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Doctor insights on: What Does The P Mean In Pvd In Vascular Disease Related To Diabetes

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Dr. Joel Gotvald
321 doctors shared insights

Vascular Disease (Definition)

The vascular system is made up with 3 components, arteries, veins, and lymph channels. The most common description of vascular disease is usually associated with arterial insufficiency, also known as PAD. This usually is more of an issue as people age, who also have associated medical conditions to include diabetes, hypertension, heart ...Read more


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What does hypertension attack in the body?

What does hypertension attack in the body?

Heart, brain, +more: Hypertension, or high blood pressure, causes damage to many organs in the body. It can damage the heart by causing a heart attack or heart failure. It can also attack the brain by causing stroke. It can damage the kidneys, leading to renal failure. Finally, it can damage the eyes and cause blindness. For this reason, anyone with hypertension should visit a doctor so it can be properly treated. ...Read more

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Why does coronary heart disease occur in the body?

Why does coronary heart disease occur in the body?

CAD: Classical risk factors for atherosclerotic disease: 1. Genetics (chose your parents wisely!) 2. High blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol/triglycerides 3. Smoking, obesity, no exercise, high fat diet 4. Poor dental health take care of yourself :-). ...Read more

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How does sublexation of the spine relate to diabetes, heart disease, or obesity?

How does sublexation of the spine relate to diabetes, heart disease, or obesity?

Minimally: Subluxation of the spine.... Might limit exercise and therefore contribute to obesity which leads to diabetes and development of early heart disease. Other than that there is no relation whatsoever. ...Read more

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I've hypertension and I have proteinurea and i'm not diabetic, the presence of proteins in urine is it due to kidney disease or to hypertension itself?

I've hypertension and I have proteinurea and i'm not diabetic, the presence of proteins in urine is it due to kidney disease or to hypertension itself?

HTN and proteinuria: Hypertension can indeed cause proteinuria, though typically this indicates uncontrolled hypertension. Polycystic kidney disease can cause proteinuria, and this indicates a worse form. Other kidney diseases do cause proteinuria and hypertension together. ...Read more

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Does peripheral arterial disease always start in the legs?

Not always: Pad can technically refer to any arterial disease outside the aorta or coronary vasculature. It is frequently in the legs, but also commonly in the carotid arteries, and sometimes in the arteries of the arms or stomach organs. The last two are rarer. Pad is important because the underlying process that causes arterial blockages is essentially the same no matter which arteries are involved. ...Read more

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Why does vascular disease develop in diabetics?

Why does vascular disease develop in diabetics?

Inflammation: Diabetes can lead to protein changes and inflammation, leading to atherosclerosis, or narrowing and stiffening of blood vessels. Depending on the location, these narrowed arteries may cause heart attack (heart or coronary arteries), stroke (carotid), amputations due to infection/poor healing (legs & feet), blindness (eyes), and kidney failure (kidneys). ...Read more

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Hypertension and blindness in lateral visual fields of both eyes. The lab found elevated blood glucose and high gl. What does this mean in layman's terms?

Hypertension and blindness in lateral visual fields of both eyes. The lab found elevated blood glucose and high gl. What does this mean in layman's terms?

Possible diabetes: High blood sugars (depending on the timing of when you last ate and how high the value was) most often indicate a pre-diabetic condition or diabetes. You should have yourself evaluated right away, particularly since you have eye disease. It may not be related to diabetes, but patients wtih diabetes are prone to different eye diseases. Feel better! ...Read more

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If there's peripheral cyanosis due to peripheral vascular disease and central cyanosis due to heart disease simultaneously how to know each cause?

If there's peripheral cyanosis due to peripheral vascular disease and central cyanosis due to heart disease simultaneously how to know each cause?

Combination : Various testing and history and exams. Blue babies are generally central. Some older persons have blocked vessels, bad lungs, and other signs and symptoms. A rare person will have both and several causes: congestive heart failure, smoker- COPD, atherosclerosis and DVT etc. One needs to evaluate multi system. ...Read more

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How does a doctor know the difference between diabetic nerve pain and peripheral arterial disease?

Diabetic neuropathy: Diabetic neuropathy usually causes pain in the lower extremities at rest. Peripheral artery disease is usually cramping in the calves when walking. Ultimately your doctor can decide with good physical exam. ...Read more

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How does coronary artery disease develop in the body?

How does coronary artery disease develop in the body?

Slowly: Low density lipoprotein (ldl) is taken up by endothelial cells in blood vessels. The LDL is broken down (oxidized) and absorbed by macrophages within the wall of the blood vessel. Ultimately, the macrophage which is full of oxidized LDL will die. The dead cells and cholesterol accumulate in the wall of the artery interfering with the flow of blood. ...Read more

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How common is an ANA 1:640 in centromere pattern? Is it common to have vascular symptoms of raynauds, digital ischemia and stenosis in toes and exercise-induced pH w/o developing skin thickening?

How common is an ANA 1:640 in centromere pattern?  Is it common to have vascular symptoms of raynauds, digital  ischemia and stenosis in toes and exercise-induced pH w/o developing skin thickening?

Somewhat: ANA in titers of 1:160 occur in up to 10 % of the population as does raynaud's, especially in smokers. However, digital ischemia is less common and more concerning as is the ph. You should definitely see a doctor for these if you are not already doing so. ...Read more

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How to determine you have peripheral artery disease of the calf?

How to determine you have peripheral artery disease of the calf?

With a complete w/u: See your doctor and undergo a complete history and physical exam with a vascular work up if neede. ...Read more

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What effect does the LDL receptor have in cholesterol diseases?

What effect does the LDL receptor have in cholesterol diseases?

Clears LDL Particles: Ldl is low density lipoprotein, a particle that carries cholesterol in the blood. If LDL particles are increased (high LDL particle number) more particles enter the artery wall and increase cardiovascular disease (cvd) risk. Ldl receptors (ldlr) bind and remove LDL particles from the blood. Low ldlr increases cvd risk. Statin drugs increase ldlr causing lower LDL levels and decreased cvd risk. ...Read more

Dr. Joel Gotvald
424 doctors shared insights

Peripheral Vascular Disease (Definition)

A narrowing of the peripheral arteries to the legs, stomach, arms, and head--most commonly in the arteries of the legs. PAD is similar to ...Read more


Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,328 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the ...Read more