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Doctor insights on: What Does It Mean When Infection Of Heart Valves

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After a bout with bacterial endocarditis, what hurts the heart valves?

After a bout with bacterial endocarditis, what hurts the heart valves?

Infection and scar: Endocarditis often occurs on valves damaged due to other diseases, e.g., rheumatic fever, bicuspid valve. The bacterial infection and associated inflammation further damage the valves which is further complicated by scarring on healing. ...Read more

Dr. Dariush Saghafi
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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What are the presenting symptoms of an infection of heart valves?

What are the presenting symptoms of an infection of heart valves?

Numerous: An infection of the heart valves, known as endocarditis, is a very serious disorder. Symptoms usually stem from infection in the blood stream and include fever, chills, possible low blood pressure or even shock, heart failure, shortness of breath, and may include severe damage to the infected valve causing severe leakage of the valve, requiring emergency valve replacement surgery. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: infection of heart valves?

What is the definition or description of: infection of heart valves?

Endocarditis: When a bacteria gets in the bloodstream, there is a chance of attaching to a heart valve. This is called endocarditis. If this happens, the bacteria can grow, causing lesions called vegetations to appear which can break off and plug small blood vessels in the hand, foot, or brain. The bacterial growth can also cause the valve to leak. If this is significant, valve replacement may be needed. ...Read more

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Describe the disorder called an infection of the heart valves.?

Describe the disorder called an infection of the heart valves.?

Endocarditis: It is called endocarditis. Can be caused mostly by bacterias and fungus. It is a very serious condition that requires immediate intervention. Valves can deteriorate fast and hence cardiac function be compromised ...Read more

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Is there much of a link between flossing and/or using mouthwash and infections of the heart valves?

Perhaps.: Good dental care greatly reduces the risk of bacteria getting in the blood stream from the mouth, but this is likely something that occurs frequently in normal people. Abnormal heart valves are prone to infection so procedures that are likely to cause bacteria entry into blood are hazardous. Flossing is very low risk. Some dental procedures and colonoscopy may require antibiotics for safety. ...Read more

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My doctor said I have thickening around my heart valves. Is that bad? What does that mean?

My doctor said I have thickening around my heart valves. Is that bad? What does that mean?

May be: You have serious heart condition at young age. Do you have some congenital ( from Birth) Heart Disease? Or Are you over weight? Obviously you are under care of Cardiologist so ask him/her what it means to have thickened Heart valve. Without seeing a report I cannot interpret and give you conflicting explanation ...Read more

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Pulmonary artery catheter - what does it mean if it doens't hurt the heart valves?

Pulmonary artery catheter - what does it mean if it doens't hurt the heart valves?

Correct: Catheter floats through the valves and doesn't penetrate the heart or valves think like a floater at the end of a string and float it through a tunnel with running water same effect. ...Read more

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D dimer 0.93, found 4.5 taaw/ct angio/w/contrast, echo, mildthickening of left ventricle&atrium, slight regurgitation of all heart valves.Mean?

D dimer 0.93, found 4.5 taaw/ct angio/w/contrast, echo, mildthickening of left ventricle&atrium, slight regurgitation of all heart valves.Mean?

Need more info: Making a diagnosis is more than looking at numbers. It takes physical exam and knowing the medical history. The best person to give you the answer you seek is the cardiologist. ...Read more

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How long should i be kept waiting for two damaged leaking heart valves replaced plz?

How long should i be kept waiting for two damaged leaking heart valves replaced plz?

Heart valves: It is difficult to answer this question and it depends on your symptoms . If your symptoms are minimal the you can safely wait, however if you are suffering debilitating symptoms then you need the repair done as soon as possible ...Read more

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Dr. Says i have trace regurgitation in 3 heart valves. Only recommending yearly echos to check on it. Is this normal im otherwise healthy?

Dr. Says i have trace regurgitation in 3 heart valves. Only recommending yearly echos to check on it. Is this normal im otherwise healthy?

Just a trace.: Trace regurgitation is usually nothing of immediate concern - it wouldn't cause any symptoms and may just be reflective of the way your valves open and close normally and thereby may never progress beyond trace. Yearly 2D echo is recommended to make sure trace regurgitation doesn't become mild, then moderate and then severe, but this doesn't always happen. ...Read more

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I have leaky heart valves and afib . Is this combination more dangerous?

This depends greatly: On severity of regurgitation...The more severe the greater the potential problems like risk for heart failure. ...Read more

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Cardiologist said I most of my heart valves are leaky. Could this be causing my atypical POTS and IST presentation?

Cardiologist said I most of my heart valves are leaky. Could this be causing my atypical POTS and IST presentation?

Results are yours: In general, the results of tests that you had done should be available to you, and you can take them to another doctor. Since you have questions after seeing the doctor, think about going back to get them clarified, or getting a 2d opinion consult. ...Read more

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I have to have two heart valves replaced.MITRAL AND AORTIC are these the worst ones? Also together at the same time plz

RHD?: I assume you have rheumatic heart disease? At your age, if your general health is good, kidney function normal, no lung disease, your surgery should be very low risk and very successful. Be sure your teeth are in good condition before surgery or get them repaired beforehand as dental infection poses a grave risk to your new artificial valves. Best wishes to you! ...Read more

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What happens when your heart valves enlarge?

What happens when your heart valves enlarge?

Does not enlarge: Your heart valves don't enlarge. They can get thickened or calcified. They can get infected or destroyed by infection. The structures that support the heart valves can get stretched or rupture, but the valves themselves don't get enlarged. Heart chamber can get enlarged. ...Read more

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What happens when your heart valves enlarge?

What happens when your heart valves enlarge?

Leaks: They dilate may cause backward blood leaks. symptoms depend upon severity. ...Read more

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What happens to heart valves over the years 65-plus?

What happens to heart valves over the years 65-plus?

Risk of hardening: Heart valves have a risk of "hardening" or becoming less flexible over time. Best way to prevent this is general healthy lifestyle and prevention of hypertension, diabetes and high cholesterol. ...Read more

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Why are pig heart valves suitable as replacements for damaged heart valves in humans?

Tissue valves: The size of pig and cow valves approximates the size of human valves. They are chemically treated to decrease the likelihood of tissue rejection. The porcine valves are more commonly used than the bovine. ...Read more

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Home come pig hearts valves are used as replacements for damaged heart valves in humans?

Home come pig hearts valves are used as replacements for damaged heart valves in humans?

Tissue valves: We use beef, pig and human aortic valves as replacements in humans. Those three most closely simulate the size of the human valves. ...Read more

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Does recovery for two heart valves replaceing longer than just one replaceing plz.i av to have two replaced?

Does recovery for two heart valves replaceing longer than just one replaceing plz.i av to have two replaced?

It varies: Everyone is different. A lot depends on age, severity of illness and degree of vigor vs. frailty. On average younger people can expect to be back at full strength in 2-3 months. The stronger you are going in to surgery, the quicker the recovery. It varies from person to person, but double valve surgery will likely take longer than single valve. Focus on your goal of full recovery. ...Read more

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What r the best replacement heart valves?

Heart valves: Heart valves need to be chosen for the individual patient. Different valves have their pluses and minuses and different valves 'fit' different people. Often the valve has to be chosen in the operating room to be as it were fitted to the patient. ...Read more

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What are types of prosthetic heart valves?

What are types of prosthetic heart valves?

Many: Essentially any mobile valve has been used. Mechanical: ball valve tilting disc bivalve tilting biologic: pig valves sewn to a sewing ring bovine tissue - pericardium sewn to a sewing ring homografts. ...Read more

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How do you find candida in the heart valves?

How do you find candida in the heart valves?

Valve infection: Fungal infection of the valve - serious and debilitating. You would have to have an abnormal valve, infection of the blood stream (bactaremia) and/or be immunocompromised. Blood cultures can detect candida in the blood. If positive, the next step would be imaging tests of the heart valves. ...Read more

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Does some leakage of heart valves show in everyones hert echo?

Does some leakage of heart valves show in everyones hert echo?

Depends: Trace to mild amount of leakage is considered normal in right heart valves. It is not uncommon to see trace amount of leakage on the left side in normal individuals. Leakage of the valves is also somewhat dynamic depending on pressures, can be seen at times but not all the time. ...Read more

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Dr. Neigatha Graney
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more