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Doctor insights on: What Happens In The Fourth Stage Lung Cancer

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,310 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What is metastasis and at what stage during the devolopment of lung cancer does it start to occur?

What is metastasis and at what stage during the devolopment of lung cancer does it start to occur?

Distant spread: A tumor is said to have metastasized when it spreads to a distant site through lymphatics or blood vessels. The molecular changes in the tumor associated with ability to metastasize vary with different tumors and are not clearly defined. In some types of lung cancers, metastases can occur even before cancer becomes detectable by x-ray. ...Read more

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What to expect in the final stages of lung cancer?

What to expect in the final stages of lung cancer?

Several: Worsening breathing fluid retention weight loss - cachexia no appetite pallor fatigue confusion and more! best wishes. Love your family. ...Read more

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What are the risk in second stage of liver cancer?

What are the risk in second stage of liver cancer?

Progression : Sounds like you are using the tnm classification for liver cancer staging. The risk is progression, worsening liver failure and death. Liver transplant is the only way to survive. Prognosis & survival can be prolonged by minimally invasive interventional radiology procedures - chemo-embolization, radio-embolization, & thermal-ablation. These can also be done as a bridge to liver transplantation! ...Read more

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What is the survival rate of stomach cancer in its early stage?

What is the survival rate of stomach cancer in its early stage?

Unfortunately...: It really depends on the total staging of the gastric cancer. "early stage" might mean something different for you and me. If you have the t stage, nodal stage, and metastasis information, it will help clarify what stage and survival rates. ...Read more

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What happens in the 4th stage of ovarian cancer, how long is life expectancy in this final stage?

What happens in the 4th stage of ovarian cancer, how long is life expectancy in this final stage?

Unpredictable: There are many different types of ovarian cancer. Stage IV means it is in the liver or outside the peritoneal cavity. Two types can still be cured most of the time no matter how advanced. Around 15% of women with other stage IV ovarian cancers are alive 5 years later. Good luck. ...Read more

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What is the fourth stage of liver/stomach cancer ?

What is the fourth stage of liver/stomach cancer ?

Advanced: Staging varies a little depending on whether the cancer started in the liver or in the stomach but either way means an advanced cancer that extends to organs other than the place from which it originated. Prognosis is not good, i'm afraid. Very sorry, dear. ...Read more

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What can you expect in the final stages of metastasis lung and brain cancer?

What can you expect in the final stages of metastasis lung and brain cancer?

Prognosis: Obviosly prognosis is not good in this situation. Usual treatment is palliative to keep patient comfortable. Radiation therapy can help neurological symptoms. Disease widening with increase shortness of breath, respiratory failure, pneumonia, infection and pain related to cancer can happen. Palliative chemotherapy can help to improve symptoms. ...Read more

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What to expect in the final stages of metastasis for somebody with lung cancer?

What to expect in the final stages of metastasis for somebody with lung cancer?

End of life: Towards the last days in any cancer patients life it really is about the same.They are kept comfortable with pain meds, they quit eating, growing weaker, sleep more.When they are awake they usually have pain so more meds are given and hence they sleep more and more. At the very end their breathing becomes irregular and noisy...And then eventually stops.Hopefully they have passed peacefully. ...Read more

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What can I expect during the final stages of metastasis lung and brain cancer?

What can I expect during the final stages of metastasis lung and brain cancer?

Difficult: Very difficult to answer as each person is different. If the metastases in the brain themselves result in death, people usually develop anything from headaches, confusion, seizures, weakness, or numbness, ultimately developing difficulty breathing if swelling becomes severe enough. Brain swelling can be treated with steroids and the tumors with radiation, and sometimes surgery or chemo. ...Read more

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What happens in the last stages of copd?

What happens in the last stages of copd?

End-stage...: In the final stages of copd, the patient is typically bed-bound due to severe shortness of breath present even at rest and which worsens with even minimal activity. They require supplemental oxygen at all times. Eventually, they cannot breathe effectively and they become unconscious due to the build-up of carbon dioxide which they cannot exhale. Then, death occurs. Avoid smoking to prevent this.. ...Read more

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What about survival in end stage of pulmonary fibrosis?

What about survival in end stage of pulmonary fibrosis?

Variable: Unfortunately, as a medical term, pulmonary fibrosis means different things to different doctors. Your doctor is in the best position to explain the situation and the likelihood of survival. ...Read more

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What is the survival rate of lung cancer at stage 2b?

What is the survival rate of lung cancer at stage 2b?

Need more info!: What type of lung cancer? Different types have different survival rates. That being said, the average 5 year survival for all stage 2 lung cancers is 40-50%. Just remember what mark twain had to say about statistics: "there are 3 kinds of lies: lies, damn lies, and statistics!" statistics apply to groups. Individual experiences can, and do, vary. ...Read more

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What happens when osteosarcoma spreads to a lung? Is the tumor treated in the lungs?

What happens when osteosarcoma spreads to a lung? Is the tumor treated in the lungs?

Depends on extent: Osteosarcoma is found in the lungs as metastatic disease during initial diagnosis or at relapse/ progression of disease. Lung mets that are isolated or limited in number might be able to be removed surgically. Additional chemotherapy would then be needed afterwards in an attempt to prevent further recurrence. However, lung involvement is an ominous finding. ...Read more

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What are the odds of having adenocarcinoma of the left lung and adenosquamous carcinoma of the right. Each is considered a primary cancer?

What are the odds of having adenocarcinoma of the left lung and adenosquamous  carcinoma of the right.  Each is considered a primary cancer?

Not Common: The incidence of having 2 different primary lung cancers diagnosed at the same time is quoted between 2-16% (synchronous multiple primary lung cancers). If they are microscopically different tumors, they likely represent two different primary lung cancers rather than metastatic spread of one or the other. One or both could also be metastatic cancer coming from a different site in the body. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy once metastatic cancer is found in the bones and lungs?

What is the life expectancy once metastatic cancer is found in the bones and lungs?

Depends: Depends on the primary cancer diagnosis and other issues. Bone mets can be treated with bisphosphonate (zometa) or Denosumab (xgeva) as well as radiation or systemic (eg chemo) therapy. ...Read more

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Can liver transplant is possible in the fourth stage of liver cancer?

Can liver transplant is possible in the fourth stage of liver cancer?

May be: Depends on type of cancer, location, size and number of lesions. If stage 4 is from another site ( like colon cancer) then transplant is not an option. U need to discuss with ur oncologist. ...Read more

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Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


Dr. David Cooke
855 doctors shared insights

Lung Cancer (Definition)

Cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell lung cancer and ...Read more