Doctor insights on:
What Does Ovarian Cancer Look Like
Mass or cystic mass: Ultrasound, done though the abdominal wall and transvaginally is used to examine the size shape and other characteristics of ovaries. Cancer may present as a mass in the ovary or a cyst or a combination of the two. Definitive diagnosis requires examination of suspect tissue by a pathologist. See this site for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/ovarian-cancer/ds00293. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Abdominal distention: It is the abdomen, not the stomach, that is swollen in some patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This is mainly due to accumulation of fluid (called ascites) within the abdomen. The fluid over time causes distention of the abdomen (just like what you would see in a pregnant women). The more the fluid accumulates, the more distanded the abdomen and patients may have discomfort and pain. ...Read more
Sometimes nothing!: Early ovarian cancer can cause minor symptoms like bloating, abdominal swelling, gas, pressure, constipation or diarrhea. Sometimes it can cause pain, which is usually in the right or left side of your abdomen down by your hip bones. But it's important to realize it doesn't usually cause pain at an early stage, so if you have any of the symptoms above that are new or worsening, see your doctor! ...Read more
Possibly: We do not know the precise answer to this question. However, it is reasonable to suspect that there may be a relationship in some cases at least. For instance, we know that women who have tubal sterilization for birth control are at decreased risk of developing ovarina cancer. It is thought that this may be due to blocking of environmental chemicals from reaching the ovary through the tube. ...Read more
Possible Risk Factor: Risk factors for ovarian cancer include increasing age, obesity, prolonged use of fertility drugs, and family history of breast, ovarian, or colon cancer, especially for persons with brca 1 or 2 mutations. However, it's impossible to know why any individual develops cancer since having a risk factor does not guarantee the disease will develop and many people with cancer may not have risk factor. ...Read more
No one cause: There is no specific cause for ovarian cancer, but several risk factors have been identified. Women who have a family history of either ovarian, breast, or colon cancer all are at increased risk for ovarian cancer. Most ovarian cancers are diagnosed in the six or seventh decades of life, and typically arise from the ovarian epithelium. There is no effective screening test for ovarian cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: It will depend on the stage. Curative surgery in early stage of disease plus minus chemotherapy. Debulking surgery is needed and is done by a gynecology-oncologist if the tumor burden is high - then followed by chemotherapy. The treatment will depend on the stage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A few ways: Often it's asymptomatic until it's well advanced. If there's any early symptoms it's going to be vague ones that ladies are plagued with anyway like bloating and pelvic pain and bladder irritation. Testing 1st involves a pelvic exam (a small mass will be hard to feel), an ultrasound, possibly an MRI. A ca125 is a blood test that's usually elevated in ovarian cancer, but other things elevate it too. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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