Doctor insights on:
What Causes An Avm To Develop In The Fetus
There are many cause: Fliud on the brain may be the result of a blockage to the outflow of cerebro-spinal fliud as it leaves the ventricles in which case it is refered to as hydrocephalus..Either communicating or non-communicating. Fluid on the brain may also refer to accumulation of fluid out side the surface of the brain in the sub-dural space...Aka: subdural hematoma. ...Read more
Leucodystrophy: Vlcfa stands for very long chain fatty acids. This is the finding in patients with a certain form of leucodystrophy. They may have disorder of adrenal function as well. Usually male and usually progressive. Special labs are available to measure these levels. There are treatments available for some forms. You need to discuss these issues with your doctors. ...Read more
Forceps brain injury: Usually would not result in br injury, also count in time duration from full dilation to forceps use. Difficulty from forcep delivery add up to total trauma + times suffering low oxygenation. Symptoms would not appear till late if just cognitive weakness, if physical trauma-brain bleed sx would be immediate (reflexes + respiration adequacy + tonus of muscles..). ...Read more
Seisures dued to a tumor in the brain . What is the risk of of surgery what is some questions that i can ask?
Can one have an MRI of the plevis if one has a pacemaker? Is there a risk that the leads to the heart could be damaged?
Can genome sequencing help to reveal the cause of an intellectual disability? How can an 'unknown cause' of it be eventually clarified?
Yes: Causes of Intellectual Disability are: Chromosomal-30%, CNS malformations-15%, Congenital syndromes-5%, Metabolic-5%, Acquired-15%, Unknown-25-38%. Genetic testing revealed cause in 50% of these cases. Notably numerous other tests are important to diagnosis as well. Recent advances in cytogenetic & molecular genetic testing will lead to improved diagnosis & lower the % of unknowns in future. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the worst structure to injure that may potentially expose a fetus to the mother's Rh type?
The placenta?: Usually sensitization takes place getting born. Early separation might increase the risk. ...Read more
Great question!: You are correct that there seem to be differences in the brains of transgender vs non-transgender folks. It may be related to hormone exposure early in development, but this is an area where we really don't have an answer yet. We do know, however, that being transgender is not a "lifestyle choice" any more than it is to be cis-gender (non-transgender). LGromkoMD ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Flip side of coin: We presume hormones, & brain systems regulating them, R responsible 4how bodies develop sex characteristics. But hormones behave in complex ways & their production is affected by genetic makeup + external factors- incl bacterial cultures we carry on us! The systems & factors that make someone identify as transgender vs "cisgender" (body matches gender w/ which they identify) R likely the very same ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What causes pelvic vascular congestion with prominent vessels in the periuterine area? What types of symptoms will pelvic vascular congestion cause? And what should be done to treat the condition?
Pelvic congestion: Pelvic congestion is related to to incompetent valves in the ovarian veins allowing venous reflux causing venous pelvic engorged veins. They can be asymptomatic or cause pelvic aching/pain. When they are symptomatic they can be treated through a minimally invasive procedure by blocking off the veins by an interventional radiologist. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
What would cause the plaque in heart arteries to SUDDENLY rupture then form a clot then cause a Heart Attack? what are the reasons behind rupturing? Thank you.
Read this: Good summary article: http://cardiovascres.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/2/369Get a more detailed answer ›
What is the possibility of death when you have brain damage to the left side of your brain after a hemorrhage stroke?
Relative term: it depends on location and size and many many other factors. ...Read more
Can you explain the causes and consequences of a stroke, relate to the nervous system and explain what happens there?
Simple concepts: Stroke involves blood flow to brain and if blocked, brain tissue dies causing symptoms such as unilateral paralysis, or speech deficit. Causes may include hypertension, smoking, high blood lipids, diabetes, hyperhomocysteinemia, but also, could be secondary to primary cardiac problem. ...Read more
See below: In general, in any location, an aneurysm is a weakness in the wall of the artery resulting in a ballooning or enlargement of that portion of the artery, and not necessarily a blockage of the artery. An embolism would be a blood clot that forms and travels to the inside of a blood vessel causing an internal blockage of the vessel. ...Read more
No way to tell: You can't tell this. Any exposure can pose a risk. ...Read more
Can a octreotide scan be able to detect any abnormality of the structure of the heart or any heart disease?
If i had AVM since i was born? would i have symptoms by now? wouldn't it have gotten bigger and cause headaches?
Dural avm: Unlike other brain AVMs which are congenital, dural AVMs are believed to be acquired. Dural AVMs are not infectious or inherited. Occasionally, a dural AVM has been reported following cranial surgery.The reasons for the development of dural AVMs are unknown. They may result from a blood clot in a large venous channel which then forms a connection between a dural artery and vein during the repair. ...Read more
AVM: A 2mm avm is an extremely small size avm and impressed they were able to find it on radiologic studies. An avm always has a risk of bleeding but if only 2mm in size this would be a low flow avm and the risks on the lower size. I would recommend followup in the future to make sure there is no growth in the avm as that would change the treatment. ...Read more
I was born at 51/2 months. I want a baby but worried I have a avm due to being preemie and that pregnancy will cause stroke. Can i ask for tests?
APPT with MFM: You are the ideal candidate to see mfm (maternal/fetal medicine) doctor before you get pregnant. They can discuss risk of pregnancy to you and risk of problems to the baby due to both your problems and the risk of prematurity. Needs lots more info than given here, but this specialist can help guide you through everything and help decide if risks are present and how they could affect you and baby. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I had a brain avm removed 11 years ago & now have encephalomalacia which has seemed to get bigger over the years and causes seizures, is that normal?
Can a vascular AVM in the brain cause brain cancer or any type of cancer or stroke down the line?
Cancer-no, Stroke-?: AVM's (artero-venous malformations) do not cause cancer. Whether or not they may cause a stroke, depends! The location, size, luck, and other risk factors all must be figured in. Lots of people have AVM's in their brains and elsewhere and never know they have them because they never cause problems. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Are pre eclampsia, blood clot and AVM only cause of stroke in Pregnancy? Can i get tests done to see how likely a blood clot would develop? AVM?
Stroke in pregnancy: There are many causes of stroke in pregnancy, some unique to being pregnant. The list is quite exhaustive but include all the things that would make young people art risk. Diabetes, HTN, smoking, bleeding disorders, clotting disorders, collagen vascular disease, trauma, cardiac conditions, DVT with paradoxical emboli, hematologic malignancies, inherited disorders of connective tissue, congenital A ...Read more
Have iron defiency anemia. My grandson had a brain avm that ruptured. Could I have an undiagnosed avm that causes this?
Hubby small avm ruptured-caused diplopia. 3 neurosurgeons haven't linked infant spinal meningitis & plan radiosurgery . Should spinal tap been given?
Have disc bulge l4-5 causing sciatica but because had brain surgery to remove a haematoma on brain caused by avm 4 months ago can't take painkillers?
3 good spine txs:: 1) Exercise https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=20zybMbnVoU 2) Medication, ie gabapentin http://www.spine-health.com/forum/pain/sciatica-leg-pain-radiculopathy/gabapentin-sciatic-nerve-pain 3) Epidural injection https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KqL9gzVkAJQ ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
AVM Symptoms: Typically, yes. Those symptoms are flank or back pain and bloody urine. A common physical finding is high blood pressure. The caveat here is that these symptoms can also be seen in a wide variety of other renal conditions. Thus, if you are concerned that you may have an avm, please see your doctor for a more thorough evaluation. ...Read more
AVM or AVN?: Avn refers to loss of blood supply to a part of a joint and damage that can lead to collapse of bone and joint destruction, it can involve any joint, most commonly hip, knee or shoulder. In avn exercise limitations depend on the joint involved and the stage of the damage. Avm is an arteriovenous malformation, some can be of minimal clinical significance and others, (brain) can be deadly. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: Where the avm was, how large it was, and what problems it was causing you. In the lung, avms can result in large amounts of blood being shunted through the lung without oxygen. Embolization or radio surgery can close these shunts which might improve exercise tolerance. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Inderal (propranolol): Persons with vascular malformations are more prone to vascular headaches. These are often migraine in nature, but are more complex to treat. Inderal helps with many. If eeg is abnormal, use of topamax (topiramate) may be beneficial. Try to avoid ergots or high dose aspirin. Combination Imitrex and naprosyn may be helpful. ...Read more
Procedure: Stomach avms (artero-venous malformations) are common causes of GI bleeding. These can be very frustrating to treat as they are not the same as ulcers or gastritis that also cause bleeding and are treated by acid reducing or stomach coating meds. If they bleed, an egd is usually needed for coagulation or chemical scarring therapy. Be gentle with your stomach and no/moderate alcohol, caffeine, smoke. ...Read more
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