Doctor insights on:
What Do The Stages Of Breast Cancer Mean
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
The extent of cancer: ...is typically categorized into various stages. A complete diagnostic evaluation is needed to determine a cancer's stage. Criteria are the size of the primary tumor, the involvement of regional lymph nodes, invasion into tissue outside the breast, or more distant metastasis. Staging systems are usually numbered I-IV with various subdivisions. See http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/breast/Patient/page2 ...Read more
Cancer progression: Staging prostate cancer (or any cancer) is a method to allow the physician and patient to help aid in the prognosis. This is a measure of the how far advanced the cancer has progressed such as into other organs or into bones. It also help aid in the treatment options since certain options of treatment are onloy available at certain stages. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Thus:: Very early: none. A bit later: a painless lump or dimpling of the skin. Much later: red, swollen, or ulcerated breast, enlarged lymph nodes, or symptoms caused by metastases. Get your mammos and physical exams as recommended by your doctor based on your risk so that if it happens, you will be in the first group. Funny, someone from texas just asked exactly the same question at the same time. Hmm. ...Read more
What is metastasis and at what stage during the devolopment of lung cancer does it start to occur?
Distant spread: A tumor is said to have metastasized when it spreads to a distant site through lymphatics or blood vessels. The molecular changes in the tumor associated with ability to metastasize vary with different tumors and are not clearly defined. In some types of lung cancers, metastases can occur even before cancer becomes detectable by x-ray. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Breast cancer sx’s: Can include a mass. Masses that are painless, irregular ; hard are more suggestive of cancer but they can also be tender, painful ; soft. Swelling of breast; thickened, red, skin; non-milky nipple discharge; new retraction of nipple, puckering or irritation of skin or pain ; sometimes swollen lymph nodes under arm(s). Seek med eval if you have suspicious symptoms. ...Read more
Silence: In this country, breast cancer is most often detected by mammogram, before any symptoms. Other symptoms include a painless new lump, swollen lymph nodes in the armpit, dimpling in the skin of the breast, a newly inverted nipple, scaling or crusting of the nipple, or a sore on the breast that doesn't heal. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
It varies: Prostate cancer is often silent and is typically picked up on a screening blood test called psa. Sometimes patients have urinary symptoms which may include frequent urination or blood in the urine. Some patients have back or pelvic pain which may be indicative of more advanced cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many variations: Leukemia can be Acute or Chronic. Further, it can be either Lymphatic(ALL , CLL) or Myeloid (AML)type. Since it is a blood cancer, it spreads into the blood very early on. So there is no staging system like we have for solid Cancers. But we can characterize it as Newly diagnosed(untreated) or Relapsed after prior treatment. The prognosis varies greatly among all the different varieties enlisted . ...Read more
Stages 0 thru 4: Stage 0 is cancer confined to the ducts or lobules. Stages 1 describes a small cancer without lymph node involvement. Stage 2 is where the cancer is medium sized and/or involving lymph nodes. Stage 3 is associated with cancers that are large, involve the overlying skin or chest muscles, or contiguous nodes. Stage 4 describes distant organ involvement called metastases. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Colon cancer stage depends on how deep the cancer invades through the intestinal layers, if the cancer spread to lymph nodes, or if the cancer spread to other organs. Pathology helps determine the stage after surgical removal. Stage 1 best over 90% survival, stage 2 about 80% survival, stage 3 about 60% survival & stage 4 about 40% survival. Numbers very rough and each person responds differently. ...Read more
Breast ducts: Breast cancer usually begins in cells that line the ducts of the breast. This is ductal carcinoma, which is about 80% of breast cancers. Sometimes cancer starts in the breast lobules where milk is made. This is lobular breast cancer, which is about 15% of breast cancers. There are other subtypes of breast cancer that make up the rest. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Possible Symptoms of: Breast cancer can include a mass. Masses that are painless, irregular & hard are more suggestive of cancer but they can also be tender, painful & soft. Swelling of breast; thickened, red, skin; non-milky nipple discharge; new retraction of nipple, puckering or irritation of skin or pain & sometimes swollen lymph nodes under arm(s). Seek med eval if you have suspicious symptoms. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: I would depend on where the metastasis are located and how advanced. Initially metastasis to different areas may produce no symptoms. Then as they progress problems can develope. In bone, you can get pain, collapse of a part of the spine if that is involved, fractures. In the lung you can become short of breath or develop fluid.. In the liver you can develope liver problems. Etc. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Good question!: Stage describes how spread a cancer is. Usually, but not always, it goes from stage 1 (or 0 in some cases) to 4. Grade has to do with how the cells look under the microscope. The more they look like normal cells, the better. Both high stage and high grade usually mean worse prognosis but they do not always go together. You can have a high grade, low stage cancer or viseversa. ...Read more
Most breast cancers are carcinomas. This is a type of breast cancer. These cancers start in the cells that line organs and tissues. In fact, breast cancers are often a type of carcinoma called adenocarcinoma, which starts in cells that make glands (glandular tissue). Breast adenocarcinomas start in the ducts (the milk ducts) or ...Read more
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