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Doctor insights on: What Exactly Is Nephritis And What Are The Causes

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What exactly is nephritis and what are the causes?

What exactly is nephritis and what are the causes?

A little vague term: The term nephritis generally means inflammation of the kidneys filtering units. The usual term is glomerulonephritis gn. However, whatever term you use is not adequate to describe the underlying mechanism of disease. That is why the full terms are membranous glomerulonephritis, minimal glomerulonephritis, hereditary nephritis etc. If you have nephritis ask you doctor for the full name/description. ...Read more

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Dr. Edmond Gonzales
212 doctors shared insights

Nephritis (Definition)

Acute or chronic inflammation of kidney due to infection, degenerative process or vascular disease. ...Read more


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What exactly is ovarian failure and what are the symptoms?

What exactly is ovarian failure and what are the symptoms?

Menopause: It really means that there are little or no eggs left in the ovaries and therefore the ovary is not making any more estrogen. Women stop having periods, they may be hot/sweaty during the day or night, may have vaginal dryness, decreased sex drive, and be prone to depression/anxiety/mood swings. Sometimes it happens all of the sudden and sometimes gradual. ...Read more

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What is xerophthalmia and what are the symptoms?

What is xerophthalmia and what are the symptoms?

Eye dryness: When the tear flow is lowered or the composition of tears is deficient in wetting agents and oils, the eye can get dry and the technical term for that is xerophthalmia. The common symptoms are overflow tears, redness, itching, crusting, light sensitivity and sometimes lowered vision. Check with your ophthalmologist to get into a good therapeutic progression. ...Read more

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What is pseudohypoaldosteronism? What are the symptoms?

What is pseudohypoaldosteronism? What are the symptoms?

Rare genetic problem: psuedohypoaldosteronism is a rare genetic disorder presenting in infants in which there is "salt wasting" by the kidneys leading to dehydration, low blood pressure, high potassium levels. It is due to the kidneys not responding appropriately to aldosterone. ...Read more

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Hi what is lupus and what are the symptoms

Hi what is lupus and what are the symptoms

It depends: There are four types of lupus: lupus erythematosus, a chronic autoimmune disease with several different forms lupus anticoagulant, an antibody causing a delay in coagulation assays lupus pernio, a chronic skin lesion associated with sarcoidosis lupus vulgaris, an ulcerative skin disease associated with tuberculosis and the symptoms are different in different types. ...Read more

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What is a keratopathy and what are the symptoms?

Corneal disease: Keratopthy refers to a disease or abnormality of the cornea, the clear crystal over the iris or colored part of the true. The symptoms could be pain, light sensitivity or blurred vision. ...Read more

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What is the significance hypertension and what are the causes of it?

What is the significance hypertension and what are the causes of it?

Hypertension: Hypertension untreated can cause heart and brain damage. Causes are numberous. Most common cause is related to lifestyle but other causes can be related to kidneys and certain hormone elevation. ...Read more

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What is pleurisy?  what causes it, and what are the treatments?

What is pleurisy?  what causes it, and what are the treatments?

Pleurisy: Pleurisy is an inflammation of the lining of the lung tissues, pleura. Some of the causes include infections (viral, bacterial, tb, fungal), autoimmune diseases, blood clots, and injuries. Treatments should be directed towards the underlying cause such as antibiotics for the bacterial infection. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs can help control the pain associated with it. ...Read more

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What is lupus? What are the symptoms?

What is lupus? What are the symptoms?

Lupus: Lupus is an autoimmune disease where your body is under attack by your immune systems. There are many symptoms of lupus. Please see the lupus foundation's website for more detail and discussion about---they have great educational support. ...Read more

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What are the risks of pcos? What does it mean and what is the treatment?

What are the risks of pcos? What does it mean and what is the treatment?

PCOS: It may be present in up to 30% of women. It is an Insulin resistant state that is characterized by weight gain, irregular or absent periods, hair growth, infertility and predisposition to diabetes. Diet, exercise and weight loss will help, as will metformin which can reduce Insulin resistance and regularize menses and even fertility. Education and other medication may be needed for high glucose. ...Read more

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What is anemia and what are the symptoms?

What is anemia and what are the symptoms?

Symptoms may be same: Anemia means that the red blood cell count is low. The symptoms of anemia are usually fatigue, shortness of breath. These symptoms are not by any means related to anemia alone. They can be present in many medical situations. ...Read more

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What is polyneuritis? What are the symptoms?

What is polyneuritis? What are the symptoms?

Inflammatory: Autoimmune peripheral nerve disorder. Acute would be Guillain-Barre, with ascending muscular weakness. Chronic would be CIDP, an on-going peripheral nerve caused weakness due to inflammatory attack on peripheral nerves. ...Read more

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What is tonsillitis and what are the symptoms?

What is tonsillitis and what are the symptoms?

Tonsils...: ...Are the lumps on the two sides of the throat; when they are inflamed, that's called tonsillitis. Symptoms are usually: sore throat, fever, stomach ache is also possible, as well as difficulty swallowing. ...Read more

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What exactly is multiple sclerosis? What is the usual prognosis and what is the treatment?

What exactly is multiple sclerosis? What is the usual prognosis and what is the treatment?

Autoimmune: Ms is a disease where the immune system attacks the coverings of nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Susceptibility due to heredity and environment seem to affect who gets afflicted. The prognosis is improving dramatically these days due to new medicines. Therapies include tysabri, (natalizumab) gilenya, copaxone, betaseron, rebith, extavia, etc. ...Read more

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What is pseudohypoparathyroidism? What are the symptoms?

What is pseudohypoparathyroidism? What are the symptoms?

Resistance to PTH: Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare condition which results in resistance to the effect of parathyroid hormone. Hypocalcemia develops and causes tingling and muscle cramps and, rarely, seizures. ...Read more

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What is costochondritis and what are the symptoms?

What is costochondritis and what are the symptoms?

Chest inflammation: Pain and inflammation where the rib cage meets the sternum in the middle of the chest. ...Read more

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What is gout? What are the symthoms?

What is gout? What are the symthoms?

Metabolic disorder: Gout is a disease in which your body makes too much uric acid or does not get rid of it properly. Symptoms can include single joint pain, extreme, hot and swollen. Classically in the big toe joint. Typically triggered by certain foods that are high in purine. Talk to your PCP and discuss. If left untreated can lead to degenerative changes due to erosions of joint by uric acid. ...Read more

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What is gout? What are the symthoms?

What is gout? What are the symthoms?

Metabolic disorder: Gout is a disease in which your body makes too much uric acid or does not get rid of it properly. Symptoms can include single joint pain, extreme, hot and swollen. Classically in the big toe joint. Typically triggered by certain foods that are high in purine. Talk to your PCP and discuss. If left untreated can lead to degenerative changes due to erosions of joint by uric acid. ...Read more

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What is a stroke? What are the causes of strokes and what are the signs?

What is a stroke? What are the causes of strokes and what are the signs?

CVA: Stroke is blockage of blood vessels causing secondary death of brain tissue. This can occur due to local thrombosis or distal embolism. The latter might be due to a clot from the heart, the former associated with hypertension, diabetes, high blood fats, homocysteine. Could present with sudden focal weakness of arm and leg, loss of speech or vision, gait imbalance, etc. ...Read more

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What exactly is nephritis and what are the causes?

A little vague term: The term nephritis generally means inflammation of the kidneys filtering units. The usual term is glomerulonephritis gn. However, whatever term you use is not adequate to describe the underlying mechanism of disease. That is why the full terms are membranous glomerulonephritis, minimal glomerulonephritis, hereditary nephritis etc. If you have nephritis ask you doctor for the full name/description. ...Read more

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What exactly is masugi nephritis?

Nephritis: An experimentally produced, immune-mediated nephritis. Called also nephrotoxic nephritis. ...Read more

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What exactly is trench nephritis?

Obsolete: "Trench Nephritis" is an obsolete term for glomerulonephritis..It goes back to World War I when a lot of soldiers developed it. There are different types of nephritis (inflammation of microscopic anatomical portions of the kidney called the glomeruli). There are different types of nephritis but hen the term is used without specifying,they usually are referring to glomerulonephritis.Hope this answe ...Read more

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What to do if I have tubulointerstitial nephritis can some explain to me what it does exactly?

Kidney structure: Kidney specialists look at kidney as 3 compartments- glomerulus, tubulointerstitial and vascular.Tubulointerstitium consists of tubules and interstitium involved in absorption/secretion of electrolytes, water and acids. When diseases affect this part, it is called tubulointerstial nephritis. ...Read more

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What exactly is nephritis of pregnancy?

What exactly is nephritis of pregnancy?

Eclampsia: During some pregnancies there can be a state of toxemia related to abnormal placental function which leads to acute kidney damage and severe hypertension sometimes with convulsions. The kidneys suffer damage to blood vessels with excessive coagulation and loss of filtration first heralded by protein in the urine. ...Read more

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What causes lupus nephritis in a 23 year old how is it cured and what is the treatment?

Autoantibodies: Lupus nephritis is produced when autoantibodies cause inflammation of the kidney glomeruli and tubules. It is one of the organs affected by lupus Often a biopsy needed to determine severity and prognosis-class I,II,III, IV, V, and VI, with six being the most severe. Treatment includes corticosteroid, azothioprin, cyclophosamide, mycophenelate mofetil,cyclosporin. dialysis. Remission can occur. ...Read more

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How do chicken pox cause acute glomerolu nephritis?

How do chicken pox cause acute glomerolu nephritis?

Not clear: There are a number of viral infections identified as uncommon causes for glomerulonephritis. Hepatitis b and HIV are also well known culprits. ...Read more

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Kidney nephritis- can high dose Valacyclovir/Valtrex (4g daily)cause it? Negative ANA but mild kidney nephritis consistent with ckd.

Kidney nephritis- can high dose Valacyclovir/Valtrex (4g daily)cause it? 

Negative ANA but mild kidney nephritis consistent with ckd.

?: Unlikely, this is complex, depends on several factors, underlying conditions, and other medications taken concomitantly, your treating doctors can answer you better, but why are you on this high dose of valacyclovir? ...Read more

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Sle pt on cellcept (mycophenolate mofetil). If cellcept (mycophenolate mofetil) can cause increased bun why is it used for lupus nephritis? Also can it increase creatinine?

Sle pt on cellcept (mycophenolate mofetil).  If cellcept (mycophenolate mofetil) can cause increased bun why is it used for lupus nephritis? Also can it increase creatinine?

Because it works: Cellcept (mycophenolate mofetil) is the preferred drug for lupus nephritis because it is very effective and has much less risk than alternative meds. It does not cause significant elevations of BUN or creatinine. ...Read more

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Nephritis, mouth sores caused by a molar pregnancy or metotrexate?

Nephritis, mouth sores caused by a molar pregnancy or metotrexate?

Methotrexate: Methotrexate in high doses can cause be toxic to the kidney, causing kidney injury. The term "nephritis" is usually reserved for a specific disease process rather than drug-induced damage. Methotrexate is a well-known cause of mucositis or mouth sores. ...Read more

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Symptoms of nephritis?

Glomerular swelling: There could be blood seen in urine- urine test can also show protein in urine. BP could increase.There could be worsening of kidney function with elevation on urea and creatinine levels in the blood. There can also be swelling in the legs. ...Read more

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What benign nephritis is?

What benign nephritis is?

Benign GN - opinion: Benign nephritis is a term used by a nephrologist to describe his/her opinion of a patient's condition. Usually this term is attached to patient's with nonproteinuric IgA nephropathy, thin basement membrane disorder, or recovered post infectious gn. It is an opinion, it is not a guarantee, but when used by a nephrologist it usually means low risk of progression to esrd. ...Read more

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What are the tests for nephritis?

What are the tests for nephritis?

Blood & Urine tests: A complete serum chemistry and a complete 24 hour urine collection for cr, protein, igg, glucose, electrolytes, ana, etc. Needed. Theses may be either be done by your primary care doctor or a nephrologist. ...Read more

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What are the major symptoms of nephritis?

What are the major symptoms of nephritis?

See below: The most common symptoms of nephritis will typically be elevated blood pressure with values sometimes extremely elevated, increased swelling of the feet and legs from fluid retention which then will result in weight gain. Shortness of breath can occur if fluid builds up in the lungs. Obviously labs will be abnormal including kidney function abnormalities and abnormal urine tests. ...Read more

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What are the primary symptoms of nephritis?

What are the primary symptoms of nephritis?

Changes in the urine: Nephritis means inflammation of the kidney. This can sometimes result in blood or protein being lossed in the urine manifesting as a smoky or frothy urinary appearance nephritis can result in kidney injury and as such, patients may present with feelings of fatigue, swelling and elevated blood pressure. In may instances, nephritis causes no symptoms and is picked up incidentally bo routine labs. ...Read more

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What is the difference between nephrosis and nephritis?

What is the difference between nephrosis and nephritis?

Inflammation: Nephritis refers to inflammation of the kidney, and can be acute or chronic. It has a variety of causes. Nephrosis is a degenerative disease, usually of a specific part of the kidney called the renal tubule. A nephrosis is generally thought of as any kidney disease that is non-inflammatory. ...Read more

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What to do if I'm 25 years old.i had nephritis when I was 15?

Nephritis: You did not mention what type of nephritis you had at age 15. Have you had any episodes of it since? If you spent 10 years without seeing a physician and had no problem with your kidneys, you are probably fine. To confirm that, however, you need to see either physician, preferably a nephrologist to make sure. Good luck. ...Read more