Doctor insights on:
What Does An Enlarged Abnormal Thyroid Gland Look Like
Pituitary "enlarged": You need a ct or MRI to see the pituitary. The pituitary normally enlarges during pregnancy and puberty. Hypothyroidism (high tsh) can make it enlarged. Bad stuff: tumors in the pituitary can develop, and they sometime secrete excess hormones, giving rise to many different disorders. Aneurisms, cysts, other things can happen, but all these are readily seen on mri. ...Read more
It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more
Can mean many things: A lumpy thyroid gland may have a nodule or nodules that can either be benign or cancer. Frequently when you have multiple lumps in the thyroid it is due to what is known as a multinodular goiter, which is benign, that is not cancer. However, the usual approach is to get an ultrasound of the thyroid and evaluate the nodule or nodules. A biopsy may be necessary. ...Read more
It means: increased blood flow to the thyroid. It may be a sign of thyroiditis in the setting of a heterogeneous gland. ...Read more
I have symptoms of an underactive thyroid and an enlarged thyroid but the ultrasound came back normal. What does that mean?
Thyroid levels?: An enlarged thyroid on exam is subjective. The us is better at asessing thyroid size and volume and to rule out other problems which sometimes can be seen on thyroid glands. If your thyroid hormone levels are normal, most likely your symptoms are not related to a thyroid problem. The normal us is reassuring. ...Read more
Goiter: It means the gland is larger than normal. The most common cause of goiter worldwide is a lack of iodine in the diet. In the United States, where most people use iodized salt, goiter is more often due to the over- or underproduction of thyroid hormones or to nodules that develop in the gland itself. ...Read more
Could be OK: Depends on how swollen and the cause. It could be from thyroiditis. It could be upper limits of normal. Did your doctor test your thyroid function? ...Read more
Varies: Nodules may be visible lumps beneath the surface or invisible ones in the body of the organ, that may be palpable by trained fingers. Ultrasound & radionuclide scans are used to visualize & help characterize them. See doc for thyroid blood tests & follow-up imaging studies if needed. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?
Endocrinologist: It means that there is abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland,which has three zones,symmetrically. An enlargement of a parathyroid gland is called hyperplasia. These findings are abnormal and are considered a multiglandular problem which requires the evaluation and treatment advice from an endocrinologist. ...Read more
Benign tumor.: An adenoma is a benign (not cancer) growth on an adrenal gland. They are relatively common and can be picked up on a ct scan done for other reasons. While most don't make hormones, some do. That can result in excess cortisone, aldosterone or other hormones. If functional, they might need to be removed. Non-functional adenomas are usually left alone as they are not dangerous. ...Read more
Overactive: An over active parathyroid gland, or hyperparathyroidism, can cause weak bones, broken bones, kidney stones, pancreatitis, stomach ulcers, abdominal pain, fatigue, depression, forgetfulness, and anxiety. A normal parathyroid gland is about the size of a grain of rice or a pea. An abnormal gland is about the size of an olive. They are nearly impossible to feel on normal examination. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Good question: B"sd prominent sellanot really sure - should ask the neuro radiologist. Flattened pituitary: From endocrine point of view woud proceed with evaluation of anterior pituitary hormone status as appropriate. Would depend on why MRI obtained and other factors. Am more than happy to consult on details ...Read more
Orange size?: i presume you do not mean color but size. The thyroid is not a very large gland to begin with. If it is a cyst then a colloid cyst is common. There are other cysts much less common. If solid then there are many different causes. Goiter as well as hyper plastic nodules look like that. Much more needs to be said about those findings. At that size, talk to your doctor for more information and next ...Read more
If an enlarged thryoid is found not functioning after an iodine uptake test, what else can reduce the enlarge thyroid without surgery?
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