Doctor insights on:
What Does Stage 4 Lung Cancer Mean
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
More nodes positive: Breast - more than 10 pos axillary ln or pos. Ln at level iii or axillary and inter mammary ln pos. Or supraclavicular ln pos .Melanoma more than 4 regional ln or matted ln colon tumor invasion through wall , maybe involving adjacent organs with 4 or more regional pos. Ln. ...Read more
Advanced: Breast cancer survival is correlated with it's stage, which is predominantly based on the cancer size, it's growth, and lymph node involvement. Stage 3 means that the cancer has grown into the chest wall or skin and/or multiple lymph nodes (including areas outside the armpit) are involved. These are all signs that chemotherapy is needed for potential cure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Regional spread: IIIC: Cancer is present in one or both of the ovaries, and cancer cells are also present in tumors larger than 2 cm in the abdominal lining or in the nearby lymph nodes.This stage is best handled by total hyst bilat salpingo oophorectomy , omentectomy and tumor nodular reduction to decrease any residual lesion to >1cm followed by cheno. ...Read more
No: When neutrophils are high it can mean that there is an infection, but it is hard to say what is causing the elevation in the neutrophil count without more information. Chances are that if your mother has stage IV lung cancer it is spreading at some rate unless she is getting treatment then the spread can be slowed or stopped. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cancer progression: Staging prostate cancer (or any cancer) is a method to allow the physician and patient to help aid in the prognosis. This is a measure of the how far advanced the cancer has progressed such as into other organs or into bones. It also help aid in the treatment options since certain options of treatment are onloy available at certain stages. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Sometimes cancer: Can spread to liver. Typically cancers that occur (primary site) in GI tract, such as colon, stomach, etc, spread to regional lymph nodes and then to liver. But cancers from other sites, such as breast, prostate, lung, skin, and really any organ, can spread to liver. If the cancer starts in the liver and spread to other organs, it can be metastatic liver cancer too. ...Read more
Brain cancer: In general, Stage 4 means distant spread to other organs other than the organ where the tumor started (lung cancer that spreads to brain, would be Stage 4 Lung Cancer). There are 4 stages, so Stage 4 is the most extensive degree of spread, unfortunately. Primary brain tumors are not staged, because they rarely spread. Prognosis is based on age, location, histology, functional status, extent, etc ...Read more
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
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