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Doctor insights on: What Is Dialysis Disequilibrium

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What is dialysis?

What is dialysis?

Kidney failure treat: Kidneys are vital to keep the body in a stable condition, removing waste products, keeping water and electrolytes within very narrow range required for normal function of all the organs. With kidney failure this can be done by dialysis either hemodialysis where blood is filtered through an external machine or using the lining od the abdomen (peritoneal membrane) as a filtering mechanism. ...Read more

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Dr. Quresh Khairullah
515 doctors shared insights

Dialysis (Definition)

Simple answer is that it is a medical technology used primarily to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Hemodialysis remove wastes and excess water from the blood by circulating blood outside the body through an external filter, called a dialyzer. Blood and dialysate flow through in opposite directions and the ...Read more


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What is hemodialysis?

What is hemodialysis?

Hemodialysis: When kidneys are no longer able to filter the blood and make urine, this causes toxins to build up in the body along with excess fluid. Hemodialysis is a therapy that filters waste, removes extra fluid and balances electrolytes. Blood is removed from the body and filtered through a man-made membrane and then the filtered blood is returned to the body. ...Read more

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What exacly is a shunt for dialysis?

What exacly is a shunt for dialysis?

Fistula: It is a sort of connection between artery and vein either using own blood vessels or with synthetic graft. This site is the access for hemodialysis. ...Read more

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What is peritoneal dialysis?

Dialysis inside you : Hemodialysis involves blood leaving your body in a circuit that passes through a filter membrane, before being returned to your circulation. Peritoneal dialysis involves the patient instilling fluids into the abdominal space, via a surgically placed silicone catheter which remains in place. The toxins from the blood stream in the blood vessels flowing to the bowel loops, pass through to the fluid. ...Read more

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What is extraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus and what is its treatment?

What is extraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus and what is its treatment?

Slow absorption: Cerebral spinal fluid is produced inside the ventricles, cycles through the ventricular system, and then passes out side the ventricles to be absorbed. Obstruction within the ventricles produces internal hydrocephalus. A defect in absorption outside the ventricles will also produce hydrocephalus which is external. This type is often referred to as external or communicating hydrocephalus. ...Read more

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What is the hardy-weinberg equilibrium?

Hardy Weinburg: Equilibrium - see: http://anthro.palomar.edu/synthetic/synth_2.htm

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What is the process of decloting an av fistula for dialysis patients?

What is the process of decloting an av fistula for dialysis patients?

Two methods : There are two methods: mechanical or chemical. Occasionally both methods are used. In general, the doctor accesses the av graft or fistula with a needle and places a tube into the graft. He then uses wires and catheters to cross the clot and inject clot busting meds. There are devices he can use that also break up clot. Or, he can open the graft and use special balloons to pull clot out. ...Read more

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What is high blood pressure DM? How it is related to renal failure?

What is high blood pressure DM? How it is related to renal failure?

DM HBP: What is high blood pressure DM? How it is related to renal failure? ANS: prob means high blood pressure due to diabetes. It is the major reason kidneys fail in DM. Controlling BP is best way to prevent DM renal failure. ...Read more

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What is the relationship between hypovolemic shock and kidney stones?

What is the relationship between hypovolemic shock and kidney stones?

No relation: There should not be a relationship between these conditions but chronic hypovolemia or low fluid intake per, ie less than 1.5 liters per day is one of the risk factors for development of kidney stones. ...Read more

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What is the connection between renal function and hypotension?

What is the connection between renal function and hypotension?

Hypotn decreares fxn: Low blood presure to the kidneys causes the kidneys to malfuntion. The kidneys need a large blood volume with an adequate pressure to perfuse and function properly. When the BP is low the kidneys hold on to fluids and urine out put drops. The BUN and cr are elevated indicating a back up of waste and when it goes on longperiod of time its called atn or acute tubular necrosis. If no relief dialysis. ...Read more

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What is hypoparathyroidism? What's the treatment to this? How is it connected to hypokalemic periodic paralysis and renal disease? Please answer.

What is hypoparathyroidism? What's the treatment to this? How is it connected to hypokalemic periodic paralysis and renal disease? Please answer.

Low parathyroid horm: Parathyroid glands make a hormone that regulates calcium in the blood. Damage from thyroid surgery or autoimmune disease are main causes. Severe muscle spasm is the chief symptom. High doses of calcium & vit D+ magnesium, is the treatment. No hormone replacement is yet available. Not connected to periodic paralysis. Rx. can cause kidney stones and could lead to renal failure, not common. ...Read more

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What is RENAL AUTOTRANSPLANT and how does it relate to an Ileostomy Reversal?

What is RENAL AUTOTRANSPLANT and how does it relate to an Ileostomy Reversal?

Here are some ...: Organ auto-transplant is to move a locally damaged organ - intentionally or unintentionally - to a new site so such organ will / may continue to survive & function. For kidneys, such need usually takes place for insufficient ureter or artery. How is that related with ileostomy reversal? It would be most likely to make the shortened ureter to function. For individual situation, ask Doc. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for dialysis poleneuropathy?

What is the treatment for dialysis poleneuropathy?

Dialysis near: 53 M Greece asks: What is the treatment for dialysis polyneuropathy? ANS: Depends on what is causing it. Can be B12 def, Diabetes, hypertension. Most likely do to inadequate dialysis and is really uremic neuropathy. If none of the above the a trial of more frequent and/or longer dialysis may be in order. ...Read more

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What is congestive heart failure? How is it contracted, what is the treatment, how does it affect life expetancy ?

What is  congestive heart failure? How is it contracted,  what is the treatment,  how does it affect life expetancy ?

Failure of the heart: Failure of the heart muscles to pump blood effectively from the chambers to the body/lungs leading to back up of blood . Caused by heart attacks, (coronary artery disease) long standing hypertension/diabetes, chemotherapy, congenital heart defects, intractable rhythm problems. Life expectancy depends on underlying cause. ...Read more

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What is baroreflex failure?

What is baroreflex failure?

A rare condition.: The baroreflex is a normal reflex that keeps the blood pressure from getting to high and too low. Baroreflex failure is rare. If you are diagnosed with this, it can be treated with a medication called clonidine. ...Read more

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What is the diencephalon? What is its function?

What is the diencephalon? What is its function?

See below: https://www.boundless.com/physiology/textbooks/boundless-anatomy-and-physiology-textbook/central-nervous-system-12/the-diencephalon-119/functions-of-the-diencephalon-644-6500/

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and ESRD?

What is the difference between acute renal failure and ESRD?

Differences: Acute is something abrupt and may go away. ESRD is end-stage renal disease and will not go away. It will only get worse and requires significant involvement on the part of a bunch of highly trained/skilled healthcare providers/professionals (MDs, nurses, dietitians, etc.) ...Read more

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What isitthat causes svs &overdrainage due to vp shunt?Why does this occur? If it changes answer vpshunt is for idiop.Intrac.Hypert not hydrocephalus.

What isitthat causes svs &overdrainage due to vp shunt?Why does this occur? If it changes answer vpshunt is for idiop.Intrac.Hypert not hydrocephalus.

Low pressure effects: Idiopathic ich is usually treated with lumbar shunt, not ventricular shunt. Treatment can be difficult due to drop in pressure that can cause severe headache and stress effects. These symptoms may be so severe that shunt has to be revised or taken out. ...Read more

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Whats is the hokum heart disease ?! and what is its treatment ?

Whats is the hokum heart disease ?! and what is its treatment ?

HOCM: It is HOCM. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. If symptomatic it starts with medication including betablockers, calcium chanel blockers, or dysopiramide. Interventions include alcohol septal ablation or myectomy ...Read more

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Why is the codman hakim programmable vp shunt setting range so large? (30 to 200 mmh2o) what do the settings mean, and what's the average pressure?

Why is the codman hakim programmable vp shunt setting range so large? (30 to 200 mmh2o) what do the settings mean, and what's the average pressure?

Easy setting changes: The pressure settings can be viewed as a measure of how much fluid is allowed to drain through the shunt. The lower the pressure setting, the more fluid can drain through the system. A typical setting is between 110-130 but treating hydrocephalus is not always a "one size fits all" for every patient. Some individuals have side effects at certain settings and need a 'different pressure setting'. ...Read more

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