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Pericardium: Congenital absence or partial pericardium is found throughout the world. In most cases, it has no clinical significance, but can show up incidentally as shifted heart on ct scans and xrays. In some folks there could be clinical significance if they need to undergo surgery. There are also some theories that the pericardium aids in the contraction or elastic recoil of the heart. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2 layers: The pericardium is a 'sack' around the heart. Technically the pericardium has 2 layers . The visceral layer that lies against the heart and the parietal layer that is on the out side of the heart. There is a small amt of fluid in between. This protects the heart and acts as a physical barrier.Also acts as a buffer for the heart and insulates it. It can become inflamed and is called pericarditis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Small amount normal: There is normally a tiny amount of fluid there but if it increases it can compress the heart and cause problems. Finding the reason for the fluid such as bacterial infection, tb, tumor, or certain inflammatory disease is necessary to determine the treatment and the prognosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Pericardium: We probably don't realize the complete function of pericardium but among others -- we know that pericardium plays a major role in the hemodynamics of the organs -- in this case the heart and the lungs, the fluid exchange and the intrathoracic pressure regulation pertaining to that internal organs -- ad mechanical protection to the heart against trauma, infection, and metastasis --. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends; why removed: The pericardium is the lining sac that surrounds the heart. If the lining itself is diseased or the sac is filled with fluids with the net result being compromised cardiac function, then removing the pericardium or simply creating a "window", or a drainage outlet that allows fluid to be absorbed by the lung's pleural space, is needed. It then relieves the underlying problem, improving function. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Fluid: The pericardium is the space between the surface of the heart and the pericardial lining. Inside this space is usually a small amount of fluid, the pericardial fluid. Since the heart is constantly moving with each beat, the sac protects the heart and the fluid functions like oil on a piston to allow smooth, effortless movement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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