Doctor insights on:
What Does Blood In The Lungs Mean
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
Pulmonary embolism: When doctors say blood clots in the lungs, they are usually talking about pulmonary embolism, which is blockages in one or more arteries in the lungs, caused by blood clots from another part of your body, most commonly, your legs. Pulmonary embolism is a potentially life-threatening complication of DVT (deep vein thrombosis), which is clotting in the deep veins. ...Read more
Maybe: Coughing blood is a classic sign of lung cancer, but may also be seen with acute infections, chronic bronchitis, or even dental disease. This should always be worked up to rule out lung cancer (or head and neck cancer) and not assumed to be secondary to something beingn. The prognosis for lung cancer is dramatically improved with early diagnosos, often made difficult by the lack of early symptoms. ...Read more
Nothing good: Blood can be present in many sections of the respiratory tract from numerous causes, and many of these suggest a potentially severe illness. There is also blood which may be present in the thin tissues which surround and protect the lungs. This too is not good. If this is your issue make sure you discuss this with your doctor at length. ...Read more
Either you have or do not have blood clots. Thus, if you have symptoms compatible with blood clots in the lungs, then further studies will be needed and the source of the blood clots be found because the consequence from a major embolism can be fatal.
If you have been bedridden for days or weeks, look for clots from the legs. ...Read more
I took an early cdt lung blood tests and the mage a 4 was the only one slightly elevated what does that mean?
Review all findings: Earlycdt-lung test looks for autoantibodies (antibodies one makes against substances [antigens] in her own body) that are more often found in lung cancer patients, and seldom in normal people. The mage a4 is one of many antigens whose autoantibodies are measured by the test. The doctor who ordered the test looks at all the results plus the symptoms and physical exam, before deciding what it means. ...Read more
What does abnormal cardiac enzymes in the blood mean? And does it relate to pleural thickening of the lungs?
Cardiac enzymes is the general term for chemicals that are inside heart muscle cells. If problems in the heart such as heart attack or other strain, they will be detectible in the blood.
This would not be related to thickening of pleural lung tissue. ...Read more
A friend had a spi 4yrs ago. He was cough up blood. The dr says apart from his lung is dead. What does this mean and what can be done to fix this?
Cough: Not sure what spi is but sounds like your friend has smoking related lung disease. The dead lung reference may be due to the physician seeing an area where there is emphysema on an x-ray or bases in results of pulmonary function test. If your friend is seeing blood from nose/ mouth, then he/she should be seen by a doctor. Could be a sign of something benign or something malignant. ...Read more
See doctor: 'Moving' in the chest is an unusual symptom/complaint. With a history of pulmonary embolism, and on enoxaparin, one should see their doctor to make certain everything is ok. ...Read more
What is TTF-1, Napsin and CK7 mean in lung biopsy mean? Can papillary adenocarcinoma spread by blood if no nodes involve?
Arcana: These are special stains used by the pathologist to determine exactly what kind of lung cancer we're dealing with. No result means anything in isolation. Any lung cancer can spread by blood, and even clean lymph nodes does not mean the cancer will not recur. Estimating the odds of length of curvival / possibility of cure is based on many variables. Good luck. ...Read more
I took an early cdt lung blood tests and the P53 autoantibody was the only one slightly elevated what does that mean? Have I got lung cancer?
Nobody knows: These are experimental and nobody knows what various levels mean. These markers are infamous for false positives and I would not get this test on a fishing expedition even if it were free. Without a lung lesion visible on imaging, this information is useless. If you feel well and are not losing weight of coughing up blood, be thankful and forget about it. ...Read more
Spent 2 days in icu with blood clots in both lungs. On blood thinner. Dr said will take 4-6 weeks to dissolve. Does this mean the clots can move still?
More info needed: Which blood thinner are you using? Activity level and general information should be given by your physician. Please contact your doctor to get specific answers. A lot depends on where the clots are and how big they are. Please make sure you have a good understanding of what is going on. Do not take chances! ...Read more
I'm on blood thinners and my blood count went from 2.5 up to 3.2, what caused this to happen? I've been on Coumadin for a year and a half because of blood clots in my lungs, what does the blood count mean? What is the meaning of 2.5 for example, please e
The laboratory test you seem to be describing is called an inr (international normalized ratio). The inr measures the time it takes for your blood to clot and compares it to a normal average. The higher the inr, the longer it takes blood to clot. If the inr is too high, there is a risk of uncontrolled bleeding.
The inr helps in monitoring the dose of blood thinners. In people not on blood thinners, the inr is about 1.0. For patients on blood thinners, the inr should generally be between 2.0 and 3.0 for treating blood clots in the lungs. The appropriate inr should be individualized for each patient. An inr can be too high; a number greater than 4.0 may indicate that blood is clotting too slowly, creating a risk of uncontrolled bleeding. An inr less than 2.0 may not provide adequate protection from clotting. If you are on blood thinners many drugs can affect bleeding/clotting risk such as: aspirin, ibuprofen, antibiotics, and birth control pills. Do not take any prescription or nonprescription medicines without first talking to the doctor who follows your inr test results. Foods high in vitamin k can affect blood clotting. Broccoli, lettuce, spinach and liver are all high in vitamin k. It is important to consume a consistent amount of these foods to avoid changes in your bleeding/clotting risks. It is important to have follow up blood tests regularly and to know your medication dosage and inr. Report any unusual bleeding or bruising to your physician. ...Read more
If plasma fibrinogen is less than 0.5g/L (50mg/dL) does that mean less chance of developing a deadly blood clot in a lung or other vein?
Why do you ask?: In coagulation, thing are never "everything else being equal." This value is about a third of the lower limit of the common reference range. Start figuring why. Was it diluted after fluid replacement after hemorrhage? Serious liver disease? Low from a genetic defect? A mutated fibrinogen may work but not be measured. Protection from blood clots is unlikely as this is driven by other factors. ...Read more
Hello doctor, I have tuberculosis on my Rt epididimo and Rt Testicle. Is it contagious and spreadable I mean am I harmful to others? I do not have TB on my lungs or blood only in Rt testis. Please sugg
Not contagious: TB is not contagious if it's not in the lung. Good luck with your treatment! ...Read more
If I had a blood clot in my lung after peritoneal cancer surgery, does it mean that something went wrong during my surgery?
No, probably not: You do however, at least, 2 significant risk factors to have blood clot- i.e.- cancer and surgery. Patient with cancer who undergoes major surgery like yours- have a really high risk for development of blood clot- that can go up as high as 40%. Other risk factors also include age, ascites, surgery for > 2 hours, low Albumin level, smoker, cancer burden/presence of metastatic disease etc. ...Read more
If a blood cloth from calf detached and traveled to heart/lungs or brain does it always mean death or are there chances of survival? Warning symptoms?
Usually lungs: Blood clot in the veins of calves can only go to right heart and then gets trapped in lungs. Only in rare cases where there is hole septum of heart can it travel to brain or other organs of body. Usually patient survives with proper treatment but can die if no treatment is given. ...Read more
Had an early cdt lung blood test only one that was just barely elevated was the mage4. I have also had chest CT scan that was normal. This means what?
Were they: Looking for a blood clot, or pulmonary embolus, in the lung? If so the ct scan should rule it out but wait for better advise! I'm not sure what a cdt lung blood test is nor the mage 4 but that was probably the screening test to get the ct which was negative. Wait for a better opinion but the ct, I'll bet, ruled it out. I'm gonna try to refer you to a genius pulmonary guy in my online network. ...Read more
A blood clot in arm/chest or leg would I be able to feel it & would that mean if it reaches my heart/lungs/brain I die or can it dissolve alone?
Well : Blood clots are always serious. Cannot diagnosis by chat. Consult primary care doctorface-to-face promptly or go to emergency room if you're having symptoms now for diagnosis and treatment ...Read more
Aunt has lung cancer, having chemo, rushed back to hospital throwing up blood. I've been told good sign, means collapsed lung re-inflating. Any advice?
Who said this?: If the doctor treating her right now said this was a good sign, then it likely is. Only the doc who's treating her for this now can give a decent idea. Unless the doc has communicated this to another doc or family member. Maybe this sounds like a reasonable answer to vomiting blood to another doc, but it does not make a lot of sense to me. But, sometimes we don't remember all we were told exactly ...Read more
I was on mircette (ethinyl estradiol and desogestrel) but I got a large blood clot in my lung. Does this mean I can never use birth control again?
NOT RECOMMENDED: All hormonal forms of birth control carry risks, especially concerning one is blood clot which unfortunate you got it. Thus, you have a high tendency of getting blood clot and so not recommended. If you smoke, this could be contributing. Iud such as paragard will likely serve you well, or Mirena (levonorgestrel) which has not been shown to have significant blood clotting risk. Consult your doc. Good luck. ...Read more
Had my heart just checkout but my blood gases were low just saw a lung doctor just had a CT scan done no clot what could that mean.
You may have a problem with gas exchange, or oxygenating your blood and removing carbon dioxide from it.
Keep seeing the pulmonologist (lung doctor) to find out why. ...Read more
What could an isolated systolic high blood pressure 155max mean in a young adult healthy high hdl low ldl level no family history nor heart condition, rhr 48-50 no symp, bmi of 22, low salt intake. Only a nodule on lung but harmless?
Isolated finding: Maybe measured with too small a cuff. All the other data you mentioned looked OK. Stop obsessing over single numbers! One has to look at findings in a context. You can make a virtual appt and we can discuss in more detail if you want to. ...Read more
I am having chest pains and had a blood test done and on my bloods it shows that myc-reactive protein is 20.1 what does it mean when white cells high.
Need to see a doctor: These symptoms could be caused by many things and it is impossible to say without a thorough evaluation. It could be something as simple as iron deficiency or something more serious. I recommend you see a physician for an evaluation. ...Read more
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