Doctor insights on:
What Does Anal Cancer Look Like
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
People w cert risks: There isn't one type of person who gets anal cancer. However, there are certain risk features that have been associated with a higher risk of possibly developing anal cancer. These include: having hpv infection, your number of lifetime sexual partners, genital warts, cigarette smoking, receptive anal intercourse, and having hiv. ...Read more
Very Diff. Cancers: As close as these 2 areas are on the body, the cancers are quite different. Ca of the anus is an aggressive type of skin cancer that, when caught early, responds very well to chemo- and radiation therapy; surgery is rarely needed. Ca of the rectum is very similar to colon ca, arising from the inner intestinal lining; surgery is the main treatment, often preceded by chemo and radiation. ...Read more
Anal cancer symptoms: Well just think about where it is and how cancer is usually a non healing open sore. So there can be pressure, pain, bleeding, and a palpable knot that you can feel when you wipe. There can be a change in the shape of the stool, like getting thinner or flat on one side. If you think you have anal cancer get checked out. It is highly curable:). ...Read more
Potentially deadly: Cancer can occur in any organ. Cancer is unrestricted growth of cells which can spread by local extension, by blood or lymph. Cancers of this organ can be an effect of viral infection, e.g.Hpv (also associated with cervical and oral/throat cancer), other stds, or not. Area can be easily examined by primary md, gyn, gastro md, or colorectal surgeon. ...Read more
Occurs in men &: Women, associated with genital warts (condyloma and hpv), can cause painful bm's, bleeding, itching, difficulty sitting. Can cause groin nodes to enlarge. Needs to be assessed and biopsied; different from rectal cancer in cause, treatment and outlook. While associated with passive anal intercourse, most don't, but be prepared for the question. It's curable! ...Read more
HPV smoking: Anal cancer accounts for about 1% of gastrointestinal tract cancers in the us. It has been definitely associated with exposure to certain strains of HPV (human papilloma virus), anal warts, anal sex, and smoking. It is probably related to HIV but the data are not as clear. It is rarely seen in transplantation patients due to their immunosuppression. ...Read more
Similar: To all colon cancers, it is based on pathology or tissue diagnosis, depth of penetration, differentiation, lymph node involvement and metastatic workup including ct scans and pet scans. But biopsy and or comp[lete excision is the first step and proper pathology evaluation is critical. ...Read more
It's important: To tell your boss that you have a serious medical problem that is going to require a few months of treatment, but really is not their business to know the specifics, nor your obligation to talk about it with them or co-workers. This is why there is protected health care information. That means private. ...Read more
Rare but increasing: Anal cancer is much less common than colorectal cancer, but the rate is increasing in both sexes, due to anal intercourse and infection by human papillomavirus (hpv). Unlike colorectal cancers that are primarily adenocarcinomas, rectal cancers are most squamous cell cancers. The prognosis depends on stage of cancer and early treatment with chemoradiation can retain continence. ...Read more
The anal canal lesion is squamous in origin. The dentate line marks the upper junction between squamous and mucosal epithelium in the anal canal.. .. Tumours near the anal margin spread to the inguinal lymph nodes; those higher in the anal canal spread to the pelvis The Anal Cancer Trial (ACT-1) demonstrated the superiority of using chemoradiation with 5-FU ...Read more
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