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Doctor insights on: What Does An Immunologist Do

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What does an allergy specialist do to treat allergies that a pcp doesn't?

What does an allergy specialist do to treat allergies that a pcp doesn't?

Comprehensive RX: Allergist can test you to determine what triggers your symptoms and discuss with you allergen avoidance and control measures. They also can desensitize you to your allergies but giving you allergy shots to provide you with long term relief from your symptoms and a chance to have good quality control of your symptoms with minimal dependence on medications. ...Read more

Dr. Thomas Namey
170 doctors shared insights

Immunology (Definition)

Immunology is a field of study in which a person studies the components of the immune system (such as lymph nodes, white blood cells, and antibodies), their functions, and their diseases. Because allergies are a reaction by a person's immune system, immunology usually includes the study of allergies. A doctor who specializes in problems of the immune system ...Read more


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What does it mean to get an allergy shot?

What does it mean to get an allergy shot?

Allergy shots: You receive increasing doses of the allergen(s) to which you are allergic over time to alter the immune system to stop seeing the allergen as bad but rather as a normal reaction recognized by protective antibodies called igg. ...Read more

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What does an allergist or an immunologist do to diagnose food allergies?

What does an allergist or an immunologist do to diagnose food allergies?

A logical approach: The allergist takes a detailed history & then performs a physical examination. Rather than screening food allergy tests more likely to reveal false positives the allergist prefers, when possible, to perform tests relevant to your history. They may be skin or blood tests, sometimes both. If the diagnosis is uncertain oral challenges are performed in a safe setting with appropriate safeguards. ...Read more

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How will i know what does an infectious disease specialist do?

How will i know what does an infectious disease specialist do?

Treats infections: An id specialist treats all infections caused by micro-organisms including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and parasites. We treat infections of every organ of the body. Examples include pneumonia, pyelonephritis(kidney infection), osteomyelitis(bone infections), hiv/aids, meningitis, amoebic dysentery etc. Etc. Some id docs mainly do hospital consultations while some have office practices. ...Read more

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Please tell me what does an elavated ptt mean and why do you need an hematology/oncologist for that?

Please tell me what does an elavated ptt mean and why do you need an hematology/oncologist for that?

Many causes: Ptt is a screening test that tests for the status of multiple coagulation factors in blood. There are a variety of reasons for prolonged PTT results. Typically, the possibilities are addressed by hematologists and can be due to factor deficiencies (acquired or genetic) or to inhibitors. Some factor deficiencies (xi, ix, viii) identified by PTT prolongation cause bleeding. Some (xii) do not. ...Read more

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How does an allergist determine what allergies you have?

How does an allergist determine what allergies you have?

History and Physical: A thorough history and physical is the mainstay of any evaluation. Your allergist may also utilize blood tests and/or skin prick testing to help with the diagnosis. ...Read more

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I have an immunodeficiency, What does it mean?

I have an immunodeficiency, What does it mean?

Impaired immune syst: That means that you have an impairment in your immune system although we will need more details to tell you what this may lead to since there are different types of immunodeficiency. Most patients present with recurrent sinus +/- lung infections but others may have more serious issues. Ask your doctor about it. ...Read more

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What does an endocrinologist do?

What does an endocrinologist do?

Hormone disorders: An endocrinologist is a specialist in the endocrine system, organs that produce the main hormones in our bodies, and parts of the pituitary and brain - whew. Usually an internal medicine doctor with advanced training and certification in endocrine disease. A reproductive endocrinologist (like me) is a specialist in fertility and endocrine disorders specific to female reproduction. ...Read more

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What does it mean to get an allergy test? What happens during an allergy test?

What does it mean to get an allergy test? What happens during an allergy test?

Skin prick/lab test: To be checked for allergy, usually you have a skin prick test to introduce a small amount of the allergen into the superficial layer of your skin (often done on your back or forearm). Alternatively, sometimes a blood test is checked instead to check for allergic antibody specific to an allergen (example, milk or dog dander). ...Read more

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What do you do for an outie?

What do you do for an outie?

Not necessarily.: An "outie" navel does not necessarily mean that you have an umbilical hernia. Ask your doctor to perform a physical exam to evaluate. If you do have a hernia, surgical repair is safe and effective. However, not all umbilical hernias need to be fixed. Those that are growing or causing symptoms should be fixed. ...Read more

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What does it mean to have an autoimmune diseases?

Generic: This is a generic term for any disorder that is caused by your own immune system. It means nothing without more specific information. ...Read more

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What does an enema do to you????

What does an enema do to you????

Need a little help: Normal bowel frequency varies from 1 every 3-4 days to 3-4 movements per day. Many "normal" people alternate their stool pattern within this range. Given the nonspecific nature of your question, it would be helpful to hear why you are considering an enema (& with what contents). Be aware enemas are NOT recommended for casual "cleansing", weight loss, or recreational use. ...Read more

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What exactly does an endocrinologist do?

What exactly does an endocrinologist do?

Hormones: Endocrinologists take care of diseases of hormone such as thyroid, adrenal, pituitary, reproductive, parathyroid, bone...They are also trained to treat disease of metabolism such as obesity, lipids, diabetes, high blood pressure. Some genetic diseases can also be evaluated and treated by an endocrinologist. ...Read more

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What does a pediatric allergist do?

What does a pediatric allergist do?

Treats Allergic Dis: All allergists are trained in adult and pediatric allergy -- some may choose only to see adults or peds. The allergic diseases allergist treat include: asthma, allergy nose and eyes, sinus disease, hives, rashes, allergic rashes, immunodeficiency (non aids). ...Read more

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What does it mean to have an arrhythmia?

What does it mean to have an arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia: An abnormal heart rhythm that may result in symptoms of palpitations, chest pain, dizziness, passing out, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Some arrhythmias can lead to strokes, heart attacks, and even death. See doctor, cardiologist, and/or heart rhythm (EP) specialist if concerned. Call 911 if chest pain, passing out, shortness of breath, or severe dizziness. ...Read more

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What does an internist do to you when you get older?

What does an internist do to you when you get older?

Older too: He just gets older too. I really dont understand the question. Possibly why do older people need internist ? Internal medicine is a field in which focus is placed on adult medicine and geriatrics and the chronic disease process which go along with aging. They usually do not see kids, do ob/gyn, deal with orthopedics like fps do, but devote all their time to internal disease diagnosis and treat. ...Read more

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How will i know what does an enlarged thyroid mean?

How will i know what does an enlarged thyroid mean?

Large Thyroid: It could mean anything from a viral infection to cancer. An enlarged thyroid should be evaluated by you physician. ...Read more

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What exactly does cortisol have to do with asthma?

What exactly does cortisol have to do with asthma?

Little: Asthma tends to get worse around 4 A.M. Coinciding with the lowest level in plasma cortisol in a 24-hr period. However if you are asking why cortisone is important, then the answer would be that cortisone acts as a non-specific agent to control the inflammation of the airways- a hallmark for asthma. Your body would not be able to produce enough cortisol to do the job. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is an immune system?

Can you tell me what is an immune system?

Keeps us healthy: Pretty big subject for this venue. Humans have an advanced immune system that has many facets, including aspects that are innate (born with) and adaptive (learned from exposure to the environment). Immune cells (white blood cells, lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen, liver) antibodies, proteins (including complement), that function with heirarchy, transport, communication, and redundancy. ...Read more

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What to do about an allergy attack?

What to do about an allergy attack?

Depends: That depends on what triggered the attack, what the symptoms are and how severe they are. Mild symptoms often respond to over the counter antihistamines, but moderate to severe symptoms usually require medical treatment. ...Read more

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Being sent to a certified allergist for a complete allergy and immunology workup. I know what allergy test is but what does immunology work up entail?

Being sent to a certified allergist for a complete allergy and immunology workup. I know what allergy test is but what does immunology work up entail?

Normal immune status: An immune evaluation is undertaken when your allergist is concerned about how well your immune system works. First, we look at antibody levels, IgG and the 4 subclasses, IgA (the most common Ig deficiency) , IgM and IgE (the allergic antibody). We also evaluate specific immune responses to different types of vaccines or illness. Usually tetanus and pneumococcal vaccine. (No room for full answer) ...Read more

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What does an allergist or an immunologist do to diagnose food allergies?

A logical approach: The allergist takes a detailed history & then performs a physical examination. Rather than screening food allergy tests more likely to reveal false positives the allergist prefers, when possible, to perform tests relevant to your history. They may be skin or blood tests, sometimes both. If the diagnosis is uncertain oral challenges are performed in a safe setting with appropriate safeguards. ...Read more

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What is immunologist? Do they practice medicine?

What is immunologist? Do they practice medicine?

Yes!: Yes. Unless they are naturopaths and chiropractors. They go to medical school, study internal medicine, and then train two to three years to become board eligble in allergy and immunology. ...Read more

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What types of common conditions require seeing an immunologist?

What types of common conditions require seeing an immunologist?

Recurrent infections: Physicians who practice in allergy, asthma & immunology have been trained to evaluate the function of the immune system. Most commonly, poor immunity to polysaccharide encapsulated bacteria such as strep. Pneumoniae leads to recurrent ear, sinus and lung infections. Vaccines used in children under age 2 (pcv-13) might not always generate protective antibodies. Checking for this problem might help. ...Read more

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What tools do immunologist need?

What tools do immunologist need?

History and labs: An immunologist first takes a good history of the patient's problems(ie., recurrent infections etc) and then will do a thorough physical exam. Based upon all of this, specific laboratory tests will be ordered. Once reviewed, a plan of action will be taken. ...Read more

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How do immunologists treat patients?

How do immunologists treat patients?

Allergy/Rheumatology: Allergy/Immunology specialists (as opposed to rheumatologists) treat people with various allergies and with asthma. This includes adults, but often much of the practice is pediatric. They also help identify and treat people with immunodeficiencies that make them more susceptible to infections. The specific treatments really depend on what is being treated. Rheumatologists Rx autoimmune disease. ...Read more

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What is a immunologist? Can they treat jra?

Health Specialists: It would appear that you need a rheumatologist first. The immunologist treats diseases of infection or of the immune system. Arthritis is treated by rheumatologists. ...Read more

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Do immunologists tell you how immune you are?

NOPE: Even the serum level of "immune factors" may have good quantity and not quality or vice versa. ...Read more

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What are allergists vs immunologists?

Usually the same: Most allergy physicians completed a fellowship in both allergy and immunology. There is significant overlap between the two fields. ...Read more

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Do i go see an immunologist for low wbcs?

Do i go see an immunologist for low wbcs?

Low WBC : Reason for low WBC 's are many . It has to be considered in conjunction with one's over all clinical features . Based on how low it is , under what circumstances , underlying disease, associated drug use, recent illnesses etc have to be considered in evaluation of leukopenia . Consult your doctor who will refer you to appropriate specialist based on cause and level of low wbc. ...Read more

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Can granulomatous inflammation been treat by immunologist?

Depends on the cause: Granulomatous inflammation is a chronic inflammatory response characterised by focal collections of macrophages, epithelioid cells and multinucleated giant cells. The causes of granulomas is quite varied, from a foreign body reaction, to infectious causes (such as tb, syphilis, histoplasmosis), to systemic immune conditions including sarcoidosis. Rx by an immunologist or infectious disease md. ...Read more

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What is the difference between an immunologist and rheumatologist?

Little to big: I am a rheuamtolgoist, but trained in a program called clinical immunology and rheumatology. The allergists where in the program. Otherwise, in many places the rheumatology section is distinct, and there will be allergy and immunology programs. There are appreciable overlaps between what either speciality does. ...Read more

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I have a lot of background info but no room to type it. My three 1/2 yr old is being referred to an immunologist and I have ?s about current counts.

I have a lot of background info but no room to type it. My three 1/2 yr old is being referred to an immunologist and I have ?s about current counts.

Request consult: By requesting a formal consult, you will be able to video consult or download pictures for a more complete evaluation and answer. We are unable to view records or pictures in this forum. Hope we can help you soon! ...Read more

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Should I see an Immunologist if I get sick after being in large grps or around chldrn w/ runny noses, & rather than a few days it takes wks to recover?

Yes: If this is a persistent pattern that you have noticed for years, you should first see your primary care doc and let her exam you and do some initial labs. If that does not answer the questions, your doc will refer you to the appropriate professional ...Read more

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Do immunologists treat autoimmune disease?

Do immunologists treat autoimmune disease?

Probably Not: Autoimmune diseases are best treated by rheumatologists in conjunction with one's pcp. ...Read more

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How can I find an immunologist or allergist?

Find an allergist: Go to the website www.Aaaai.Org and click on the tab at the top that says "find an allergist." enter your zip code to find the one nearest you that is a member of this organization, the american academy of allergy, asthma and immunology. ...Read more

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What is the difference between an allergist and an immunologist?

Not much: These physicians are typically interchangeable as allergy is an over-vigorous immune response. Thus, an immunologist typically manages allergies. ...Read more

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Should I consult an immunologist about low IgA (14) and IgE levels?

Should I consult an immunologist about low IgA (14) and IgE levels?

Yes: There's no danger in having a low ige level- that's normal. An IgA of 14 likely indicates IgA deficiency. This can predispose to infections of the sinuses and lungs. You should see a board certified allergist/immunologist. ...Read more

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Is a referral to an immunologist necessary after suffering anaphylactic shock?

Is a referral to an immunologist necessary after suffering anaphylactic shock?

Helpful...: It would be helpful to see an immunologist after an episode of anaphylaxis to determine the allergen responsible, if possible, so that the allergen can be avoided, if possible. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening so any and all steps to reduce the possibility of a recurrent episode should be taken. ...Read more

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My immunologist said that my slightly low IgA may be caused by my chronic stress. She said cortisol decreases IgA production. True?

My immunologist said that my slightly low IgA may be caused by my chronic stress. She said cortisol decreases IgA production. True?

True.....: and there is a pretty wide range on IgA in the normal category. There is a specific disease when the IgA is ZERO, but :"low" is not "zero" and "low" is not associated with significant problems. and yes, stress (especially day/night shift changes) alter hormones and might reasonably lower IgA levels. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20496079 but... in the one study, the OPPOSITE was found ! ...Read more