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Doctor insights on: What Is Emphsema

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What is emphysema?

What is emphysema?

Lung damage: Destruction of lung tissue from exposure to cigarette smoke. As more lung tissue is destroyed, shortness of breath gets worse, and ultimately the lungs cannot do their job, and the body gets starved of oxygen. ...Read more

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Dr. Sue Ferranti
498 doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

One type of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) characterized by a loss of lung tissue, causing hyperinflation and increased effort to ...Read more


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What is emphysema?

What is emphysema?

Breakdown of walls: Of the small air pouches in your lung, called alveoli. When the walls become damaged, the alveoli merge into one larger pouch, decreasing the surface area where gas exchange can occur. Think of this by comparing the surface area of a ballon of equal size to a bunch of grapes. Though individually smaller, there are many grapes in the same volume, so more surface area. ...Read more

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What is copd?

What is copd?

Lung disease: COPD is short for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It consists of chronic bronchitis (coughing up phlegm every day) and/or emphysema (destruction of lung tissue). Most often it is due to smoking. It makes it difficult to blow all the air out of the lungs, and thus can cause shortness of breath. Other symptoms are cough, wheezing, fatigue. There are great treatments for this condition. ...Read more

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What is copd?

What is copd?

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This is a condition that is frequently caused by smoking. ...Read more

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What is copd?

What is copd?

Lung disease.: COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This has many causes but primarily is associated with long term smoking. Two types are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. There are rarer causes of copd. It is treated by stopping the cause (smoking) and medications to open up the airways (inhalers and such). See your pcp, pulmonologist or other provider of care for this illness if concerned. ...Read more

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What is copd?

What is copd?

Lung disease : Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary (or Respiratory) Disease, shortened to COPD or CORD. Basically this is an illness which makes breathing difficult and is almost always caused by smoking, there is no cure but there is symptom relief. There are a variety of treatments. See this link for a full explanation. https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/c/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease/ ...Read more

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What is bronchoectastis?

What is bronchoectastis?

Airways: Destruction and widening of airways. Can be caused by infection, genetic conditions, toxic exposure and fibrotic lung dzz, some immune deficiencies as well. ...Read more

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What is emphacema?

What is emphacema?

Emphysema: Emphysema is a chronic obstructive lung disease, part of the copd. It is caused by smoking cigarettes with destruction of lung tissue and terminal bronchial tubes. Need to see a physician if you are worried about having emphysema. You will need pulmonary function tests and chest radiograph for further work up. ...Read more

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What is asthmaticus?

What is asthmaticus?

Latin for asthma: If you are referring to the term status asthmaticus, this refers to a severe, persistent episode of asthma, often bad enough to warrant hospitalization, if not admission to an icu. ...Read more

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What is bronchitis?

What is bronchitis?

Two types...: There are 2 types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is usually due to an infection in the airways whereas chronic bronchitis is a form of COPD and is typically from smoking. The treatments are different as well so see your doctor if you think you may have a form of bronchitis. ...Read more

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What is bronchitis?

What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis: Inflammation within bronchi (airways.) can be viral bacterial and chemical. .Generally manifested as cough with wheezing and sometimes sputum production and fever. ...Read more

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What is bronchitis?

What is bronchitis?

A lung infection: Its an infection of the airway tubes in the lungs and can lead to pneumonia if caused by a virus or bacterium. If caused by smoking it can lead to permanent lung damage such as COPD, which is not reversible. Inhaling industrial chemicals and other substances can do the same. Common in miners and other workers, if not protected. ...Read more

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What is wegeners?

What is wegeners?

Wegener's: Granulomatosis is an incurable form of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels) that affects the nose, lungs, kidneys, and other organs. ...Read more

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What is alveolitis?

What is alveolitis?

Inflamed lung spaces: This is inflammation of the walls of the little air spaces within the lungs. Most commonly the cause is a chest cold / viral infection and rarely these are serious. More troublesome are immune or mechanical problems that create a longstanding alveolitis, sometimes leading to scarring and serious breathing problems. ...Read more

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What is mesothelioma?

What is mesothelioma?

Ca of lung lining: Your lungs are surrounded by a lubricated lining called the pleura. This lining allows your lungs to move against your chest wall without friction. When these cells become cancerous, it is called a malignant mesothelioma. Mesothelioma are difficult cancers with few effective treatments. A single day of radiation to the biopsy site can prevent local invasion. ...Read more

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What is bronchiectesas and is it curable?

What is bronchiectesas and is it curable?

Bronchiectasis: Bronchiectasis is caused by destruction of muscle and elastic tissue of lung tissue. The destruction is usually permanent and surgery js usually necessary for relief. ...Read more

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What exactly is bullous emphysema?

What exactly is bullous emphysema?

Big spaces: Emphasema comes in a variety of different subtypes - in bullous emphysema, lung tissue is destroyed and leaves behind large spaces that don't contribute to gas exchange. Sometimes these spaces can get infected (bullitis) or they can press down on healthy lung preventing it from functioning (removing these is the basis for lung volume reduction surgery as a therapy in copd). ...Read more

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