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Doctor insights on: What Is An Obstructive Lung Disorder

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What sort of disorder is emphysema?

What sort of disorder is emphysema?

COPD: Emphysema is a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). It is characterized by chronic obstruction in the airways usually due to smoking. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, etc. The diagnosis is made by an evaluation by a doctor as well as pulmonary function tests. There are treatments available. Smoking cessation is important to prevent further lung damage. ...Read more

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Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


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Could you explain what is chronic obstructive lung disease?

Could you explain what is chronic obstructive lung disease?

COPD: These are diseases of respiratory system in which air is trapped in the lungs. In majority if not all of them airways are involved. Asthma, COPD and emphysema are part of it. In emphysema lung parenchyma is also affected by loosing elasticity. Cause is usually unknown, could be smoke related, genetic or as part of other disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, or auto immune disease. Shahzeidi, md. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is an eosinophilic disorder?

What sort of disorder is an eosinophilic disorder?

Too many itch cells: Eosinophils are just one type of white blood cell or immune cell. They are involved in allergic reactions, as well as protection from parasites. For various an often unclear reasons, some people get an imbalance of these cells and have irritation in their body related to the cells doing too much of their good thing. Asthma can involve overactive eos, as well as a type of esophagitis. ...Read more

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What is the simplest definition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd)?

What is the simplest definition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd)?

COPD...: COPD is a disease characterized by the presence of chronic, irreversible airway obstruction as measured by pulmonary function testing. The disease is incurable but there are treatments available so see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The most important treatment is smoking cessation since smoking is the main etiology of this disease. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is an ear-nose-throat disorder?

What sort of disorder is an ear-nose-throat disorder?

Ear nose throat dis.: Ear nose throat disorder is a vague term. Any disease that relates to ear or nose or throat can be classied in this term. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (c.O.P.D.)?

What sort of disease is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (c.O.P.D.)?

Chronic Lung Disease: COPD is a disease of inflammation and/or destruction of the lung. Most often, it is from smoking cigarettes, but not always. There are two main components: chronic bronchitis, which is coughing up mucus every day; and emphysema, which is destruction of the lung tissue. Both conditions block air from completely exiting the lung causing symptoms. That said, it can be treated effectively. ...Read more

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What is a chronic airways obstruction?

What is a chronic airways obstruction?

2 types: Maybe more but one is chronic obstructive that you see in emphysema (COPD) and another type is rare but is where a physical obstruction such as a tumor is blocking the airway. Most chronic obstr is due to genetic or smoking related or other environmental factors that break down good lung tissue and replace it with scar tissue. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is an absent pulmonary valve?

What sort of problem is an absent pulmonary valve?

Rare CHD: A rare congenital heart defect. The pulmonary valve doesn’t form and not enough blood can flow to the lungs to get oxygen; only through the PDA (patent ductus arteriosus). It often occurs as part of a condition called tetralogy of fallot. There is usually a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart (ventricular septal defect). Surgery as a newborn is required. ...Read more

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Is there an optimal pattern of breathing when you have obstructive airway disease?

Is there an optimal pattern of breathing when you have obstructive airway disease?

Pursed lip breathing: Pts with COPD who practice pursed lip breathing keep their airways open a little longer allowing more air into the lung. Most COPD pts learn this technique early on in their disease course. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is a cartilage disorder?

What sort of disease is a cartilage disorder?

Joints...: Cartilage is the smooth substance lining most joints. Some disorders are hereditary, involving production and structure of the cartilage. Much more common are problems like osteoarthritis - a degeneration of the cartilage due to wear and tear, obesity, etc. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease and also can affect cartilage. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is an encephalocele?

What sort of disorder is an encephalocele?

Encephalocoele: This is a congenital condition in which portion of the skull are absent and/or fail to fuse permit extrusion of portions of the brain. Surgery is generally advised. ...Read more

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Please explain why is pneumonia not an interstitial lung disease?

Please explain why is pneumonia not an interstitial lung disease?

Consider an analogy: Regular pneumonia would fill the rooms in a hotel. The interstitial pneumonia would infect the walls of the rooms. When examined under the microscope the difference is clearly different. The chest x-ray is also different. ...Read more

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Can you please explain why asthma is an obstructive respiratory defect?

Can you please explain why asthma is an obstructive respiratory defect?

Obstruction: Asthma is considered an obstructive lung disease because the main problem that it causes is getting air out of the lungs. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is an ear disorder?

What sort of disorder is an ear disorder?

Nonspecific term: If u agree that the ear includes a nerve part/bones/drum/canal and outer skin cone;an ear disorder could relate to any piece. I have seen kids born without outer ears, with malformed or misplaced inner ears&without ear canals. There are agents that infect the nerve, middle ear & canal. There are conditions where the hearing is impaired for a variety of nerve or ear issues. ...Read more

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What is an asthma attack?

What is an asthma attack?

Exacerbation...: An asthma "attack" is an acute exacerbation of asthma caused by bronchospasm and inflammation of the airways. These exacerbations are recurrent but patients are often completely normal between attacks. Symptoms during the episode include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath. Patients may have low oxygen levels during the attack. Patients with these symptoms need immediate eval. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is a communication disorder?

What sort of disease is a communication disorder?

Multifactorial one: I will share this question with experts in the many fields who see people with communication disorders. It can be due to one or many interacting causes. Treatment often involves multiple approaches including education, speech therapy, occasionally medication, etc. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is a conduct disorder?

What sort of disease is a conduct disorder?

Childhood Disorders: Conduct disorder is defined as a group of behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents. Symptoms include aggression towards people and animals, destruction of property (fire setting), deceitfulness, lying, stealing, and serious violations of rules. Children exhibiting any of these symptoms need a comprehensive evaluation by a child/adolescent psychiatrist. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is a coccyx disorder?

What sort of disease is a coccyx disorder?

Coccyx: The coccyx is the name given to the very very end of the spine. Sometimes this area is referred to as the tailbone. A coccyx disorder can be the result of prolonged pressure resulting in a breakdown in the skin and creating an open wound. This is known as a pressure sore or bed sore. ...Read more

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