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Doctor insights on: What Is Lynphoma

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What is lymphoma?

What is lymphoma?

Malignancy: A lymphoma isma malignancy of a certain type of white blood cells called lymphocytes. These cells are found in the lymphatic system and the blood stream. When the disease appears primarily in lymph nodes it is called a lymphoma. There are many different types of lymphoma.

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Dr. Michael Thompson
1,754 Doctors shared insights

Lymphoma (Definition)

A malignancy developing in the lymphocytes of lymph glands. They present as an enlarging node that continues to grow and then ...Read more


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Is lymphoma inherited?

Is lymphoma inherited?

Rarely: There is a very small risk of hereditary lymphoma. First degree relatives of patients with myeloma, lymphoma or cll carry a slightly higher chance of getting these diseases.

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Can lymphoma be cured?

Can lymphoma be cured?

Lymphoma: There are many types of lymphoma-from the agressive ones to the indolent ones. Each type has different biology and different response to therapy, as well as different prognosis etc. However, in general, lymphoma is a chemosensitive disease and is a radiosensitive disease. Yes, some lymphoma can be cured.

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Do many have lymphoma?

Estimate: About 80, 000 cases are expected in the us in the next year based on the seer database.

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What is d cell lymphoma?

What is d cell lymphoma?

T cell lymphoma?: I think you mean t cell lymphoma, a cancer of t cells or thymocytes that can cause lymph gland enlargement, low blood counts, fevers, and sweats. A particular subtype is gamma-delta (the greek letter for d) hepatosplenic lymphoma, which could also be what you're referring to. A good source of information is the leukemia & lymphoma society of america's website.

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How is lymphoma detected?

How is lymphoma detected?

Symptoms and imaging: People usually present with symptoms -- eg, fever, chills, night sweats, fatigue, lymph node enlargement, spleen enlargement, etc. Then (or sometimes incidentally) abnormal lymph nodes are noted on ct scans. A biopsy (of lymph nodes and/or bone marrow) is needed for diagnosis. Less often blood abnormalities show a leukemic (blood) component of lymphoma or other abnormalities.

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Is lymphoma transmissible?

No: Lymphoma itself is not communicable/infectious. However, some infectious diseases may be associated with the development of various types of lymphoma. Eg -- gastric malt (hp0, ocular (chlamydia psittaci), spelnnic (hcv), t cell (htlv1), nhl (hiv), primary effusion (hhv8), ipsid (campylobacter jejuni), primary cutaneous bcl (borrelia burgdorferi).

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Can you die from lymphoma?

Yes: This day and age unlikely. Significant numbers of patients can be cured with early detection and treatment.

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What is hotchkins lymphoma?

Hodgkin's lymphoma: Hodgkin's lymphoma is a cancer of b cell lymphocytes in lymphatic organ/lymph glands. It is separated from other b cell lymphoma based on its unique clinical and pathological features.

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How rare is burkitt's lymphoma?

Uncommon: Burkitt's lymphoma comprises about a third of childhood lymphomas, but less than 1% of adult lymphomas in europe and the usa. This very aggressive malignancy is much more common in africa, however.

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What are the signs of lymphoma?

B symptoms: Symptoms can include fever, night-sweats and weight loss for both non-hodgkin's lymphoma and hodgkin's disease. These are referred to as b symptoms and they are used in the staging of lymphoma. Thus a stage iii lymphoma with b symptoms would be given a stage iiib status. Other symptoms are related to pressure from the tumor causing pain, or fatigue.

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How to know if I have lymphoma?

How to know if I have lymphoma?

See below...: The diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma, like any other cancer, should be managed by an oncologist. Many signs and symptoms are possible at presentation including unexplained weight loss, lymph node enlargement, lack of appetite, night sweats, fatigue, prolonged fever, enlarged spleen and/or liver, etc.

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Chance lymphoma in 30 year old?

Low but...: If you have an obviously abnormal Lymph node, get it seen. Everybody has a few big ones and they are your friends. If you have unexplained fever, weight is or night sweats, get worked up. If none of this applies, don't worry about lymphoma

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Small knot, do I have lymphoma?

Probably not: While a small node could be a sign of lymphoma, much more likely to be from infection or response to tissue injury.

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What are symptoms for lymphoma?

Lumps: Very often a person will notice a painless lump which is an enlarged lymph node. More advanced cases may present with fatigue, unexplained weight loss, unexplained night sweats or night fevers, even diffuse itching.

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How does lymphoma lead to death?

How does lymphoma lead to death?

Uncontrolled growth: Lymphoma cells continue to divide and grow more than they die. Two things happen 1) their increasing size affects normal organ function or physically pushes on organs which impair their function or 2) they produce substances that are toxic or debilitate the patient both these things eventually weaken the patient, prevent the production of normal blood cells and can lead poor immunity & infection.

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What are some signs of lymphoma?

Lymphoma...: Often, the first sign of lymphoma is a painless swelling in the neck, under an arm, or in the groin. Lymph nodes or tissues elsewhere in the body may also swell. The spleen, for example, often becomes enlarged in lymphoma. Symptoms of lymphoma may include the following: fevers, chills, unexplained weight loss, night sweats, fatigue, and itching.

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Is nonhodgkins lymphoma cureable?

Cancer. Net info: Depends on type, stage, patient characteristics. There is no one answer. More information is needed. A comprehensive and trusted overview of non-hodgkin lymphoma (nhl) is here: http://www.Cancer.Net/cancer-types/lymphoma-non-hodgkin treatment info: http://www. Cancer. Net/cancer-types/lymphoma-non-hodgkin/treatment.

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Do you know what causes lymphoma?

Like other cancers..: lymphoma arises from an unlucky combination of genetic mutations in lymphoid cells during our lifetime. Risk factors include exposure to toxins, family history, or a severe immune suppression (e.g. HIV). Most often, the proximal cause can not be determined, and is mostly just bad luck, since our body is naturally subjected to millions of genetic mutations over our lifetime.

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How likely is surviving lymphoma?

Many variables: Survival and treatment selection depend on many variables: stage of disease, type of lymphoma, age of patient, associated symptoms, overall performance status, specific pathologic and blood based risk factors, as well as response to therapy. It is too broad to cover all aspects specifically so I would refer you to online resources such as acs. Org or institutional web resources like mdacc or mskcc.