Doctor insights on:
What Is Adrenal Nodular Hypertrophy
Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more
Enzyme defeciency: This disease results from deficiency of an enzyme, 21 hydroxylase, that is essential for synthesis of adrenal hormones. Block in the synthesis of glucoroticoids causes excess production of male sex hormones. See this site for more information. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0001448/. ...Read more
What is meant by nodular thickening of the left adrenal gland related to hyperplasia without well defined nodule?
Size and location: The adrenal glands can increase in size due to hyperplasia (usually bilateral) or a tumor (adenoma or carcinoma). However, hyperplasia may give rise to a thickening of the gland by imaging. There is also nodular hyperplasia, which is often related to specific hormone production (cortisol, aldosterone, etc). Not sure if you are symptomatic. ...Read more
Thyroid with masses: Goiter usually means an enlarged thyroid gland, but can also refer a normal-sized gland with nodules or masses within it. Thyroid nodules are areas within the gland that stick out from the gland and can be felt when pressing on the neck, or may be areas that appear different from the normal gland on imaging tests like ultrasound or cat scans. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?
Endocrinologist: It means that there is abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland,which has three zones,symmetrically. An enlargement of a parathyroid gland is called hyperplasia. These findings are abnormal and are considered a multiglandular problem which requires the evaluation and treatment advice from an endocrinologist. ...Read more
For thyroid gland is boarderline enlarged. Right has single nodule likely adenoma. What does this mean?
Probably benign : Many thyroid glands are enlarged, and borderline means just slightly above normal size. The only way to tell if a thyroid nodule is benign or cancerous is with a biopsy. While some other tests may suggest it is benign the biopsy is the best way to tell. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Missing enzyme: There are different types. They all involve a deficiency of an enzyme needed in cortisol production. Since the pituitary senses there isn't enough cortisol, it keeps trying to make the adrenals make cortisol. But because that enzyme is missing, the building blocks of cortisol build up. These substances get turned into androgens - male hormones - and cause abnormalities in sexual development. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Goiter: Hypertrophic means "enlarged". Presumably you are reading an ultrasound report or some kind of imaging. Sounds like you have an enlarged thyroid (goiter). Did they see "nodules"? You should have thyroid blood tests to determine thyroid activity. In a 26 yo woman, high likelihood of Graves or Hashimotos. You may need to see an Endocrinologist. ...Read more
Different tumor type: An adrenal adenoma is just made up of adrenal cortical cells (the normal cells of the gland). A myelolipoma is composed of mature fat and bone marrow elements (also normal). This tumor has a very specific appearance by imaging -- and is usually not a functional tumor. It does not have to be removed, unless there are symptoms. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Biospy of thyroid report "Macrofollicular thyroid parenchyma, suggestive of nodular hyperplasia" What does this means?
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- Thickening and nodular adrenal
- Adrenal gland hypertrophy
- What is multi nodular goiter?
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