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Doctor insights on: What Does Stage 4 Kidney Failure Cause

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What is prognosis like for stage 4 heart failure ?

What is prognosis like for stage 4 heart failure ?

Not "great": but a LOT BETTER than it was just 5 years ago! NEW medications which relieve the "load" on the heart and increase its STRENGTH are now commonly prescribed! A regimen , worked out by a BOARD CERTIFIED Cardiologist is the way to go...good luck..hope this helps Dr Z ...Read more

Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more


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How can I tell what stage of kidney failure i'm at?

How can I tell what stage of kidney failure i'm at?

Ask your doctor: Kidney disease stage is primarily determined by estimated glomerular filtration rate. This is calculated from lab studies using one of several equations. Your doctor may prefer one method for estimation, and s/he will be able to tell you how your function level is calculated. ...Read more

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What is stage 4 kidney disease usually?

What is stage 4 kidney disease  usually?

See below: A person with stage 4 chronic kidney disease (ckd) has advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to 15-30 ml/min. It is likely someone with stage 4 ckd will need dialysis or a kidney transplant in the near future. ...Read more

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How does kidney failure cause nausea?

How does kidney failure cause nausea?

Complex: Anemia (low blood cell count) commonly occurs in kidney failure and can cause nausea. More commonly, the uremic toxins (that the kidney normally filters), accumulate which suppresses appetite, causes, nausea, and can also cause confusion. ...Read more

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What does chronic kidney failure really mean?

What does chronic kidney failure really mean?

Chronic kidneydiseas: Chronic kidney failure is the loss of functioning kidney tissue due to permanent damage to the tiny subunits called nephrons.We have about a million nephrons per kidney, and as we lose nephrons the ones that are left enlarge and work harder until they reach their limit, at which point the kidney can no longer keep up with the body's needs to excrete toxins, balance fluids and minerals and other fx. ...Read more

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What does stage 3 kidney disease mean?

What does stage 3 kidney disease mean?

Loss of function: Kidneys of human body has millions of microscopic filters to eliminate waste , called glomurali , due to diabetes , blood pressure , and age etc we lose them , non reversible filtration rate will decrease , as more of them are gone, ultimately leads to end stage renal failure dialysis is required , , stage iii a rate will be 45-59 ml/mint in stage iii b will be 30 - 44 ml/ mnt. ...Read more

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How does tenofovir cause renal failure ?

How does tenofovir cause renal failure
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Accumulation: Tenofovir, or viread, (tenofovir) is a powerful antiviral medication for hiv. It has, in rare cases, been thought to contribute to renal failure. The thought is that the drug and metabolites of the drug accumulate in the tubule of the kidneys, causing damage to the filtering system. However, some studies have shown that tenovir is no more toxic than other antivirals. ...Read more

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How serious is stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver?

How serious is stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver?

Advanced: It means the liver is all scarred down. Stage 4 is the same as having cirrhosis. It is irreversible. If whatever is damaging the liver is not controlled, it can lead to liver failure. ...Read more

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Why does liver failure sometimes cause kidney failure?

Why does liver failure sometimes cause kidney failure?

Liver and Kidney: Its a great question and complicated. The syndrome is called hepatorenal syndrome which is often because the amount of blood flow to the kidney is lessened which causes kidney injury- is a simple explanation. It also may be related to the reasons that liver failure ensued: for example hepatitis, drug overdose, toxins etc. Great question! ...Read more

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End stage liver failure and ascites prognosis, what to do?

End stage liver failure and ascites prognosis, what to do?

See a gi specialist: Asciites can be drained and a catheter can be placed to drain the fluid at home. ...Read more

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Husbnd has stg 4 cirrosis liver cncer, I know the cirrosis is stage 4 but confused about how severe (what stage) liver cancer is?

Husbnd has stg 4 cirrosis liver cncer, I know the cirrosis is stage 4 but confused about how severe (what stage) liver cancer is?

Hard to say: Typical staging of cirrhosis is by a, b, c and not numbers. There might be another scale that they are using. Liver cancer is associated with cirrhosis. Stages are 1-4. I think that the best way to know is to clarify with the GI doctors to get a clear idea. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy for someone with stage 4 kidney disease?

What is the life expectancy for someone with stage 4 kidney disease?

Possibly many years: Life expectancy depends on the rate of progression (many factors including medical and lifestyle interventions that might slow down the progression) and decisions on whether to pursue renal replacement therapy once reaches end-stage (that decision may depend on overall health, functional status, ability to tolerate various interventions, etc). Overall shorter than the average public lifespans. ...Read more

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My 96yr old aunt is stage 4 renal failure. Congestive heart failure, hypertension, no dialysis. How long does she have?

My 96yr old aunt is stage 4 renal failure. Congestive heart failure, hypertension, no dialysis. How long does she have?

Life expectancy: You ask a difficult question. Stage 4 chronic kidney disease (ckd) is far advanced stage of ckd. The life expectancy (l) of a 96 year old female in the us is 3.18 years. That is the l without ckd. Patients with ckd live shorter than those without it. Your question is a difficult one to answer and i hope this helps. ...Read more

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Why does anemia cause progression of chronic kidney disease?

Why does anemia cause progression of chronic kidney disease?

Reversed sequence: Progression of chronic kidney disease results in development of anemia because kidney is no longer able to produce erythropoietin, a hormone enhancing red blood cell production from bone marrow. ...Read more

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Dr. Tarek Naguib
600 doctors shared insights

Kidney Failure (Definition)

A condition in which your kidneys suddenly stop working normally. Since your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in your blood, when your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids, and electrolytes build up in your body. This can cause problems ...Read more


Dr. Fred McCurdy
361 doctors shared insights

Esrd (Definition)

End stage renal disease (ESRD) = final stage ...Read more