Doctor insights on:
What Is Difference Between Stage 2 And Grade 2 Cancer
Maybe CIN2?: "Stage" isn't normally used in connection with HPV. If you've had an abnormal pap smear, I wonder if you have CIN2. CIN means cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, with increasing severity (further along toward possible cancer) for 1, 2, and 3. If you have CIN2, follow your doctor's advice about treatment and follow-up. That will prevent progression to cancer. Discuss with your doctor. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Grade is key.: Brain tumors are rated by the world health organization grade, with higher grades generally being more aggressive. Stage is a terminology used in cancers outside of the brain, which describe how much a cancer has spread all over the body. Because brain tumors/cancers generally do not spread all over the body, we rarely use "staging" with primary brain tumors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What does endometrioid carcinoma well differentiated nuclear grade 2 mean? treatment and chance of survival?
Endometrial cancer: this is a type of endometrial cancer. The 2 refers to the fact the cancer does not respond to estrogen. Well differentiated means the cells are similar to normal cells and this is usually a good sign. Cancer that is more atypical or less different than the normal cells is usually of more concern. ...Read more
What is best treatment if interpretation and comment is grade 2 infiltrating adenocarcinoma of lung ?
Depends on stage: The pathology report is used along with body scans and tests to determine the full stage of the adenocarcinoma. Once the stage and medical history in known then the oncologist, radiologist, and thoracic surgeon can suggest the best surgical, chemotherapy, radiation and/or, immuno therapy, personalized treatment based on the actual oncogenes may also be considered. ...Read more
Yes, major differenc: Stage 2 ovarian cancer(spread limited to pelvic area only has a much better cure rate(>50%) than with stage-3 Ovarian cancer which means it has spread into the belly). Stage 3 is the most common stage of presentation; this means high mortality rate, yet 25% to 30% of such women can expect to be cured with the proper use of modern chemotherapy combined with debulking surgery. ...Read more
My mom has a grade 3 stage 2 her 2 breast cancer. How deadly is this? What are her chances of survival?
Between 74-81%.: The answer partly depends on whether your Mom has Stage IIA or IIB breast cancer. But it's even more complicated than that. In some ways, it is good that your Mom has HER-2 positive breast cancer, as there are several new excellent drugs that are now available that significantly improve survival. If your mother hasn't had surgery yet, she could be treated with IV Herceptin, Perjeta (pertuzumab) + chemo. ...Read more
Grade 3 stage 2 her 2 breast cancer how deadly is this what is the chances of survival for 70 yr old woman, what to do?
High risk : Grade 3, stage 2, her 2 over expressed, high risk for recurrence. I would recommend adjuvant chemotherapy and Herceptin (trastuzumab). Herceptin (trastuzumab) is then given for a year. If she has not had surgery yet, then one would definitely consider neo adjuvant chemotherapy with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Pertuzumab. Age is not a reason not to treat! In addition a 70 year old patient may do very well with chemotherapy. Not old. ...Read more
Hepatitis C: This refers primarily to hepatitis c . Diagnosis is made after liver biopsy. It indicates some scarring(called fibrosis) in the liver. Depending upon a variety of factors(liver associated enzymes, virus load and type of hepatitis c) treatment may be recommended by your physician. ...Read more
High: Published 5-yr survival rates are 81% for iia and 84% for iib breast ca. Keep in mind this includes mortality from other causes and reflects patients treated almost a decade ago. For more info...http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-survival-by-stage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the difference between cancer in situ and differentiated VIN3? What is the long term prognosis? VIN3 twice in 12 months with clear margins
VIN3 = appearance of: cells under microscope, judged to be most abnormal, "pre-cancerous appearing" yet not clearly cancerous; see: https://www.google.com/#q=VIN3. Cancer in situ simply means no other sites (metastasis) of similar cells have been identified/recognized to be present. The 2 key definitions of cancer are: (1) Invading adjacent normal cells &/or (2) also growing in other parts of body (metastasis). ...Read more
Different cancers: Sarcomas are very rare cancers that arise from bone, muscle, nerves, blood vessels or other connective tissues. Carcinomas are very common cancers that tend form glands. Most common examples are breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer and renal (kidney) cancer, among others. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What do you suggest if my mom has a grade 3 stage 2 her 2 breast cancer how deadly is this what is the chances of survival?
Many cured, not all: Stage 2 breast cancer is cancer which has spread to the lymph nodes of the armpit. After surgery, most patients benefit from adjuvant therapy. That is treatment given to prevent recurrence. Depending on details of case that may be hormonal therapy or chemotherapy. HER2 positive patients also benefit from Herceptin (trastuzumab) to prevent recurrence. Many, but alas not all, patients are cured. ...Read more
My mom, 81, was diagnosed with stage 3 poorly differentiated squamous cells. Now is told she instead has stage 2 Lymphoma. Which one is accurate?
Lymphoma: Stage II ymphoma same side of diaphragm or in a nearby organ IIE. Stage III is in nodes on both sides of the diaphragm or into an area or organ next to the lymph nodes is noted with an E ,IIIE, or into the spleen IIIS or both III SE. Stage IV is in an organ not right next to a lymph node and bulky disease has an X qualifier. Good luck to your Mom and God bless. ...Read more
Many: Hd is a cancer of primarily the lymph glands. It presents with enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, fever, sweats. It is treated with chemotherapy and possibly radiation therapy. There are many types of leukemia. They are all malignancies of bone marrow. They are treated with chemotherapy or immunotherapy, depending on the type. Some leukemias may not require immediate treatment and can be "watched". ...Read more
Pre cancer ?: Depends on which cells you are talking about. Please send more information. ...Read more
Why you need insulin: Dm1 results because body can't make insulin, possibly due to a viral infections destroying the insulin-producing cells of pancreas, thus Insulin must be given. Little genetic compoment. Dm2 has a high genetic component and is related to Insulin resistance. Fat make body more resistant and the pancreas "tires out" trying to compensate. Diet, exercise, meds, later Insulin usually treat. ...Read more
Cancer v. Node: Lymph node is a structure in the body that screens lymph that is being drained from surrounding tissue against infection. Breast cancer is a collection of cells from breast ducts/lobules (usually) that have become immortal and often rapidly proliferative whereby they invade surrounding tissues depriving normal cells the ability to co-exist. Cancer cells may find their way to nearby lymph nodes. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Pathophysiology: Although both type i and type ii diabetes manifest with high blood sugars the basic underpinnings of the two are different. Type i diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of the beta cells which make Insulin in the pancreas. It is not caused by diet or lifestyle choices. Type ii diabetes in children is most often associated with obesity and a family history of type ii diabetes. Children with this disease are very Insulin resistant. Eventually their bodies are unable to keep up with the Insulin demands and the blood sugars rise. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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