Doctor insights on:
What Causes Cytomegalovirus
Single viral strain: Rubella is caused by a virus with only 1 known strain & humans as the only known source. Infection is passed by contact with infected fluid on surfaces or in the air from a sneeze or cough. Immunization has reduced the case numbers when used, but is not 100% efective after 1 dose. Ease of international travel & transmission during incubation results in clusters of new cases every year. ...Read more
CMV= cytomegalovirus, a virus in the herpesvirus family that can infect anyone. CMV is spread by direct contact of body fluids, such as saliva, blood, urine, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. CMV infection can have a wide range of symptoms from no symptoms to symptoms of fever and fatigue (resembling infectious mononucleosis) to severe symptoms involving brain, ...Read more
A parasite: Toxoplasmosis is a parasite that lives in the cat digestive system. It is transmitted to humans through contact with cat feces in kitty litter, with soil that cats have defecated in or with a cat's anus (groomers or vets). It typically just causes a mild flu-like syndrome. Like any other infection, it can be serious in immune-compromised people, like those with aids or on chemotherapy. ...Read more
Many things: Meningitis develops when the circulating bacteria, virus, or fungi in the blood stream seeds and infects the meninges (thick covering of brain). Occasionally, it can also be an extension of inflammation of adjacent structures, e.g., paranasal sinus, to meninges. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A bacterial disease: Usually typhoid fever refers to a bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi. But it can be confused with typhus: infection due to a special bacterial type called Rickettsia, which is an intracellular parasite. Both are common with poor sanitary practices, including unsafe water supply and drainage systems. See the difference here: http://tinyurl.com/csnxwt4 & http://tinyurl.com/lj9eewt ...Read more
C.diphtheriae strain: The germ corynebacterium diphtheriae is a bacteria that has a toxic strain that uses humans as it's only reservoir. It produces a variety of enzymes that allow it to penetrate and destroy cells or have toxic effects on the heart, kidneys & nerves. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Eye dryness: This is a condition of dryness of the eyes. It can come about from ordinary lowered tear production, atmospheric dryness, chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation sequelae and hyper allergic conditions such as Steven Johnson syndrome. It needs significant amounts of treatment to prevent loss of vision. ...Read more
Normal vaginal DC: Formed when excessive surface cells, bacteria and bodily secretion are discharged from the body. Iit might occasionally be yellowish with slightly abnormal odor , but if discharge is accompanied by itching, pain/sig discomfort, strong odor or sores in the vagina then an abnormal process is likely. Leukorrhea may be increased @ midmenses, use of OCPs, meds etc. Good personal hygiene helps. ...Read more
HPV is a virus.: Genital human papillomavirus (hpv) is a common virus. Most sexually active people in the United States (U.S.) may have hpv at some time in their lives. There are more than 40 types of hpv that are passed on through sexual contact. These types can infect the genital areas of men and women, including the skin on and around the penis or anus. They can also infect the mouth and throat. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many causes: Hepatosplenomegaly is the simultaneous enlargement of both the liver (hepatomegaly) and the spleen (splenomegaly). There are many causes for this, including infectious, malignant and metabolic causes. The most common infectious causes are viral infections leading to acute & chronic liver disease and malaria, depending on the part of the world. Lymphomas and leukemias make up malignant causes ...Read more
Causes of leukemia: The exact causes of leukemia remain unclear. There are risk factors known to increase the risk of some types of leukemia: 1) exposure to ionizing radiation 2) exposure to environmental toxins, such as benzene and some petrochemicals 3) history of previous chemotherapy treatment for cancer (especially with use of alkylating agents) 4) down syndrome 5) genetic predisposition (single gene or multiple. ...Read more
Congenital Rubella: Syndrome occurs when a woman contracts Rubella (German measles) during pregnancy and it is passed on to the fetus, leading to certain eye, heart, hearing or neurologic abnormalities after birth and lung, growth, bone, liver, skin and blood abnormalities in utero. It is important that any woman of child bearing age make sure they are immune and if not, get vaccinated to prevent this syndrome. ...Read more
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