Doctor insights on:
What Is Plasma
Pituitary hormone: Hi. ACTH is a hormone from the pituitary gland that travels by the bloodstream to the adrenal glands and stimulates cortisol production (and to a lesser extent, aldosterone). The cortisol feeds back to the pituitary to regulate ACTH release (also effects on hypothalamic CRH, but we'll keep it simple). ACTH positive feedforward & cortisol negative feedback works beautifully. Diseases can affect it. ...Read more
Solutes in plasma: Plasma osmolarity is a reflection of various salts in plasma. It can be measured directly, usually by freezing point depression, or commonly calculated using the following equation = 2[na+] + [glucose]/18 + [ BUN ]/2.8 where [glucose] and [bun] are measured in mg/dl. Normal value is 270-310 milli-osmoles per kilogram. ...Read more
ACTH: Good question but hard to answer in a short paragraph. Please go online and look up ACTH in articles designed for patients not doctors. That should be of great help. Any questions - send them to me. ...Read more
Pituitary hormone: Acth comes from the pituitary and regulates adrenal cortisol. It is measured in an immunoassay. Acth is a small peptide, broken down quickly in plasma, and is tricky to assay; results can be unreliable if the sample is not processed properly. It is measured in the work up of adrenal and/or pituitary disorders, such as cushing's disease or pituitary deficiency. ...Read more
Immunofixation electrophoresis: This procedure identifies which kinds of antibodies are present and in what relative quantities, after they have been separated by moving in a gel exposed to an electric field. The gel supports the proteins and allows movement, which the size and type of charge on the antibody determines its rate of travel. ...Read more
Ready made antibodies: Immunoglobulins are mainly used to replace deficiency, in other words people with weakened immune systems who don't produce enough antibodies for whatever reason. Immunoglobulins are used also for other conditions to combat some immunologic problems not otherwise helped by other treatments ...Read more
Adrenocorticotropic : Acth is adrenocorticotropic hormone that is normally produced in the pituitary gland. Acth is part of a complex feedback system that regulates the production of hormones by the adrenal glands. The level of plasma acth can give clues to a doctor when something goes wrong with this system. Acth is also seen outside of this system in cases of certain types of tumors and other rare situations. ...Read more
Serum proteins: The liquid part of blood left over, after blood clots is called serum and it contains many proteins. One type of protein is Albumin and a number of other proteins are lumped in a group called globulins. See this site for more info. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/total-serum-protein. ...Read more
Interleukin-11: Oprevelkin is interleukin-11 a growth factor stimulating increased production of platelets. It is available as an injection given under the patient's skin daily for up to 10-21 days beginning after their chemotherapy in patients who have shown a severe drop in their platelet counts during prior treatments in an effort to prevent platelet transfusions. ...Read more
Clot vs no clot: Serum is the liquid portion of the blood that is obtained after allowing the blood to clot. Plasma is the liquid portion of the blood that is obtained by centrifugation of blood that is not allowed to clot. The difference between the two is that plasma has coagulation factors and other proteins that are not present in serum. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Let me explain: Cell therapy describes the process of introducing new cells into a tissue in order to treat a disease. Cell therapies often focus on the treatment of hereditary diseases, with or without the addition of gene therapy. Cell therapy is a sub-type of regenerative medicine. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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