Doctor insights on:
What Causes Bone Calcification
Preexisting lesion: Presence of pre existing lesions such as multiple cartilage tumors may result with one transforming to chondrosarcoma. The closer to the pelvis the greater the incidence. Other bone lesions when enlarging such as dysplasias or giant cell tumors as preexisting lesions may result in malignant transformation. ...Read more
Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more
Dumb back luck: You won't find an environmental cause for any bone cancer apart from the rare ones that arise in pre-existing severe Paget's of bone, rare genetic syndromes or an old radiation port. Recently the news showcased what we pathologists have taught for decades -- the vast majority of cancers are the result of random mutations -- truly random. There's no way to prevent. ...Read more
Varies: Sub articular means below the articular cartilage of a joint, edema is a fluid signal seen in the marrow that makes it a different color on MRI. Multiple causes. For example sub articular bone edema in the tibia would suggest either a fracture or severe arthritis in the knee; less commonly caused by infection or cancer. Discuss with your doctor. ...Read more
Too many: There are too many causes to list here. These range from systemic diseases to issues related to oral hygiene. Medications and diet may also play a role. It is best to speak with the practitioner who made the diagnosis and to look at your individual risk factors. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Do not know: There are multiple different types of bone marrow tumors and the cause for almost all is unknown. A few things like exposure to benzene and radiation do predispose a person to leukemia. You may consult this site for info: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/leukemia/basics/causes/CON-20024914 For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more
Clivus bone tumor: “Fibro-osseous”? Do you mean fibrous dysplasia? These tumors are very rare. Symptoms: headache (sometimes severe) near base of back of the skull. Pain made worse by moving the head/neck. Possible visual problems because of weakness of a nerve (cranial nerve #6) that controls eye movement. The eye will cross inward toward the nose. Anyone with these problems should see his/her doctor. ...Read more
Extrapulmonic TB: When you first get TB by inhalation it multiplies in the lung, then into a lymph node, where it ruptures into a blood vessel and the bacteria spread to sites around the body, usually those that receive the most blood. This includes bone. It may lie dormant in those sites for many years, only to reactivate later and produce disease at one of these extra-pulmonic sites. ...Read more
Many things: Osteoporosis can be the result of low calcium, low Vitamin D, decreased bone production, increased bone turnover, disuse of a limb due to injury or pain, or other medical conditions such as hypothyroidism or kidney disease. Therefore, it is important to have osteoporosis evaluated with a physical and blood work so that the correct treatment can occur and prevent fractures. ...Read more
Genes, hormones: Bone density is determined initially by inherited genes, If a parent has low bone density there is a 50% chance each child may also. In women estrogen deficiency causes bone loss. In men testosterone deficiency causes bone loss. Vitamin D deficiency results in poor absorption of calcium and causes bone loss and/or poorly mineralized bone. Steroids, excess alcohol and cigarettes also. ...Read more
Trauma to the bone: Bone marrow edema is the bone respondence +to some traumatic event, not strong enough to produce a fracture but sufficient to create the bone respond.Treatment is the same than afracture that is rest and the use of a cam-walker to unload the calcaneous. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Calcified cyst: Are you referring to breast cysts with calcified walls? I'm not exactly sure, maybe some inflammatory reaction of the cyst wall. What I do know is that calcified cysts are a radiologist's best friend on mammography...easy to see, and 100% benign. ...Read more
Bone lesion found in xray of knee. Im worried. Could this be cancer? What could b the causes of bone lesions?
Bone lesion: There are many potential things here, and a malignant tumor is one of the least likely things at your age. Cysts, infection, numerous benign lesions and the rare cancer can all present as a radiographic finding. A good radiologist will be able to give the likely possibilities, but if a biopsy is needed, many of these require someone with significant experience with bone lesions. ...Read more
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