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Doctor insights on: What Is A Placental Abruption

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What is a placental abruption?

What is a placental abruption?

Placenta detaches: Placental abruption is when the placenta detaches from the uterine wall before the baby is born. This happens in only 1% of pregnancies. It can be dangerous as the baby may not get the same amount of oxygen and nutrients if the abruption is large. Patients may or may not have vaginal bleeding. Abruption has been linked to maternal high blood pressure, Cocaine use, abdominal trauma and smoking. ...Read more

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Dr. Kirstie Cunningham
75 doctors shared insights

Placental Abruption (Definition)

Defined as the premature separation of the placenta from the uterus, it is a significant ...Read more


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What is a placenta?

What is a placenta?

Connects mom & baby: The placenta is the tissue that grows inside the uterus and connects to a developing baby. It is commonly known as "after birth.". ...Read more

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What is a placenta previa?

What is a placenta previa?

Blocks birth canal.: Placenta previa occurs when it implants over the maternal cervix of the uterus, thereby blocking the birth canal and precluding safe vaginal delivery. This is a potentially life-threatening condition that is best managed by experienced obstetrician/maternal-fetal medicine specialist at a large tertiary hospital with blood bank and ICU availability. ...Read more

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What causes a placental abruption?

What causes a placental abruption?

Shearing forces: Abruption is a bleed from the placenta; a disruption of either the mother or baby's blood supply. Many causes: trauma, high blood pressure, drugs (cocaine), preterm labor, polyhydramnios. Can be very large or very small, so even US can miss a diagnosis. Symptoms: usually preterm contractions, sometimes vaginal bleed. Fetal monitoring is necessary. Wait, watch; abruption can self-heal sometimes. ...Read more

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What is a low-lying placenta?

What is a low-lying placenta?

If you have one: Your OB should have totally explained to you what that is and what you can do and not do so please call your OB and ask him or her that so they can explain that to you, it is a placenta that is close usually withing a few cms of the cervix. ...Read more

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What is meant by a partial placenta abruption?

What is meant by a partial placenta abruption?

Small section, ltd.: Abruption is a bleed from the placenta; a disruption of either the mother or baby's blood supply. Many causes: trauma, high blood pressure, drugs (cocaine), preterm labor, polyhydramnios. Can be very large or very small, so even US can miss a diagnosis. Symptoms: usually preterm contractions, sometimes vaginal bleed. Fetal monitoring is necessary. Wait, watch; abruption can self-heal sometimes. ...Read more

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Subchorionic hemorrhage, placental abruption, oligohydramnios (20w3d). What does this all mean? Is it serious?

Subchorionic hemorrhage, placental abruption, oligohydramnios (20w3d). What does this all mean? Is it serious?

Placenta: This means there is a collection of blood between the placenta and the uterine wall- therefore the abruption, the term oligohydramnios basically means low amniotic fluid and can have multiple causes including placenta dysfunction on the side of the mother, of problems with the fetus- problems with the kidneys. Please speak to your physician and seek a referral to a perinatologist. ...Read more

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Is it abruptio or placenta previa that bleeds when placenta is low?

Is it abruptio or placenta previa that bleeds when placenta is low?

May be both: A previa is usually painless bleeding when the cervix is changing (dilating) causing bleeding from torn vessels being sheared off. It is a type of abruption although any bleeding from a detaching placenta is strictly called an abruption. These are usually away from the cervix and can be associated with cramping, pain, or heavy bleeding. If you have a previa, let your doc know if you bleed. ...Read more

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Is there a connection between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption in pregnancy?

Is there a connection between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption in pregnancy?

No.: Two-vessel cord or single umbilical artery is not uncommon - 1-2% of all pregnancies have it. Abruption of the placenta is more rare (0.4-1%) and has not been associated with single umbilical artery. ...Read more

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What is placenta previa?

Placenta over cervix: Placenta previa is a complication of pregnancy where the placenta is covering the opening of the uterus called the cervix. It occurs in 1/200 pregnancies more commonly in patients with a previous c section. If diagnosed in early pregnancy it may resolve before delivery. If not a c section will be needed. It can cause painless bleeding often requiring bedrest. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Placental abruption?

What is the definition or description of: Placental abruption?

Placental abruption: Abruptio placentae is defined as the premature separation of the placenta from the uterus. As a significant cause of third-trimester bleeding, it is associated with fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Placental abruption must be considered whenever bleeding is encountered in the second half of pregnancy. ...Read more

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What causes a placental abruption ?

What causes a placental abruption ?

Shearing forces: Abruption is a bleed from the placenta; a disruption of either the mother or baby's blood supply. Many causes: trauma, high blood pressure, drugs (cocaine), preterm labor, polyhydramnios. Can be very large or very small, so even US can miss a diagnosis. Symptoms: usually preterm contractions, sometimes vaginal bleed. Fetal monitoring is necessary. Wait, watch; abruption can self-heal sometimes. ...Read more

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What is a fetal pole?

What is a fetal pole?

Early embryo body: Its the embryo body usually seen as a small dot next to a small circle, the yolk sac, during earliest stages of pregnancy. The first structure visible is the yolk sac. The fetal pole is then seen as a small bump on the yolk sack wall. If you think of a chicken's egg, it is the small white thickening next to the yolk that develops into the chicken. The yolk sac dissapears as the embryo grows. ...Read more

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How rare is placenta abruption with polyhydramnios?

Less rare: Placental abruption is one of the increased risks associated with poly-hydramnios. Even then it is still fairly uncommon. ...Read more

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Is there any link between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption?

Is there any link  between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption?

No.: Two vessel cord (i.e. Single umbilical artery) is seen in ~1% of all babies and is generally a normal variant. There is no association with placental abruption which is a notoriously impossible diagnosis to predict on an individual basis. Single umbilical artery may be associated with increased risk for small and anomalious babies and requires frequent testing after 32 weeks (fetal surveillance). ...Read more

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Is there any connection between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption?

Is there any connection between a two vessel cord and a placental abruption?

2 Vessel cord: A 2 vessel umbilical cord is associated with cardiac anomalies and chromosomal abnormalities, placental abruption is a common pregnancy complication, but is not particularly associated with 2 vessel cords. ...Read more

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What happens if there is bleeding from the placenta after an amneo? Is that the baby’s blood?

What happens if there is bleeding from the placenta after an amneo? Is that the baby’s blood?

Rare amnio risk: Usually the bleeding is limited thru the compression provided by the surounding placental tissue. This may occur only if the placenta is anterior and the operator must pierce the placenta first, to obtain fluid. The amniocentesis is always done with ultrasound visualization and this situation is very rare. If the mother is rh negative she should receive Rhogam immunization. ...Read more

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What is the best way to prevent a placental abruption?

What is the best way  to prevent a placental abruption?

Avoid abdomen injury: Avoid blows to the abdomen when pregnant. Even though the fetus is contained in a great "shock absorbing fluid"(amniotic fluid), sudden severe blows to the abdomen have been known to cause placental abruption. Please wear a seat belt when driving a vehicle even if one has to place a pillow in front of the abdomen for comfort. ...Read more