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What Does It Mean To Have Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Digestive Enzymes: The pancreas' main exocrine function is to produce enzymes which help digest carbs, protein, and fats. These enzymes are made in acinar cells and travel down a duct to the small intestine (2nd stage of duodenum). Insufficiency can either be from an obstruction in said duct or a decreased synthesis of the enzymes from damage or fibrosis of pancreatic tissue, most commonly secondary to pancreatitis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Abdominal organ. It is digestive organ: it secretes enzymes into the small bowel which break down food and help its absorption. It is also an endocrine organ: it produces hormones involved in sugar control and control of digestion. Insulin is one of these hormones. Diabetics either lack Insulin (type 1 diabetes) or have inadequate ...Read more
Fibrosis = scarring: Inflammation of the liver, as almost anywhere else in the body, often heals with scarring. Lose enough functioning liver cells to scarring & you get cirrhosis. A fibrosis score is typically calculated during liver biopsy (& some fancier liver imagings) to calculate how much damage a chronically inflammed liver has sustained, & its risk of failing /decompensating. Then you need a liver transplant. ...Read more
LFT: Basically the indices that are used to evaluate the liver - (lft) are abnormal. ...Read more
Ducts versus tissue: The biliary tree is a network of pipes running through the liver tissue. Liver disease can often be divided into those affecting the pipes versus those affecting the tissue (which is made up of liver cells). Diseases which primarily affect the liver cells (and not the pipes) are considered parenchymal. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Breast Cancer?: Are you referring to an er positive breast tumor? If so, this means that the breast tumor has receptors to estrogen. The receptors stimulate the tumor to grow in the presence of estrogen. We use this to our advantage in treating these cancers by blocking the estrogen receptors. ...Read more
Skin disorder: Steatocystoma multiplex is a disorder in which multiple yellow or skin-colored sebum-filled cysts are found on the trunk, upper arms, or chest. It can be confused with acne vulgaris and is included in the differential diagnosis of acne. It can be autosomal dominant in inheritance or sporadic. ...Read more
Hypopituitarism: Hypopituitarism is a condition in which the pituitary gland does not produce one or more of its hormones or not enough of them. This condition may occur because of disease in the pituitary or hypothalamus. When there is low or no production of all the pituitary hormones, the condition is called panhypopituitarism. This condition may affect either children or adults. ...Read more
Benign tumor.: An adenoma is a benign (not cancer) growth on an adrenal gland. They are relatively common and can be picked up on a ct scan done for other reasons. While most don't make hormones, some do. That can result in excess cortisone, aldosterone or other hormones. If functional, they might need to be removed. Non-functional adenomas are usually left alone as they are not dangerous. ...Read more
Kidney Failure: Kidney failure (kf) usually refers to the condition where kidney function is poor enough for a patient to start dialysis. It is called chronic kidney disease (ckd) stage 6. Other stages of ckd, 1-5, may imply kidney failure of worsening degree as one goes to higher stages of ckd. Go see a nephrologist for more information on your kidney failure to get a better answer to your question. ...Read more
Pediatric Undernu-: trition, characterized by weight-for-length or BMI of < 5th %ile, is defined as "an imbalance between nutrient requirements & intake that results in cumulative deficits of energy, protein or micronutrients that may negatively affect growth, development & other relevant outcomes." Causes of PUN can be prenatal exposures, genetic disorders, physical illnesses &/or environmental/behavioral factors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Liver enzymes: There are several tests which may be abnormal with gallbladder disease. The liver enzymes, called SGOT and SGPT, or ALT and AST are elevated when there is irritation to the liver. A gallstone blocking a bile duct will cause this, There are many other reasons the enzymes might be elevated, anything from strenuous exercise to hepatitis, to liver cancer, so check with your doctor. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hi, I want to understand what blood urea is and its range. If the levels are elevated what does it signify. Does it mean kidney problems. Thanks.
What's BUN?: BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. Urea nitrogen is what forms when protein breaks down and it not used by itself to identify patients with kidney disease. BUN is elevated in cases of dehydration as well as kidney disease. Serum creatinine (C) is a better determinant of kidney function. If the BUN C ratio is > 20, the patient may be dehydrated. The normal range of B is 7-20 mg/dl. ...Read more
Some lesion in the: The liver . If they say primary liver foci, the lesion started in the liver . If they say 'secondary 'then the lesion originate elsewhere ...Read more
How is pancreatic insufficiency related to UC and why is Creon not completely help steatorrhea pls?
Common association: Studies suggest that 30-50% inflammatory bowel disease patient may have some form of pancreatitis. That does not mean that all these people have exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Creon may not be working because either the dose isn't quite right, your diet may be too high in fat or some of the stooling issue may be related to malabsorption from UC. Hope this helps. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Lung disease, & yes.: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes thick secretions in the lungs and many other organs in the body. It is most often diagnosed in childhood. Children with this disease often have recurrent lung infections, as well as complications such as diabetes, intestinal obstruction, and liver disease. It is not curable, but the latest treatments allow patients to live into their forties. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Could be OK: Depends on how swollen and the cause. It could be from thyroiditis. It could be upper limits of normal. Did your doctor test your thyroid function? ...Read more
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