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Doctor insights on: What Is Leukomalasia

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What is leukomalasia?

What is leukomalasia?

Leukomalacia: Leukomalacia: softening or destruction of the white matter of the brain. Brain tissue that surrounds fluid-filled parts of the brain (ventricles) is destroyed. It tends to occur mainly in premature or newborn babies who have been deprived of oxygen or have poor blood flow to parts of the brain. Intrauterine infections and premature membrane rupture tend to predispose infants to this condition. ...Read more

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What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

A problem...: Pvl as defined above is an type of brain injury that occurs in infants; the tissues surrounding the "ventricles"(which house fluid) are damaged leading to 'holes'. The problem arises in that there is no curative treatment for this disorder as of today; treatment focuses on helping the baby/child cope with the developmental and neurological consequences of the disorder in the first 2 years of life. ...Read more

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Leukomalasia symptoms ?

Leukomalasia symptoms ?

Wide range: Leukomalacia symptoms vary and may present with delayed motor development, vision deficits, apnea, decreased heart rate and seizures. ...Read more

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What is periventricular leukomalacia?

What is periventricular leukomalacia?

PVL is caused by : lack of blood flow & oxygen to the white matter around the ventricles of the brain, an area most susceptible to damage around the end of the 2nd trimester. Severity of impairment varies widely, but isn't seen right away. Start Early Intervention therapy at 4-6 weeks as "Early Prevention" for optimal outcome. See: http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/cause/periventricular-leukomalacia/ ...Read more

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What are the tests for periventricular leukomalacia?

What are the tests for periventricular leukomalacia?

Visible on US or CT: An ultrasound done through the soft spot will often detect pvl. Ct or MRI might also be helpful but the cranial ultrasound is easy to do & requires little preparation or stress on the patient so it is the more common study for this dx. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of periventricular leukomalacia?

What are the symptoms of periventricular leukomalacia?

Symptoms: Periventricular leukomalacia is a condition that mostly affects preterm infants. The hallmark symptom present in these children is a bilateral spasticity of the lower limbs. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Periventricular leukomalacia?

What is the definition or description of: Periventricular leukomalacia?

PVL: Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a form of white-matter brain injury, characterized by the necrosis (more often coagulation) of white matter near the lateral ventricles. It can affect newborns and (less commonly) fetuses; premature infants are at the greatest risk of the disorder. ...Read more

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I am a basket case. My son has periventricular leukomalacia. Can you tell me something about it?

I am a basket case. My son has periventricular leukomalacia. Can you tell me something about it?

Discriptive term: Pvl is used to describe changes in the appearance of the brain substance that is adjacent to the ventricles of the brain (spinal fluid containing sacs in the middle). This occurs when blood flow or oxygen delivery to those sites was interupted and injury occured. Outcome is variable & movement disorders& motor delay are common. Therapy will often improve outcome. Developmental followup is a must. ...Read more

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Would like to know what immediate action can be taken for a child (11 yrs ) suffering from "periventricular leukomalacia" has an attack of fits. ?

Would like to know what immediate action can be taken for a child (11 yrs ) suffering from "periventricular leukomalacia" has an attack of fits. ?

Loss of blood flow &: oxygen causes death of white matter around the fluid-filled ventricles of the fetal brain, often between 26-42 wks. More common in "preemies", some causes are infection, maternal cocaine or meth use & bleeding in the ventricles. Pediatric neurologists treat Spastic Cerebral Palsy & Seizures. Special Education is needed for Intellectual Disability or Specific Learning Disability. See below. ...Read more