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Doctor insights on: What Is Fetal Distress

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What is fetal distress?

What is fetal distress?

Low fetal health: A decrease in fetal well-being can happen for several reasons. Fetal distress can occur during the pregnancy or during labor. The warning signs are a decrease in the usual daily level of movement, greenish material present in a sample of the amniotic fluid, a decrease in the heart beats on routine check or during a labor contraction. ...Read more

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Dr. Irwin Merkatz
94 doctors shared insights

Fetal Distress (Definition)

Fetal distress = an imprecise term which refers to signs that a fetus is not well ...Read more


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What causes fetal distress?

What causes fetal distress?

Poor perfusion: Anything that prevents oxygenation of your fetus can cause "distress". Placental abnormalities, premature separation, or cord compression or blockage. Poor blood flow to the uterus can also cause it whether from hemorrhage, ischemia, or injury. Fetal malformations can also cause it. In short, prenatal care ensures that you are not at risk for these and screens for problems with ultrasound & nsts. ...Read more

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What is cardiac distress?

What is cardiac distress?

WhenHeartBadlyReacts: Cardiac distress is when the heart doesn't react well to the conditions on it. For instance, during exercise, activity, running, etc., the heart should be pumping more blood to the body; in distress, the heart shuts down, or pumps less. There are many reasons for cardiac distress, but use HealthTap Prime or TTYD if you think this is what you have. ESTABLISH a DIAGNOSIS before treating or worrying. ...Read more

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What is severe fetal hydronephrosis?

What is severe fetal hydronephrosis?

Trapped urine.: Severe fetal hydronephrosis is diagnosed when urine is trapped inside the renal collecting system of a fetus with resultant destruction of kidney tissue. It can be due to stenosis or obstruction at various points in the urinary tract and merits postnatal antibiotic uroprophylaxis and imaging. Bilateral severe cases may cause oligohydramnios and fetal lung hypoplasia or demise. Seek mfm care asap! ...Read more

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What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

Swollen fetal kidney: Baby's kidney is swollen with urine. Very common & not serious if mild & only present on one side. Most commonly due to partial blockage to kidney pelvis (funnel draining urine). Can also be due to blockage at lower end of ureters, urethral valve blockage in boys or bladder reflux. Virtually never need to intervene before birth or deliver early. Best managed &/or counseled by pediatric urologist. ...Read more

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What is fetal alcohol syndrome?

What is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Long-term problems: Alcohol can damage a baby's developing brain resulting in a long-lasting pattern of cognitive, learning, emotional, social, and behavioral problems. These problems can be difficult to treat if one isn't aware of the background of prenatal alcohol exposure. However help is available and the earlier a child gets appropriate treatment the better the long-term prognosis. ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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What is fetal hydantoin syndrome?

What is fetal hydantoin syndrome?

Dilantin: Fetal hydantoin syndrome can occur in infants exposed to Dilantin while in the uterus during pregnancy. The common features include hirsutism (they are hairy), growth restriction, mild mental retardation and congenital anomalies such as cleft lip & palate, wide set eyes and small ends of the fingers. ...Read more

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What is fetal alcohol syndome?

What is fetal alcohol syndome?

Fetal brain damage: Caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Hence advice to avoid any alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Baby may have certain characteristic features such as deeply sunken bridge of nose. Child can have all manner of developmental and intellectual delay. Problems with anger control, attention deficit disorder & failure to appreciate consequences of bad behavior. ...Read more

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What is the fetal assessment unit?

What is the fetal assessment unit?

Antenatal testing.: A place for assessing fetal well-being with ultrasound and fetal heart rate monitoring. It helps prevent late stillbirths by triggering delivery before 39-40 weeks in high-risk pregnancies. ...Read more

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What is adult respiratory distress syndrome and is it fatal?

What is adult respiratory distress syndrome and is it fatal?

See below: A reaction of the body against its own lung tissue in response to a variety of insults, such as infection, sepsis, pancreatitis, severe trauma, burns, severe allergy etc etc. It can be fatal if not treated. With appropriate treatment, more than half of the patients survive, most regain normal or near normal lung function. ...Read more

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What is a fetal heart ultrasound?

What is a fetal heart ultrasound?

Fetal echocardiogram: A fetal echocardiogram is a specialized ultrasound of the fetal heart, usually only done when there is an increased risk of a heart defect in the fetus. It is a detailed look at lots of different parts of a baby's heart anatomy and function. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

RDS: Is due to immaturity of the lungs at birth. The lungs produce a product called surfactant as they mature, prior to completion of the pregnancy term. When a baby is pre-term, then there may be a lack of adequate surfactant. This is called respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant helps the lungs to inflate properly so they can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. It usually improves in days. ...Read more

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What is neonatology?

What is neonatology?

Neonatology: Neonatology is the care of high risk newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit. It is a subspecialty of pediatrics. A neonatologist becomes board certified by the american academy of pediatrics in pediatrics after a pediatric residency and then after a 3 yr. Neonatology fellowship can take the boards for neonatology. ...Read more

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What is gastroschisis?

What is gastroschisis?

Gastroschisis: Is a birth defect in which an infant's intestines stick out of the body through a defect on one side of the umbilical cord. ...Read more

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How bad is fetal cardiomegaly?

How bad is fetal cardiomegaly?

Bad: One publication looked at 93 cases of fetal cardiomegaly. It reported that 50% of the cases were due to heart problems, and 43% were due to genetic-mutation anemias. The perinatal mortality rate (percent of babies that died during the second half of pregnancy or during the first month after birth) was a big 70%. ...Read more