Top
30
Doctor insights on: What Happens When Cancer Spreads To The Brain

Share
1

1
What is the term for when cancer spreads to the brain?

What is the term for when cancer spreads to the brain?

Metastasis: This is called brain metastasis (singular) or metastases (plural). Sometimes the slang term "brain met" is used. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,344 Doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


2

2
How to determine if cancer has spread to the brain?

How to determine if cancer has spread to the brain?

Imaging studies...: If a person has cancer that has spread to the brain from another body site, the person may have symptoms such as headache, confusion, personality changes, seizures, etc...
If there is suspicion of metastatic cancer in the brain, then the patient can undergo imaging studies of the brain such as a ct scan or an mri. These studies will allow the care team to diagnoses metastases in most situations. ...Read more

3

3
How typical is it for cancer to spread to different parts of the brain?

How typical is it for cancer to spread to different parts of the brain?

Depends on tumor: Type. Some tumors spread to brain more often than others, e.g., lung cancer, melanoma spread to brain more often than colon cancer. ...Read more

4

4
Can cancer spread from brain to spine?

Can cancer spread from brain to spine?

There are some: Pediatric tumors, medulloblastoma, the descend via spinal fluid. And some adult tumor that spread to the brain, lung cancer, and then spinal fluid spread (small cell), but brain primary tumors rarely spread anywhere, and spine usually means bones not fluid. ...Read more

5

5
Can you tell me how cancer that has spread to the brain kill you?

Can you tell me how cancer that has spread to the brain kill you?

Metastatic cancer: People can die from metastatic cancer from different causes- including: severe infection, severe malnutrition, or organs failure. Metastatic disease to the brain should be treated obviously. Any occupying lesion in the brain may increase pressure inside the skull/brain. As the skull/brain is a close space- any increase pressure may cause herniation of the brain stem and it can cause demise. ...Read more

6

6
How can cancer that spread to brain kill you. Taking care of someone?

How can cancer that spread to brain kill you. Taking care of someone?

It often does: If the tumors in the brain grow to a big size (over 2-3 cm) they cause increasing compromise of brain functions due to raised intracranial pressure which leads to mental confusion, coma and death over a period of few weeks. ...Read more

8

8
How common is it for bladder cancer to spread to the brain?

How common is it for bladder cancer to spread to the brain?

Not common: Bladder cancer typically spreads to regional lymph nodes around bladder first. At advance stages, it may progress and spread to other abdominal organs (liver, prostate, vagina, uterus, urethra, etc.) but typically not brain. ...Read more

9

9
Could brain cancer spread from brain to spine?

Depending on what: Type of brain cancer and where the original lesion is, it is possible for metastasis. ...Read more

10

10
Does brain cancer spread from the brain into the spine?

Yes: Some brain cancers spread that way.
Examples:
cerebral glioblastoma,
anaplastic astrocytoma,
ependymoma/myxopapillary ependymoma,
posterior fossa medulloblastoma (pnet-mb),
pineal tumours (eg. Germinoma, pineoblastoma),
choroid plexus neoplasms. ...Read more

11

11
Mom had breast cancer in 2006 & in 2009 metastasis to lung, brain&eye happened. On 2012 tumor spread to bones and liver. Now she can't move easily&tired?

Mom had breast cancer in 2006 & in 2009 metastasis to lung, brain&eye happened. On 2012 tumor spread to bones and liver. Now she can't move easily&tired?

Fatigue: I would suggest getting in touch with a palliative care specialist. Your mom may benefit from optimizing her medications and improving her symptom and pain control. They can also help give advice for your social situation in helping taking care of her. She may benefit from inpatient or outpatient hospice. ...Read more

12

12
Can thyroid cancer spread to the brain?

Can thyroid cancer spread to the brain?

Thyroid cancer: It is extremely rare for thyroid cancer to spread to the brain. If it occurs, it usually has spread to other places in the boxt ...Read more

13

13
Does brain cancer ever spread to the lungs?

Does brain cancer ever spread to the lungs?

Almost never: Tumors that start in the brain (such as glioma- the most common primary tumor) almost never metastasize outside the brain, to the extent that they are reportable as case reports. ...Read more

14

14
Can thyroid cancer spread to the brain?

Can thyroid cancer spread to the brain?

Yes but rare: Thyroid cancers do spread (meta) to brain less frequently. ...Read more

15

15
Should radiation be done before cancer cells from nsclc spread to brain?

Should radiation be done before cancer cells from nsclc spread to brain?

See below: In certain situations; I am assuming u are referring to prophylactic cranial irridiation; sclc patients may benefit from pci after a response to chemotherapy/radiation. ...Read more

16

16
What is the survival rate for someone with stage 4 ovarian cancer that has spread to the brain, when she is 84?

What is the survival rate for someone with stage 4 ovarian cancer that has spread to the brain, when she is 84?

Unfortunately, low: Stage IV ovarian cancer unfortunately has a very low survival rate. The five year survival rate for this stage is around 11%. ...Read more

17

17
Person has stage 4 cancer with mets to the brain, and now has bilateral pneumonia, how bad is this? Is this the cancer trying to spread? What's next?

Very bad: The cancer does not have to try to spread, it already has. Discuss this with the person's doctor and get an estimate of how long they are expected to survive and whether it is time to call in hospice. You also need to ask what further therapy is likely to make a meaningful difference in survival and whether that survival is functional or just further misery. Good luck. ...Read more

18

18
Why does lung cancer spread to the brain so often?

Why does lung cancer spread to the brain so often?

Lung cancer: The different cell types of lung cancer have the propensity to spread to different organs either due to blood stream patterns, adjacent anatomy or the affinity of these other organs to receive and grow these cancer strains. It turns out that the brain is one of those susceptible organs. ...Read more

19

19
Advanced prostrate cancer spread to brain, spine and liver/what is life expectancy time?

Not long...: ...I'm afraid, particularly if it's spread to the brain. It may vary depending on whether he gets treatment and how well it works but in general his prognosis is very poor. I would focus on helping him feel as good as possible for whatever time he is given rather than guessing how long he actually has. ...Read more

20

20
If cancer started in the penis would you be dead before it got to the brain? Or could it spread all the way to the brain and then kill you?

If cancer started in the penis would you be dead before it got to the brain? Or could it spread all the way to the brain and then kill you?

Cancer spread: The spread of cancer is 3 ways: local where infiltrates surrounding area; through the lymph system which goes through the body like the blood system. Both these systems can spread cancer to any part of the body at any one time if the cancer is in it. If the cancer is not in one of the systems the cancer may never get to the brain. The general answer to your question is either could occur. ...Read more

21

21
The doctors think my grandpa's bladder cancer spread to his brain but how? He hasn't had bladder cancer in about 6 months. He does have CLL leukemia

The doctors think my grandpa's bladder cancer spread to his brain but how? He hasn't had bladder cancer in about 6 months. He does have CLL leukemia

Probable bladder met: CLL usually remains dormant for long periods. I've had several patients with bladder Ca with mets to brain. Prior to treatment of the primary bladder lesion which can control disease either by fulguration and or BCG some tumor cells may have invaded blood system. Cells in blood have reservoir in bone marrow and as such 6 mo. After primary treatment cells leave marrow to implant in brain ...Read more

22

22
How would lung cancer (tumor) spread to the brain?

How would lung cancer (tumor) spread to the brain?

Blood vessels: The cancer grows into small blood vessels and sheds cells that move through the blood stream to distant sites, lung, then rest of body. ...Read more

24

24
Stage 4 cancer that has spread to liver lungs and brain. What is live expectancy.?

Stage 4 cancer that has spread to liver lungs and brain. What is live expectancy.?

Stage IV lung cancer: Straight to the point...There is nothing that will change or delay the inevitalbe. Everyday is a blessing and is precious and you should treat it as such. The text books will say six months or less but it is usually a lot less. Some patients will last a few days and others will take a few weeks depending on their overall strength. They are only traveling the path we all will soon follow. ...Read more

25

25
Is it possible for physicians to miss the dx. Of cancer on an MRI when it has spread all the way to your brain?

Is it possible for physicians to miss the dx. Of cancer on an MRI when it has spread all the way to your brain?

Not often: Mri is quite good at recognizing metastatic cancer in the brain, once a tumor had grown to the size at which it can be detected...Usually a few millimeters in diameter. Mri cannot detect microscopic spread. Of course, it is always possible for MRI films to be misread, as those who read them are human and might make a mistake. ...Read more

26

26
Friends dad has liver cancer that has spread into the blood and reached his brain and is halucinating constantly will he survive?

Friends dad has liver cancer that has spread into the blood and reached his brain and is halucinating constantly will he survive?

How long?: The hallucinations are likely from the specific area effected by the cancer in brain and in and of themselves do not change survival time. Swelling of the brain is more critical and once there are metastasis to the brain survival time is very limited ...Read more

27

27
Can breast cancer spread to the brain, be cured?

Can breast cancer spread to the brain, be cured?

Mets to Brain: Unfortunately, a cure would be very unlikely. But, survivial time and quality of life are increasing there are meds that can treat disease that spreads and newer treatment that involve radiation that specfically targets small tumors. Reasearch and trials of antibodies
targeting certain tumor types continue. Still, the best way is finding the breast cancer very early in the breast through exams etc. ...Read more

28

28
At what maximum rate can breast cancer spread to the brain?

At what maximum rate can breast cancer spread to the brain?

Depends: This depends on the biology of the cancer and the initial stage of the disease when brought to medical attention. "triple-negative" breast cancers (er-, pr-, her2-) are more likely to result in brain metastases than "hormone-receptor" positive breast cancers, which tend to have slower courses of recurrence and don't usually show up in the brain. Talk to your surgeon or oncologist for more info! ...Read more

29

29
Life expectancy for stage 4 bowel cancer which has spread to the brain and liver?

Life expectancy for stage 4 bowel cancer which has spread to the brain and liver?

Highly variable: In colon cancer, up to 25% survival at 3 years, if good response to chemo. Every colon cancer responds to meds differently, and new genetic tests can help pick meds that might be best. I recommend to get affairs in order, apologize to those who you have wronged/crossed, express love & gratitude to those for whom you care, and find joy and peace in each day. Best wishes! Dr. T. ...Read more

30

30
Why does lung cancer usually spread to the brain, thereby producing brain tumors?

Brain Mets: (metastasis) as an entity comprise 100k per year. Lung cancer leads the league, but breast, melanoma, kidney are quite common. Prostate almost never. Only rhabdoid tumors in children commonly go to brain. This pattern stares at us, but baffles us as to why "organotropic" patterns of metastasis are so predictable. ...Read more