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What Does Advanced Stenosis Mean
Narrowing: Stenosis can be central, narrowing of the canal formed by the bony arch of the vertebrae that the spinal cord hangs in. Or it can be narrowing of the openings to the sides that the spinal nerves exit between the vertebrae. This can be caused by hypertrophy or thickening of the bony parts or the ligament along the back of the vertebral bodies or the discs pushing into the spaces or a combination. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Let's see: Between each vertebral body is a cushion called an intervertebral disc. These act as so-called shock absorbers to the spine. With aging and with overuse and with trauma and for unknown reasons, these disc lose their elasticity, stamina and durability and deteriorate. This can place stresses on the spine (cervical, thoracic & lumbar) and cause a myriad of symptoms and problems. They wear out! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Paranasal Sinuses: The paranasal sinuses, or simply - sinuses - are cavities within the bones of your skull that lighten the skull and allow air and sound to resonate. The sinuses also naturally function to clean particles and filter air. Sinus disease indicates an abnormality in these normal/natural processes. Most commonly, there can be an anatomical or structural blockage, allergy, inflammation... ...Read more
The back part: The lamina is the flat part of the bone on the back side of the spinal bone (vertebra) that helps form the channel for the sac containing the spinal cord (neck and mid back) and nerves (low back). Laminectomy removes all or almost all of this bone without removing the small joints (facets) next to it. Surgeons usually try to limit the amount removed without compromising the operation's goal. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Plaque build up: It is hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Gallbladder: The cystic artery provides the arterial blood supply to the gallbladder. When the gallbladder is surgically removed, cholecystectomy, the cystic artery is clipped and severed. A cystic artery leak usually refers to bleeding from the cystic artery stump following cholecystectomy. ...Read more
Loss of function: Kidneys of human body has millions of microscopic filters to eliminate waste , called glomurali , due to diabetes , blood pressure , and age etc we lose them , non reversible filtration rate will decrease , as more of them are gone, ultimately leads to end stage renal failure dialysis is required , , stage iii a rate will be 45-59 ml/mint in stage iii b will be 30 - 44 ml/ mnt. ...Read more
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