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Doctor insights on: What Does Anal Cancer Look Like

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,344 Doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What does anal squamous cell cancer look like?

What does anal squamous cell cancer look like?

Lump or ulcer: Each is likely to be more firm than the surrounding tissue, and to penetrate deeply. ...Read more

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What is anal cancer?

What is anal cancer?

Cancer of the anus: Is usually a squamous type or arising from skin cells: totally different etiology/cause from colon and rectal cancer and managed differently than either of the latter. ...Read more

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Who gets anal cancer?

Who gets anal cancer?

People w cert risks: There isn't one type of person who gets anal cancer. However, there are certain risk features that have been associated with a higher risk of possibly developing anal cancer. These include: having hpv infection, your number of lifetime sexual partners, genital warts, cigarette smoking, receptive anal intercourse, and having hiv. ...Read more

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Is anal cancer uncommon?

Is anal cancer uncommon?

Yes, fairly rare: Anal cancer is rare and certainly less than colon and rectum. In usa about 7000 cases are reported yearly with 800- 900 deaths. The treatment is very effective. ...Read more

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Symptoms of anal cancer?

Symptoms of anal cancer?

Anal cancer: Rectal bleeding, pain, constipation or less likely diarrhea, sensation of incomplete emptying. These symptoms are unfortunately non-specific and can be present in patients with other rectal concerns such as fissures, hemorrhoids, constipation, etc. ...Read more

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How is anal cancer treated?

How is anal cancer treated?

Chemo + tradiation: Usually with a surgical biopsy followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In general, the prognosis is pretty good and surgery is used only for treatment failures. ...Read more

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Can you die from anal cancer?

Yes: Anal cancer is either squamous cell cancer or cloacogenic cancer and is treated by chemo/radiation after a biopsy establishes the diagnosis. Early on it is very treatable. If you have any suspicion this is what you have, you need to be seen promptly by your physician. ...Read more

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How is anal cancer diagnosed?

How is anal cancer diagnosed?

Exam and biopsy: Anal cancer is diagnosed primarilly by physical examination. Sometimes it requires anesthesia, but most of the time can be done in the office. Any suspicious areas need to be biopsied. ...Read more

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What is rectal vs anal cancer?

What is rectal vs anal cancer?

Very Diff. Cancers: As close as these 2 areas are on the body, the cancers are quite different. Ca of the anus is an aggressive type of skin cancer that, when caught early, responds very well to chemo- and radiation therapy; surgery is rarely needed. Ca of the rectum is very similar to colon ca, arising from the inner intestinal lining; surgery is the main treatment, often preceded by chemo and radiation. ...Read more

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What is recurrent anal cancer?

It came back: Recurrent refers to a tumor that had gone away but then comes back. ...Read more

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How do you get an anal cancer?

How do you get an anal cancer?

No single reason: The biggest risk factors are hpv infection that causes anal warts (condylomata) and HIV infection. Other factors include rare genetic mutations and radiation exposure to the lower pelvic area. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of anal cancer?

What are symptoms of anal cancer?

Anal cancer symptoms: Well just think about where it is and how cancer is usually a non healing open sore. So there can be pressure, pain, bleeding, and a palpable knot that you can feel when you wipe. There can be a change in the shape of the stool, like getting thinner or flat on one side. If you think you have anal cancer get checked out. It is highly curable:). ...Read more

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How to know if I have anal cancer?

How to know if I have anal cancer?

MD: You need an exam, my friend. Talk to your doctor about this and make sure he/she addresses this concern. Best to you. ...Read more

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Do a lot of people get anal cancer?

Do a lot of people get anal cancer?

Rare: Treatable with chemo and radiation. High cure rate. ...Read more

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What's new in anal cancer research?

A lot: Papilloma virus vaccine. And a lot more. Try a health info search. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is anal cancer?

What sort of problem is anal cancer?

Potentially deadly: Cancer can occur in any organ. Cancer is unrestricted growth of cells which can spread by local extension, by blood or lymph. Cancers of this organ can be an effect of viral infection, e.g.Hpv (also associated with cervical and oral/throat cancer), other stds, or not. Area can be easily examined by primary md, gyn, gastro md, or colorectal surgeon. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have anal cancer?

How do I know if I have anal cancer?

MD: If you have any discomfort or bleeding, you need to see a doctor for a proper evaluation. Hope it's all well for you. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anal cancer?

What are the symptoms of anal cancer?

Occurs in men &: Women, associated with genital warts (condyloma and hpv), can cause painful bm's, bleeding, itching, difficulty sitting. Can cause groin nodes to enlarge. Needs to be assessed and biopsied; different from rectal cancer in cause, treatment and outlook. While associated with passive anal intercourse, most don't, but be prepared for the question. It's curable! ...Read more

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Hi what are the signs of anal cancer?

Hi what are the signs of anal cancer?

Bleeding most common: About half of patients will have rectal bleeding as a first symptom. A third of patients will experience pain or a sense of a rectal mass. About 20 percent of patients will have no symptoms at all. Never assume one has hemorrhoids. Best to have it checked. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anal cancer?

What are the symptoms of anal cancer?

See below: Anal cancers may present with bleeding, local mass, pain and itching. Men practicing receptive anal sex are at greater risk.
http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/anal-cancer/ds00852. ...Read more

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Are there different types of anal cancer?

Are there different types of anal cancer?

Yes: Anal tumors may arise form the skin and result in squamous cell carcinoma. Some of these tumors are caused by hpv infection. Tumors on the inside of the anal canal may arise form the gland, adenocarcinoma. There are additional infrequent tumor types as well. ...Read more

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What are the risk factors for anal cancer?

What are the risk factors for anal cancer?

HPV smoking: Anal cancer accounts for about 1% of gastrointestinal tract cancers in the us. It has been definitely associated with exposure to certain strains of HPV (human papilloma virus), anal warts, anal sex, and smoking. It is probably related to HIV but the data are not as clear. It is rarely seen in transplantation patients due to their immunosuppression. ...Read more

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How horrible iching can get in anal cancer?

How horrible iching can get in anal cancer?

Do you have the prob: Itching is not a major complaint in those who have a diagnosis of Anal cancer. Please ask the question more clearly if you have either Itching or a diagnosis of Anal Cancer. ...Read more

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How is the staging of anal cancer determined?

Similar: To all colon cancers, it is based on pathology or tissue diagnosis, depth of penetration, differentiation, lymph node involvement and metastatic workup including ct scans and pet scans. But biopsy and or comp[lete excision is the first step and proper pathology evaluation is critical. ...Read more

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I might have anal cancer how do I tell my boss?

I might have anal cancer how do I tell my boss?

It's important: To tell your boss that you have a serious medical problem that is going to require a few months of treatment, but really is not their business to know the specifics, nor your obligation to talk about it with them or co-workers. This is why there is protected health care information. That means private. ...Read more

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Hi how common is anal cancer and its prognosis?

Hi how common is anal cancer and its prognosis?

Rare but increasing: Anal cancer is much less common than colorectal cancer, but the rate is increasing in both sexes, due to anal intercourse and infection by human papillomavirus (hpv). Unlike colorectal cancers that are primarily adenocarcinomas, rectal cancers are most squamous cell cancers. The prognosis depends on stage of cancer and early treatment with chemoradiation can retain continence. ...Read more

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How long can a person live with an anal cancer?

Depends: On the stage at diagnosis and what treatment has been received as wellas comorbid conditions. Early diagnosis is key to survival. ...Read more

Dr. David Stein
159 Doctors shared insights

Anal Cancer (Definition)

The anal canal lesion is squamous in origin. The dentate line marks the upper junction between squamous and mucosal epithelium in the anal canal.. .. Tumours near the anal margin spread to the inguinal lymph nodes; those higher in the anal canal spread to the pelvis The Anal Cancer Trial (ACT-1) demonstrated the superiority of using chemoradiation with 5-FU ...Read more


Anus (Definition)

The anus is the opening of the rectum, through which stool and flatus are passed. The anal canal is about an inch in length, and is ...Read more