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Doctor insights on: What Is A Dissecting Aortic Aneurysm

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Amanda Xi Dr. Xi
14 doctors agreed:
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What is a dissecting aortic aneurysm?

Amanda Xi Dr. Xi
14 doctors agreed:
What is a dissecting aortic aneurysm?

Serious condition: An aortic dissection is when a tear develops in the inner layer of the aorta [which is a large blood vessel that branches from the heart] and blood enters between the inner and middle layers, causing them to separate. If the wall ruptures, then it is often fatal. If detected and treated early on, your chances of survival improves. With appropriate treatment your risk of death is 10%. ...Read more

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Dr. Mario Matos-Cruz
937 doctors shared insights

Aortic Aneurysm (Definition)

"Aneurysm" has scary implications for many people. It just means an enlargement of an artery. The problem is that when arteries (including the aorta) get too large, their walls become weak and prone to tear (dissection) or rupture. If this happens in the aorta it can be a catastrophe. Management of aortic aneurysms depends on where it is, how big, whether it's growing, ...Read more


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What does having dissecting aortic aneurysm mean?

What does having dissecting aortic aneurysm mean?

Tear of the aorta: The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body running from the heart to the top of the pelvis. It has a smooth lining and a muscular wall. A dissection of the aorta is a tear of the lining of the aorta allowing blood to pass between the lining and the wall which can cause problems in blood flow and in some cases can be life-threatening. Acute aortic dissection typically produces sharp sever. ...Read more

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What is the best treatment for dissecting aortic aneurysm?

What is the best treatment for dissecting aortic aneurysm?

Hospitalization: Acute dissection of an aortic aneurysm in the chest requires emergency care. There are different types, but dissection of an ascending aortic aneurysm will fatal over 90% of the time in hours to days unless treated with emergency surgery. Acute dissection of the descending aorta may be treated with surgery or medical care depending on the circumstances, but always requires hospitalization. ...Read more

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Do a lot of people get dissecting aortic aneurysm?

No: About 2000 new cases/yr in the US. Very high mortality. Hard to estimate actual occurrence, 1-3%of all autopsies or 1/350 cadavers. Very high mortality if ascending aorta involved. High index of suspicion, symptoms not consistent. If ascending aorta involved, emergency surgery needed. Most of descending aorta dissections can be managed medically into chronic. Periodic cat scans to monitor needed. ...Read more

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Do people with dissecting aortic aneurysm have a lot of pain?

Do people with dissecting aortic aneurysm have a lot of pain?

Most: Most patients with a dissection aortic aneurysm have a sensation of tearing in their chest that is painful and distressing. However, between 5-15% of patients with aortic dissection have a painless dissection, making detection more difficult. Unexplained hypotension with dyspnea and heart failure usually lead to a diagnostic echocardiogram... But missed diagnosis are common in this group. ...Read more

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Which treatment works the best and fastest for dissecting aortic aneurysm?

Which treatment works the best and fastest for dissecting aortic aneurysm?

TO THE O.R.!: Aortic dissection may be treated with medical management or emergent surgery. With the improvement of endovascular grafts, surgical repair seems more common. A vascular surgeon will advise based on anatomy and location of dissection, vessels/organs involved. I've seen a few interventional radiologists do things also. Most important is immediate evaluation! ...Read more

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Is aortic aneurysm same as aortic dissection?

Is aortic aneurysm same as aortic dissection?

No: An aortic dissection is a tear in the lining of the aorta, causing blood to leak into the aortic wall, causing pain and possibly hemodynamic issues. An aneurysm is an enlargement of the vessel to more than 2 times its normal size. Dissections may occur in aneurysms, and may become aneurysmal, but can occur independent of each other. ...Read more

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How does aortic dissection differs from aortic aneurysm?

How does aortic dissection differs from aortic aneurysm?

Aneurysm/Dissection: An aneurysm is an area where the aorta has ballooned out compared to the aorta below and above. The more expanded the greater the risk of rupture. Dissection is when there is a disruption of the inner layer of the aorta and blood can flow between the layers. This often will cause blockages of aortic branch vessels resulting in stroke, heart attack, and bowel/kidney infarction, etc. ...Read more

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Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more


Dr. Shadi Abu Halimah
1,389 doctors shared insights

Aneurysm (Definition)

An aneurysm is an abnormally dilated blood vessel, usually defined as a diameter 2x normal or larger. As weakened vessels get larger, there is risk of potential ...Read more