Top
10
Doctor insights on: What Causes The Leading Preventable Mental Retardation Condition In The U S

Share
1

1
Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


2

2
What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

One is slang: handicapped covers a whole spectrum of developmental disabilities where retarded is vulgar and no professional uses that term anymore ...Read more

3

3
What are the leading causes of severe or profound mental retardation?

Genetics and injury: The most serious forms of mr typically have genetic causes are result for intrauterine trauma ( e.g., viral infections) or head injury after birth. Many syndromes have been identified that are associated with these levels of severity, but most remain undetermined. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
4

4
How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

Not quite the same: The term mental retardation is an old term that refers to brain problems present at birth or in early development. Alcohol and drug use can and do cause a loss of cognitive function in adults. Alcohol kills brain cells; some drugs deplete certain neurotransmitters. ...Read more

5

5
What causes mental retardation?

There are several : 100's of causes of Intellectual Disability beginning with inherited mutant genes & genetic accidents that occur during egg & sperm formation; epigenetic factors like viruses that alter function but not sequence or structure of genes; teratogens like alcohol, tobacco & drugs from 3 weeks after conception till term & beyond; maternal illnesses, , etc. See pediatrics.med.nyu.edu for much more. ...Read more

6

6
Can a general anesthetic make you dumb? Also can a general anesthetic cause mental retardation?

Can a general anesthetic make you dumb? Also can a general anesthetic cause mental retardation?

Not usually: General anesthesia in the hands of a skilled anesthesiologist is a safe approach. However there are circumstances when during anesthesia, blood pressure falls too far and for too long, or there is a prolonged period of lack of oxygen, that can result in brain damage. If you are considering surgery, speak to your surgeon and the anesthesiologist about the risks. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
7

7
What do drugs do to the fetal brain that causes mental retardation?

What do drugs do to the fetal brain that causes mental retardation?

No single answer: Exposure of the developing brain to different types of drug certainly is one source of mr. There is no single mechanism. Broadly, incredibly complex neuron development and migration patterns result in normal brain function. Even slight disturbances in those delicate processes can lead to "bad brain." the amazing thing is how well protected the fetus is under most circumstances. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
8

8
Hi,I would like to know does absence seizures cause mental retardation.

Hi,I would like to know does absence seizures cause mental retardation.

Seizures are the...: Seizures are the result of abnormalities in the brain structure, imbalances in brain chemistry or electrical signals, etc... Seizures are not the cause of the brain problems, but rather the person's brain problems may be causing the seizures. That means seizures and mental retardation can both be due to some other brain problem, but the seizures and mental retardation are not causing one another. ...Read more