Doctor insights on:
What Is A Ketones
GGT: In a bolod test it is a measure of liver function. Gtt is present in the cell membranes of many tissues, including the kidneys, bile duct, pancreas, gallbladder, spleen, heart, brain, and seminal vesicles. it is involved in the transfer of Amino Acids across the cellular membrane and leukotriene metabolism. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Elevated blood sugar: Type 1 diabetes is caused by a destruction in Insulin producing cells. Adult (or type 2) diabetes is more common as you get older, if you have a family history of diabetes -- and is 70-90% related to weight. As you gain weight you become more resistant to Insulin until your pancreas is overwhelmed. It's the only risk factor you can control. ...Read more
Nutritarian: A nutritarian is a person who has a preference for foods that are high in micronutrients. The term “nutritarian” was coined by dr. Joel fuhrman. In his book, eat to live, he offers this health equation while describing the nutritarian approach to health. ...Read more
Kidney physician: Nephrologist is a physician who specializes in problems with kidney function and how the kidneys and their function or lack thereof affects the rest of the persons health. They may also be involved in the use of dialysis and kidney transplants as part of their treatment regimen. ...Read more
Metabolic problem: Cystinuria is a metabolic genetic disease that is associated with the leaking of Amino Acids in the urine--mainly cystine, ornithine, leucine, and arginine. However, when the urine is saturated with cystine, stones can form. Many patients suffer from frequent stone events and often need surgery. Cystine can also leak in the intestine, but usually doesn't cause symptoms. ...Read more
Protein: Main Diet: A protein diet is how any one who seeks to be lean and healthy should eat. The majority of your daily calories should come from protein sources. This means limiting the calories you get from carbohydrates and fats. This is new thinking in western medicine. But, it is good advice. 60% of your daily calories should be protein. ...Read more
Elevation of temp: A fever is an elevation of body temperature above "normal". Some define it as a temp exceeding 100, or a temp which in 24 hrs fails to get as low as 98.6. A normal temp varies during the day from early am when it may be as low as 97 to late afternoon/evening when it will reach 99.9. There are various definitions, some which are focused on when the fever is enuf to warrant doctor intervention. ...Read more
Cancerous: Cancerous of course is a term itself, denoting...Cancer. Depending on the biopsy diagnosis, the cancer may be named by it's tissue diagnosis, for example basal cell cancer, or squamus cell cancer. Not all tumors are cancerous, etc. The biopsy will determine pathology. To expire, is a medical term referring to when a patient dies (the pt "expired" after a long fight with lung cancer). ...Read more
SuperAgers are…: …people who live beyond 100 y/o (in the press) who are more than twice as likely to have a variant of gene called cetp. It helps control cholesterol & protects against heart disease & dementia—a longevity gene. In some, the body ages but the brain does not keep pace; these people are alert & active in their 70s/80s/90s/100s. They are being studied to id ways to give everyone these benefits. ...Read more
Medication reactions: Apetamin is a vitamin supplement that contains cyproheptadine. This is an old fashioned antihistamine traditionally used to help patients gain appetite. Antihistamines can call drowsiness, fast heart rate, dry mouth etc. I would not use this product until you have reviewed it with your MD to make sure your not at risk. Cross reacts with other at times. http://transmawfoods.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=488 ...Read more
Medical management: A "bruit" is noise transmitted from turbulent flow. The most common cause of a bruit is atherosclerosis either in the chest arteries or neck arteries. A fair number of healthy people can have a benign bruit due to turbulent flow. A few tests - carotid ultrasound, ankle brachial index can establish if there is atherosclerosis. If you do have atherosclerosis, medical management, no smoking is key. ...Read more
HbA1c: It depends on lab normals. Mostly less than 6 percent. Now many define less than 5.7 percent as completely normal. ...Read more
Uric acid: Gout is over accumulation of uric acid in the body. A gouty arthritis attack is one of the most severe joint pains possible. Other symptoms of gout can be kidney stones (also painful) or chalky deposits in the skin. Gout can cause joint deformity. Gout is a very treatable disease with dietary changes and medications. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
If body can not: get enough glucose to burn for energy or body does not have enough insulin to burn sugar or has enough insulin but cells are resistant to insulin then body burns fat to produce energy to make the organs work and the end products of braking down fat are ketons thrown out from body via urine. You do not want to much ketons , it makes brain swell , cause coma and dead. Contact me to discuss. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Ketones: There are 3 forms of "ketones": acetone, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and acetoacetate. Acetone comes off in your breath. The others are found in your urine and blood when there has been prolonged carb avoidance (fasting, low carb diets, and poorly controlled diabetes). The common measurement tools only measure beta-hydroxybutyrate, which is usually sufficient diagnostically. ...Read more
My last lab showed trace ketones in my urine but my fasting glucose is always perfect. What could cause ketones besides diabetes? Is trace bad?
Normal : If you skip a meal, trace or +1 is healthy ...Read more
What level of ketones is worrisome in urine in someone with an eating disorder? I know 0 is normal, is 80 little red flag or big red flag? Concern?
Ketones =starvation : The presence of ketones in the urine is indicative of starvation and the body has to switch to another form of metabolism. It is not how much is present but are they present or not. The most important thing is that the person maintain a normal weight. If you are concerned enough to get urine test, you should probably take the person to be evaluated. Also they may be at risk for electrolyte abnorma ...Read more
Alternate fuel: Prolonged fasting, or with Insulin deficiency, the body runs out of glucose or it can't use what's there if Insulin levels are too low. The body makes ketones as an alternate source of fuel for brain and heart when that happens. Prolonged ketosis isn't healthy; the rest of the body is starved and ?risk for ketoacidosis which causes acid buildup in the body. One can get quite sick from ketoacidosis. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
What is ketone breath and what does it smell like, and is it comparable to any other types of bad breath?
What does ketone breath smell like, what is it, exactly and how does it smell as opposed to any other kind of bad breath?
Could be DKA: Hi. Both glucose and ketones in urine could signal diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), although I would not rely on a urine test to make the diagnosis. If serum glucose is high and bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) is low with a so-called "anion gap acidosis", then it's DKA until proven otherwise. Is the patient a known diabetic? If not, he/she is a new one. DKA must be treated aggressively, but the patient will do fine. ...Read more
Together is serious: Glycosuria means sugar in the urine. It happens when the sugar level in the blood is high >180 mg/dl. It is reported in crosses (+, ++, +++, ++++) the higher the crosses the worst the sugar in blood. Ketones appear in urine and blood when the liver is burning fat like in the state of fasting, or when diabetes is complicated with ketoacidosis ( is a serious complication of type i diabetes). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Abnormal urine: Ketones (k) in the urine can be seen in a diabetics who need Insulin to control their glucose levels are denied it, something called diabetic ketoacidosis. K can also be seen in non-diabetics who are not eating carbohydrates, and shows they are using its fat stores for energy. Proteinuria comes from glomerular diseases of the kidney. Blood comes from uti's or problems in the urinary tract. ...Read more
What does the presence of ketones in urine mean!My friend is diabetic for years and is on medication.Checks his sugar at home with the machine.Help.
Could be DKA: Hi. Ketones in the urine of a diabetic could be diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Is your friend a type 1 or type 2 diabetic; either can get DKA, but type 1's more prone. This is likely if your friend is very sick. If so, he/she should contact his/her doc immediately or go to the ER. Ketones can be seen normally with fasting, so if your friend is NOT sick and is fasting, it's probably not a problem. ...Read more
Dehydration: It is generally a sign of dehydration. If you have diabetes, it can be a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis (too high a sugar level). It can be present in alcoholics with poor nutrition recently (alcoholic keto-acidosis) and in people who have not eaten lately (starvation keto-acidosis). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Fat breakdown: A common cause of ketone production (ketosis) is fatty acid breakdown. When the body utilizes fats for energy, ketones result and some enter into the urine for excretion. A larger amount of ketones in the urine can occur in starvation, diabetes, and other conditions in which fat and fatty acid breakdown is occuring at a more substantial pace than in the normal metabolic state. ...Read more
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