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Doctor insights on: What Is Emphysema

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What is emphysema?

What is emphysema?

Lung damage: Destruction of lung tissue from exposure to cigarette smoke. As more lung tissue is destroyed, shortness of breath gets worse, and ultimately the lungs cannot do their job, and the body gets starved of oxygen. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Gabor
1 Doctor shared a insight

Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


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What is emphysema?

What is emphysema?

Breakdown of walls: Of the small air pouches in your lung, called alveoli. When the walls become damaged, the alveoli merge into one larger pouch, decreasing the surface area where gas exchange can occur. Think of this by comparing the surface area of a ballon of equal size to a bunch of grapes. Though individually smaller, there are many grapes in the same volume, so more surface area. ...Read more

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What is emphysema?

What is emphysema?

Definition...: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is usually caused by cigarette smoking which damages the lungs leading to this disease. It is an incurable, slowly progressive disease. Once present, treatments are aimed at reducing symptoms and insuring that there is enough oxygen in the body to support it. Smoking cessation is vital to decrease airway inflammation. ...Read more

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What is emphysema prognosis 80 years old?

What is emphysema prognosis 80 years old?

Depends...: It depends on the severity of the copd. If the COPD is well-controlled and is not severe enough to affect physical functioning, the patient may actually die of some other cause. If, however, the COPD is end-stage, then the prognosis is much worse. Your doctor can tell you the severity of the COPD so you have a better idea of prognosis in the individual case. Good luck! ...Read more

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What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

Not pretty: Emphysema lungs are large and have many distended air sacks. It is commonly called "smokers lung" and the lungs look as in the picture. Sarcoidosis, though, rarely can have "emphysematous changes", . For the most part, it is associated with scarring of the lungs as well as large lymph nodes in between the lungs. ...Read more

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What is emphysema vs copd? Is emphysema the same as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Categories....: Copd, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is the broader category. Emphysema is one type of copd, ie emphysema falls under the category of copd. ...Read more

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What is subcutaneous emphysema?

What is subcutaneous emphysema?

Air under the skin: Subcutaneous emphysema is a medical term used to indicate a condition where pockets of air have collected underneath the skin. This most often happens after chest surgery and frequently indicates that there has been an air leak from the lung or airways. It will dissipate or go away when the air leak has healed or is better controlled. This condition is temporary and not lifethreatening. ...Read more

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What does bullous emphysema changes mean?

What does bullous emphysema changes mean?

XR or CT: This diagnosis is specific findings seen in imaging only and can not be made on clinical basis alone. It means there are destroyed areas in the lung that cause coalescence of the walls of the alveoli and instead of small spaces, we see the big spaces or bags of air with less total surface area and by their sizes can push on other areas of the lungs. ...Read more

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What is lupus emphysema? And can lupus have systums that look like emphysema

What is lupus emphysema? And can lupus have systums that look like emphysema

May be confusion?: Lupus can affect the respiratory system in a variety of ways, but I am not clear what is meant by this phrase "lupus emphysema" and suspect that there may be a misunderstanding here. Lupus can be associated with inflammatory reactions of the lung tissue or lining of the lung, lung scarring ("fibrosis"), or diaphragm. A consultation with a pulmonologist (lung specialist) may be needed to clarify. ...Read more

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What does copd/emphysema with lateral perihilar atelectasis or scarring mean?

What does copd/emphysema with lateral perihilar atelectasis or scarring mean?

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease encompasses emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Basically, this means that smoking or another inhalant has made distortions in the architecture of your lungs that make it harder for them to work. Atelectasis and scarring physical changes that occur secondary to COPD. ...Read more

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What could cause emphysema -like changes on chest xray that isn't emphysema? 58 yr old never smoked

What could cause emphysema -like changes on chest xray that isn't emphysema? 58 yr old never smoked

Emphysema: Is difficult to diagnose on chest xray unless it is advanced. Sometimes emphysema can be suggested with lung hyperinflation. This finding however is nonspecific and can occur with just taking a really deep breath. Consider seeing a pulmonologist if you are concerned. ...Read more

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I was told by my lung specialist I have emphysema like changes and chronic asthma what does the emphysema like changes mean?

I was told by my lung specialist I have emphysema like changes and chronic asthma what does the emphysema like changes mean?

Emphysema: "Emphysema" like changes probably means you show evidence of damage to the air sacs ("alveoli") in your lungs. With poorly controlled asthmatics sometimes you can get "remodeling" where the lungs get scarred down from chronic inflammation. Usually emphysema occurs in older people with smoking histories or in a genetic disease called alpha 1 anti-trypsin. Ask your pulmonologist what the cause is. ...Read more

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What is done for emphysema?

Smoking Cessation: The most important thing is to stop the cause, which in the vast majority of cases is smoking-related. Thereafter, treatment focuses on keeping the airways open with medications. There is less room in the lungs (even though they're bigger) for gas exchange, so many of these patients require supplemental oxygen. ...Read more

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What is end stage emphysema?

Chronic Lung Disease: Emphysema is a form of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). There are different classifications of COPD. End stage could refer to you needing to use daily medications in order to relieve symptoms of shortness of breath. This could also mean needing to use oxygen. If a physician has mentioned "end stage" it is worth visiting with a lung specialist called a Pulmonologist. ...Read more

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What are histoplasmosis and emphysema?

What are histoplasmosis and emphysema?

Histoplasmosis is...: A fungal infection that can affect the lungs and can be found in the usa in the upper mississippi and ohio river valleys. Emphysema is a chronic lung disease often caused by smoking which is also called copd. People with emphysema are more likely to be chronically infected with histo. ...Read more

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What does "bilateral orbital emphysema" mean? (injuries were after a fall)

What does "bilateral orbital emphysema" mean? (injuries were after a fall)

Air: It means that there is air around both eyes. This is typically a benign condition with many cases having a history of trauma and fracture of an orbital bone, which allows air entry. This should be evaluated and followed by your doctor. ...Read more

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What exactly is bullous emphysema?

What exactly is bullous emphysema?

Big spaces: Emphasema comes in a variety of different subtypes - in bullous emphysema, lung tissue is destroyed and leaves behind large spaces that don't contribute to gas exchange. Sometimes these spaces can get infected (bullitis) or they can press down on healthy lung preventing it from functioning (removing these is the basis for lung volume reduction surgery as a therapy in copd). ...Read more

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What are options for emphysema treatment?

What are options for emphysema treatment?

Multiple: First, smoking cessation is critical. There are a variety of medications that are very helpful at relieving shortness of breath and preventing flare-ups. Pulmonary rehab programs are very beneficial. Supplementary oxygen is needed if the blood saturation is less than 90% consistently. A healthy and well balanced diet with vitamin supplementation should be used. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is emphysema?

What sort of disorder is emphysema?

COPD: Emphysema is a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). It is characterized by chronic obstruction in the airways usually due to smoking. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, etc. The diagnosis is made by an evaluation by a doctor as well as pulmonary function tests. There are treatments available. Smoking cessation is important to prevent further lung damage. ...Read more

Dr. Sue Ferranti
498 Doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make ...Read more