious if mild & only present on one side. Most commonly due to partial blockage to kidney pelvis (funnel draining urine). Can also be due to blockage at lower end of ureters, urethral valve blockage in boys or bladder reflux. Virtually never need to intervene before birth or deliver early. Best managed &/or counseled by pediatric urologist. ...Read more

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What is aneuploidy?

What is aneuploidy?

Wrong # chromosomes: A sperm / egg that does not have exactly 23 chromosomes (1 one each), or somatic cell that does not have exactly 46 (2 of each; heart, liver and a few others are allowed other multiples) is aneuploid. ...Read more

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What causes this polyhydramnios?

What causes this polyhydramnios?

Many things: Polyhydramnios (too much amniotic fluid around the fetus) may happen for several reasons. The most common reason is that the mother has gestational diabetes. Anything that prevents a fetus from swallowing amniotic fluid can also cause polyhydramnios, including structural problems in the baby's mouth or throat or stomach, or muscular or neurologic problems. We never find the cause of some cases. ...Read more

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What is microcephaly?

What is microcephaly?

Small head.: Literally means small head in greek. It suggests that one's head is smaller than 97-99% of one's peers in age/sex. It is frequently associated with neurodevelopmental delay and lower IQ scores. ...Read more

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What is terbutaline?

What is terbutaline?

Beta agonist,: It is a medication used to relax the airways in patients with reactive airway disease (asthma) and to relax the uterine muscle in cases of fetal bradycardia as an essential part of all in utero resuscitation protocols. It is rapidly active but can lead to tachyphylaxis (meaning lose its potency) with prolonged use. It is one of the most important agents in the armamentatrium of the laborist. ...Read more

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What is trisomy?

What is trisomy?

Error in formation: Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes or 46 total. During the formation of the egg, each pair splits and one of each travels to the egg. At conception, the sperm brings one of each & the new embryo now has 23 pairs (two of each). Any time one of the chromosome pairs doesn't split & gives a pair to the egg, a third will come from the sperm and a trisomy of that chromosome is formed. ...Read more

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